Presentation on theme: "The Secret Lives of Honey Bees Apis mellifera Anatomy, Biology, and the Hive."— Presentation transcript:
The Secret Lives of Honey Bees Apis mellifera Anatomy, Biology, and the Hive
Honey Bee External Anatomy Three Body Regions –Head, Thorax, and Abdomen
Head Compound Eyes Three Ocelli –Simple Eyes Antennae –Respond to Touch & Odor Mandibles Proboscis –Lapping up Nectar & Other Fine Particles
Also in UV
Thorax Point of Attachment for –Six Legs –Two Pairs of Wings
Abdomen Spiracles for Breathing Stinger/Ovipositor (Workers & Queen) Male Bees (Drones) do not have a stinger
Nasonov Gland “Come Hither” Pheromone Released by Worker Bees to Signal entrance of hive or mark flowers
Honey Bee Biology
Workers, Drones, & Queen
Worker Bees (Are all Female) Worker Bee Life Cycle –Hatching of egg: 3 Days –Larva stage (Feeding): 5 days –Pupa stage: 13 days –From Egg to Adult: 21 days
Drones Mate with virgin queen. Die after mating ~ 17 Drones may mate with Queen during her mating flight. Get “kicked out” of hive in winter.
Queen Mature female that received abundant amounts of royal jelly while as larva Can live 2 – 4 years Can lay up to 2,000 eggs per day during spring build up.
Metamorphosis of Queen Bee –Egg hatches on Day 3 –Larva (several moltings)Day 3 to Day 8½ –Queen cell capped~ Day 7½ –Pupa~ Day 8 until emergence –Emergence~Day 15½ - Day 17 –Nuptial Flight(s)~Day 20 – 24 –Egg Laying~Day 23 and up
Swarming Eventually, the worker bees decide that the queen has become too old or damaged Or that the hive is physically too small So… They decide to make a new queen(s)