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Quick Reference Tick Guide. A tick is not just a tick. It’s important to be able to tell the types of ticks apart because each species can transmit different,

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Presentation on theme: "Quick Reference Tick Guide. A tick is not just a tick. It’s important to be able to tell the types of ticks apart because each species can transmit different,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Quick Reference Tick Guide

2 A tick is not just a tick. It’s important to be able to tell the types of ticks apart because each species can transmit different, sometimes serious diseases to pets and humans alike. Identifying a tick is an important part of making a correct diagnosis. Information provided by: Novartis Animal Health US, Inc. Photo provided by: buddenbohn.deviantart.com

3 Tick Basics The tick has four life stages: egg, larva, nymph and adult Females tend to be larger than males The scutum, or hard shell, expands over the male’s whole back, but extends only one third of the way down a female’s back Tick color, scutum pattern and mouthpart size are often distinctive to a species Information provided by: Novartis Animal Health US, Inc. Photo provided by:

4 Photo provided by: extension.entm.purdue.edu

5 Lone Star Tick Nymph Male Female Engorged Photos provided by:

6 Lone Star Tick Female has small white star shape on scutum; male has four horseshoe- shaped white marks along edge of scutum Mouthparts in both are long and barbed, making it difficult to remove attached ticks Commonly transmits ehrlichiosis and babesiosis Known for having the most annoying bites Habitat: Most commonly found in woodland habitats with dense underbrush, but can also be found in grassy meadows and young forests. Hosts: Larvae and Nymphs- cats, coyotes, deer, dogs, humans, rabbits, red fox, squirrels, raccoons, turkey, white-tailed deer, and numerous other mammals Adults- cats, cattle, coyotes, dogs, horses, humans, raccoons, sheep and white- tailed deer Information provided by: Novartis Animal Health US, Inc. &

7 American Dog Tick (Wood Tick) Nymph Male Female Engorged Photos provided by:

8 American Dog Tick (Wood Tick) Male has diffuse white streaks on reddish- brown body; female is slightly larger with large white splotches on scutum, reddish-brown body Both have stubby mouthparts Commonly transmits Rocky Mountain spotted fever and tularemia One of the largest ticks Habitat: Grassy meadows, young forests, along roadways and trails Hosts: Larvae- voles, mice, numerous small mammals Nymphs- cats, dogs, opossums, rabbits and raccoons Adults- cats, coyotes, cattle, horses, raccoons and other large mammals Information provided by: Novartis Animal Health US, Inc. &

9 Deer Tick (Black-Legged Tick) Nymph Male Female Engorged Photos provided by:

10 Deer Tick (Black-Legged Tick) Female has an orange- red body with dark legs and scutum; male is smaller and dark in color Mouthparts are much longer than those of the brown dog tick Commonly transmits Lyme disease, anaplasmosis and babesiosis Favors brushy or heavily wooded areas Habitat: Deciduous forests such as maple and oak woodlands adjacent brush or grass. Hosts: Larvae- various rodents, small mammals, birds and lizards Nymphs- birds, cats, chipmunks, mice, opossums, raccoons, rodents, squirrels and and humans Adults- cattle, coyotes, dogs, foxes, horses, humans, deer, opossums and raccoons Information provided by: Novartis Animal Health US, Inc. &

11 Brown Dog Tick Nymph Male Female Engorged Photos provided by:

12 Brown Dog Tick Has flat, brown body; male and female very similar in appearance Commonly transmits ehrlichiosis and babesiosis One of the most common ticks Thrives indoors Habitat: Most common in warm subtropical climates, occurring in shaded sandy areas. Found in cracks and crevices in houses, garages and dog runs. Often will crawl up walls in homes and kennels and can be found in false ceilings. Hosts: Larvae and Nymphs- Prefer to feed on dogs, but will also feed on other mammals, including rodents and rabbits Adults- Prefer to feed on dogs, but will also rarely feed on a variety of other mammals Information provided by: Novartis Animal Health US, Inc. &

13 Lyme Disease Lyme Disease is caused by a tick-transmitted spirochete bacteria, and this organism commonly causes disease in humans and dogs. This disease has been reported in all 50 states. Clinical signs of infection include fever, anorexia, lethargy, shifting leg lameness related to polyarthritis, and enlarged lymph nodes (lymphadenopathy). Cardiac and renal signs, which can lead to death, may also occur. Lyme disease can be difficult to accurately diagnose because some dogs get infected with the organism and develop detectable antibodies but do not develop signs of disease. Disease prevention by reducing exposure to tick habitats, protecting pets with products and vaccination against Lyme disease is recommended. Information provided by:

14 Canine Hepatozoonosis Canine Hepatozoonosis is unique in that dogs must ingest the tick to become infected with this disease. Once ingested by the dog, the infective agents contained in the tick are released and infect white blood cell and cells of many other organs. Clinical signs of disease include fever, anemia and progressive weight loss. Disease can be seen in dogs of all ages, but is most commonly seen in puppies. Because there is no vaccine, tick control is the best form of prevention. Information provided by:

15 Canine Ehrlichiosis Canine Ehrlichiosis is widespread in large parts of North and South America, Europe, Asia and Africa. The disease occurs as acute, subclinical and chronic phases. The acute phase starts with fever, anorexia, dyspnea (difficulty breathing), edema (tissue swelling), vomiting, lymphadenopathy (enlarged lymph nodes) and vasculitis (inflammation of blood vessels). The acute phase is transient, usually resolving in one to two weeks. Chronic signs of disease include bleeding tendencies, anemia, severe weight loss and debilitation, ocular and neurologic signs. There is no vaccine currently available, so tick control measures are important for disease prevention. Information provided by:

16 Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (RMSF) occurs in many areas of the United States, but despite the name, it is most commonly seen east of the Mississippi River, especially in the southeastern U.S. The organism causes a wide variety of clinical signs including fever, anorexia, depression, vomiting, diarrhea, muscle pain, polyarthritis, neurological signs, epistaxis (nose-bleeds), cutaneous hemorrhages and death. There is no vaccine against RMSF so minimizing tick so tick control measures are important for disease prevention Information provided by:

17 Canine Anaplasmosis Canine Anaplasmosis is found in areas endemic for those tick species with high prevalence reported in California, Minnesota, Wisconsin and many New England states, and occurs in dogs, horses, humans and other animals. Clinical signs of disease include fever, lethargy, low lymphocyte count (lymphopenia) and low platelet count (thrombocytopenia). There is no vaccine against this disease so tick control measures are again critical to disease prevention. Information provided by:

18 Canine Babesiosis Canine Babesiosis is a disease transmitted by ticks. The disease organism infects and replicates in red blood cells causing immune mediated reactions leading to hemolytic anemia and hemoglobinuria (blood pigments in urine). If not treated, the dog will develop icterus (yellowing of the skin), and enlargement of the spleen and lymph nodes. Severe anemia can develop leading to diffuse intravascular coagulation, renal failure and death. Tick control is important in disease prevention. Information provided by:

19 Safe Tick Removal Photo provided by: extension.entm.purdue.edu

20 Tick Control Guidelines Regular monthly application of tick control Monthly, year round, application provides the greatest level of protection against the risk of tick infestation and associated tick-borne disease transmission in dogs. Often, pets encounter a very large number of ticks in a short period of time. Use year-round Tick questing patterns can change based on seasonal temperature fluctuations, and some adult ticks can survive through winter snow. Use a product that both repels and kills ticks Preventing attachment and feeding of ticks helps reduce the risk of disease transmission. Environmental control In cases of severe infestations of a yard, environmental control may be a consideration. Use environmental control products according to label directions. Information provided by: Bayer Animal Health

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22 Vectra 3D Quick onset of activity within 2 hours; kills fleas in 6 hours Prevents the development of fleas, flea eggs, larvae and pupae for one month Convenient topical treatment with patented applicator Quick drying, non-greasy and water resistant Repels and kills for one month Fleas, ticks, mosquitoes, sand flies, mites, biting & sucking lice Photo provided by: alldogblog.com

23 Frontline Plus Fast-acting Waterproof Aids in the control of sarcoptic mange infestations Kills for one month fleas, flea eggs, ticks & chewing lice Photo provided by: frontlineplusdog.org

24 Revolution Kills adult fleas and prevents flea eggs from hatching for one month Prevents and controls flea infestations Prevents heartworm disease Treats and controls ear mite infestations Controls American dog tick infestations Photo provided by: vetwebdesigners.com


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