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1 The story behind the numbers: what makes World Bank databases the standard for development data Valentina Kalk November 27, 2006.

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Presentation on theme: "1 The story behind the numbers: what makes World Bank databases the standard for development data Valentina Kalk November 27, 2006."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 The story behind the numbers: what makes World Bank databases the standard for development data Valentina Kalk November 27, 2006

2 2 The World Bank is a major user and producer of development statistics. As part of its mandate, the Bank: –Collects, compiles and disseminates data for operational and research work –Reviews data and statistical methods to ensure their quality and integrity –Works with partners to improve the statistical capacity of developing countries Development Statistics

3 3 Statistics –Enable sound policy decisions –Guide investment for growth –Help to ensure markets operate efficiently –Help answer important development-related questions –Help define achievable goals and effective, outcome- based strategies –Highlight the need to modify programs or re-direct resources –Monitor development progress Development Statistics

4 4 –Invests in statistical activities –Creates and implements standards and frameworks for data –Compiles datasets –Raises awareness of the value of statistics in the development community (advocacy) The World Bank Development Data Group

5 5 Three groups –Data for Global Monitoring Assembles the World Bank’s development database Produces the World Development Indicators Maintains specialized sectoral databases –Statistical Development and Partnership Manages the Debtor Reporting System Publishes external debt data (Global Development Finance) Collects macroeconomic data from World Bank staff, international organizations, and country sources Review data for consistency Works with countries to improve their statistical capacity Raises awareness of the value of statistics in the development community (advocacy) –Systems Upgrade Team Develops and maintains systems needed to support the other groups and make access easy to others The World Bank Development Data Group

6 6 Macroeconomic and financial data –Collected from national statistical organizations and central banks –Where official data are not available, Bank or IMF estimates are used –Data are used to determine eligibility and lending terms for Bank loans GNI per capita: data is collected from country units and reviewed for cross-country comparability. Resulting figures are distributed to regional VPs for review and to the Bank’s Board of Executive Directors for approval Measuring Development Progress

7 7 External Debt Data –Debtor Reporting System (DRS) Sole repository for external debt statistics of the 136 borrowing or guaranteeing member countries Need to assess a borrowing country’s foreign debt, debt servicing capacity, creditworthiness, and debt management; regional and global indebtedness. GDF, Little Book on External Debt –Joint External Debt Hub (JEDH) A product of the Inter-Agency Task Force on Finance Statistics External debt data and selected foreign assets from international and national sources of developed, developing and transition countries Measuring Development Progress

8 8 Trade and Investment Climate Data –World Integrated Trade Solution (WITS) A product of the Bank and UNCTAD Allows retrieval of bilateral trade data based on various commodity classifications Based on the UN Statistics Division’s commodity trade databases Provides access to tariff rates and non-tariff barriers from UNCTAD and tariff schedules from the WTO –Investment Climate Survey Provides analysis and advice to countries considering reforms Uses a standardizes questionnaire to collect data from private firms Survey quantifies obstacles and their impact on firms’ productivity, employment, and investment –Doing Business Database Provides indicators of the cost of doing business by identifying regulations that enhance or constrain business investment, productivity and growth Measuring Development Progress

9 9 Infrastructure Data –Urban –Information and Communications Technology –Transport Poverty Data –PovcalNet Environment Data –Little Green Data Book Human Development –EdStats (Education) –HNPStats (Health, nutrition and population) –GenderStats Measuring Development Progress

10 10 Millennium Development Goals –Eight specific and measurable goals –Agreed by world leaders in 2000 –To be achieved by 2015 –Millennium Declaration in 2005 –The Bank works closely with the UN and other international agencies to maintain data and metadata sets covering all MDG indicators (18 quantifiable targets, 48 indicators) Data Monitoring

11 11 Millennium Development Goals –Goal 1: Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger –Goal 2: Achieve universal primary education –Goal 3: Promote gender equality and empower women –Goal 4: Reduce child mortality –Goal 5: Improve maternal health –Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS and malaria –Goal 7: Ensure environmental sustainability –Goal 8: Develop a global partnership for development Data Monitoring

12 12 The Bank works with the international statistical community by: –Participating in the UN Statistical Commission and other statistical forums to develop standards of good practice, frameworks and guidance –Building consensus and defining internationally agreed indicators (e.g. the MDGs) –Establishing data exchange processes and methods –Assemblying, analyzing and disseminating data un use-friendly publications –Working to help countries improve statistical capacity –Supporting programs to collect transnational data Partnering with the international statistical system

13 13 –Marrakech Action Plan for Statistics –International Comparison Program –Paris 21 –Reference Regional Strategic Framework – Africa –Inter-Agency Task Force on Finance Statistics Partnering with the international statistical system

14 14 WDI Online Premier source for social and economic data Database on social, economic, financial, natural resources, and environmental indicators. Time series data from indicators, over 200 countries, and 18 regional and income groups Data updated annually in April

15 15 WDI Online Population and Demographics Poverty and Income Distribution Energy Production and Use Urbanization National Accounts Environment Purchasing Power Parity Trade Full list of indicators - External Debt Tax and Trade Policies Military Expenditures Transportation Development Assistance and Aid Information Technology Education and Health Travel and Tourism

16 16 GDF Online Premier source for financial data Unique database on external debt and financial flow data for 136 countries Time series for 217 indicators from 1970 Indicators include –external debt stocks and flows, major economic aggregates, key debt ratios, average terms of new commitments, currency composition of long-term debt, debt restructurings, scheduled debt service projections Data updated annually in January

17 17 GDF Online Total Debt Stocks Total Debt Flows Resource Flows Long-term Debt Principal Repayments Interest Payments Disbursements Full list of indicators - Restructurings Net Transfers on Debt Debt Service Net Flows Total Debt Service Debt Ratios Average Terms on New Commitments

18 18 New Features of WDI/GDF Online Multi-language interface English, Spanish, French, Russian, Portuguese, Chinese, Arabic Different charting options choose between 10 different chart types New mapping feature see data on the world map Beta -

19 19 WDI/GDF Online Step 1: select countries Multi-Lingual Interface

20 20 New Features of WDI/GDF Online Step 1: select countries Multi-Lingual Interface

21 21 WDI/GDF Online Step 2: select indicators

22 22 Multiple Orientation and Scaling Options

23 23 Multiple Orientation and Scaling Options Multiple Charting Options

24 24 Multiple Orientation and Scaling Options Multiple Charting Options

25 25 MAPS (select series + year within your list of countries)

26 26 A non-statistical reference: The World Bank e-Library An electronic collection of World Bank publications Launched in May 2003 Includes 4,500 + full-text titles –backlist + current and forthcoming titles –Over 2,000 formal titles and over 2,500 policy research working papers Indexed and fully searchable content Powered by Ingenta

27 27 World Bank e-Library features COUNTER-compliant usage statistics TOC alerts –Subscribe at the e-Library home page and receive an every time a new title is uploaded RSS Feeds METADATA and MARC Records Reference linking to external sources Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs)

28 28 World Bank e-Library Today’s e-Library

29 29 Browse all titles in alphabetical order Select the portalSimple search Advanced search

30 30 Simple Search

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36 36 Narrow down your selection

37 37

38 38 World Bank e-Library Tomorrow’s e-Library

39 39 World Bank e-Library Tomorrow’s e-Library

40 40 The New World Bank e-Library E-Library team currently working with Ingenta on development of new platform, planned for beta launch at the end of 2006 Current stage: Development of alpha version Goal: a more flexible platform with more content, enhanced search options, better metadata, and content displayed and usable by subscribers in more granular ways

41 41 The New World Bank e-Library More content: –Ability to host content with non-ISBN / ISSN identifiers Enhanced search options: –Refine your search (search within search) –Save your search –Sort results by various parameters –Ability to results to a friend

42 42 The New World Bank e-Library Better metadata –Metadata available at the chapter level –Additional metadata fields: country, sub-categories… Content format –E-books viewable in their entirety or by chapter –Customized book packages (ability for users to create their own e-books dynamically from selected World Bank chapters) Better linking and referencing –Who are we citing? Who cites us?

43 43 Useful Links World Bank Online Resources: e-Library: WDI Online: GDF Online: Doing Business Database: World Bank Publications:

44 44 Useful Contacts For further details or questions, please


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