Presentation on theme: "Food Chains & Food Webs D. Crowley, 2008 Food Chains & Food Webs To understand food chains and food webs, and the transfer of energy within these Saturday,"— Presentation transcript:
Food Chains & Food Webs To understand food chains and food webs, and the transfer of energy within these Saturday, April 18, 2015
Food Chains What is a food chain? A food chain shows what is eaten by what – each arrow means ‘eaten by’ E.g. rabbit fox means the rabbit is eaten by the fox
Food Chains What is the food chain in the following habitat: -
Food Chains This food chain shows a leaf is eaten by a caterpillar, which is eaten by a bird, which is eaten by a cat Why do the organisms eat one another? Energy is transferred from one organism to another, in the direction of the arrow Producer1° Consumer (Herbivore) 2° Consumer (Carnivore) 3° Consumer (Carnivore)
Energy Food chains are never very long (usually only 4/5 stages at most) – why is this? Remember the arrow shows the energy being transferred from one organism to the next - between each step energy is lost in a variety of ways, including: - – Growth of the organism – Reproductive costs – Lost through waste products (poo) – Lost through heat This is why food chains are never that long - as lots of energy is lost from one stage to the next
Food Chains Your task is to make 3 food chains consisting of at least 3/4 organisms in each – e.g. leaf caterpillar bird cat For each food chain draw out your animals, adding the key words: producer, consumer (1°; 2°; 3°) and if you can: herbivore, carnivore or omnivore Once you have done this complete a food chain for your favourite celebrity / sports person / musician / actor etc… with a paragraph underneath explaining how they live based on this food chain
Food Webs In most habitats organisms normally eat / are eaten by more than one other organism To represent this we use food webs (like food chains but they interlink with one another), e.g. a pond Here the producers are the pondweed and the microscopic algae Mayfly nymphs eat the pondweed and microscopic algae, and freshwater shrimp eat the microscopic algae Dragonfly nymphs and brown trout eat the mayfly nymphs and freshwater shrimp Brown trout also eat the dragonfly nymph!
Food Webs You have 5 minutes to have an answer to every question (you do not need to write your answers down): - 1.Name the producer 2.Name 2 herbivores 3.Name 2 top carnivores 4.How many 2° consumers are there? 5.Which food chains include a moth larva 1.Plants 2.Vole; moth larva; aphid 3.Stoat; owl 4.5 - stoat; spider; ladybird; blue tit; owl 5.Blue and orange food chain
Key terms Producer - utilise the sun’s energy to produce their own food, e.g. plants and algae Consumer - organisms that require eating other organisms for their energy supply. These can be primary consumers which eat the producers; secondary consumers which eat the primary consumers; or tertiary consumers which eat the secondary consumers etc… Carnivore - an organism that eats other consumers, e.g. lion Herbivore - an organism that eats other producers (plants), e.g. cow Omnivore - an organism that eats both producers and consumers, e.g. human
Carnivore, Herbivore Or Omnivore? Are the following carnivores, herbivores or omnivores?
Carnivore, Herbivore Or Omnivore? Are the following carnivores, herbivores or omnivores? CarnivoreHerbivore Omnivore Carnivore Herbivore Omnivore
Food Examples Complete the food chains and food webs worksheet
Balance Populations in a food chain are dependent upon one another – there is a balance between the producers and consumers in the food chain For example if there are lots of giraffes they will eat a large quantity of the trees and shrubs until there may be insufficient amounts to support them. If this is the case many will begin to starve and die. Fewer giraffes means less food for lions, which will eventually see a population decrease. Less giraffes will allow more shrubs and tress to survive, so the giraffe population recovers, leading to the lion population recovering, until the process repeats itself…