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1 Acquisition of Assets TEXT CHAP 10 TEXT CHAP 10.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Acquisition of Assets TEXT CHAP 10 TEXT CHAP 10."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Acquisition of Assets TEXT CHAP 10 TEXT CHAP 10

2 2 Objectives nPrepare the entries in the acquiring company for the acquisition of assets

3 3 Applicable accounting standards nAASB 1015 Acquisition of Assets nAASB 1013 Accounting for Goodwill

4 4 Acquisition of Assets nSingle asset nSet of Assets nAcquisition of an entity (collection of net assets)

5 5 Acquisition of an entity n A company is allowed to acquire the net assets of another company and is also allowed to indirectly acquire the net assets by purchasing the shares of another company nTheir are 4 principal forms of acquisition of net assets of a company

6 6 Four principal forms of acquisition of an entity nA Ltd purchases the net assets of B Ltd. B Ltd continues with its assets and liabilities replaced with purchase consideration nA Ltd acquires the net assets of B Ltd. B Ltd liquidates nC Ltd is formed to acquire the net assets of A Ltd & B Ltd. Both A Ltd & B Ltd are liquidated nA Ltd acquires the issued shares of B Ltd, B Ltd continues with its shares owned by A Ltd

7 7 Acquisition of Assets nAccounting entries for acquisition –cost of acquisition ie Assets given up –fair value of assets acquired –in the case of purchase of an entity whether goodwill/discount on acquisition AASB 1013

8 8 Cost of acquisition nThe cost of acquisition consists of the purchase consideration & any incidental costs incurred nThe purchase consideration is rarely in a single form usually it consists cash, shares and other assets (e.g. Land & Buildings) n These assets given up as per AASB 1015 must be valued at their fair value

9 9 Fair Value of Assets Given Up nCash - normally equivalent but if settlement date deferred - discount to present value nNon-monetary assets –e.g. Land & Buildings (valued by use of experts) nSecurities –listed companies (current market price) –unlisted (various techniques but may have to use a surrogate eg fair value of assets acquired) nLiabilities –Present value of future amount nAcquisition Date –Important -(date rights & obligations exchange)

10 10 Accounting entries nSingle asset –entry recorded at the cost of acquisition nSet of asset –Where the asset consists of more than one asset then the cost of the asset is apportioned over the assets acquired. –The process is to allocate in proportion to fair values of assets acquired eg Purchased for $ Land FV Land FV Buildings FV Buildings FV Furniture FV Furniture FV $ $

11 11 Accounting entries nSingle asset –entry recorded at the cost of acquisition nSet of asset –Where the asset consists of more than one asset then the cost of the asset is apportioned over the assets acquired. –The process is to allocate in portion to fair values of assets acquired eg Purchased for $ Land FV Land FV Buildings FV Buildings FV Furniture FV Furniture FV $ $ Entry Dr Land (40/320*300) Dr Blgds (200/320*300) Dr Furn (80/320*300) Cr Cash

12 12 Accounting requirements Acquisition of an entity Assets acquired $ x (fair values) Assets acquired $ x (fair values) less:: less:: Cost of acquisition $ x (fair values of Cost of acquisition $ x (fair values of assets given up) assets given up) Difference $ x (goodwill or Difference $ x (goodwill or discount on acquisition ) discount on acquisition ) (AASB 1013 ACCOUNTING FOR GOODWILL)

13 13 Accounting entries nentry:: Dr Assets acquired (at their fair values) CR Liabilities (acquired) Dr Goodwill Cr Share Capital (shares given up) Cr Share Capital (shares given up)

14 14 AASB 1013 Accounting for Goodwill nGoodwill –has to be written off using straight line method over 20 years or at director’s discretion provided less than 20 years nDiscount on acquisition –is to be written off the non-monetary assets in proportion to their fair values non-monetary assets not defined but non-monetary assets not defined but –monetary assets as per AASB 1010 cash & receivables –Therefore allocate against assets other than cash & receivables

15 15Example PAID UP CAPITAL $1 36,000 RETAINED PROFITS 21,500 EQUIPMENT 42,000 ACC. DEPRECIATION 10,000 INVENTORY 18,000 DEBTORS 10,000 BILLS RECEIVABLE 6,000 PATENTS 3,500 DEBENTURES 4,000 CREDITORS 8,000 $79,500 $79,500 $79,500 $79,500 RABBIT LTD TRIAL BALANCE AS AT 1/1/92 RABBIT LTD TRIAL BALANCE AS AT 1/1/92 ASSUME:: *WOLF LTD TAKES OVER NET ASSETS OF RABBIT LTD *COSTS WOLF LTD $2050 *SHAREHOLDERS TO RECEIVE I SHARE FOR EVERY 1 SHARE HELD (M.V. $2) *DEBENTURE HOLDERS TO BE PAID IN CASH +2%

16 16Example PAID UP CAPITAL $1 36,000 RETAINED PROFITS 21,500 EQUIPMENT 42,000 ACC. DEPRECIATION 10,000 INVENTORY 18,000 DEBTORS 10,000 BILLS RECEIVABLE 6,000 PATENTS 3,500 DEBENTURES 4,000 CREDITORS 8,000 $79,500 $79,500 $79,500 $79,500 RABBIT LTD TRIAL BALANCE AS AT 1/1/92 RABBIT LTD TRIAL BALANCE AS AT 1/1/92 ASSUME:: *WOLF LTD TAKES OVER NET ASSETS OF RABBIT LTD *COSTS WOLF LTD $2050 *SHAREHOLDERS TO RECEIVE I SHARE FOR EVERY 1 SHARE HELD (M.V. $2) *DEBENTURE HOLDERS TO BE PAID IN CASH +2% COST OF ACQUISITION CASH:: COSTS 2,050 DEBENTURES 4,080 SHARES(36,000* $2) 72,000 $78,130 (also have to pay the GST ignored for our examples)

17 17EXAMPLE PAID UP CAPITAL $1 36,000 RETAINED PROFITS 21,500 EQUIPMENT 42,000 ACC. DEPRECIATION 10,000 INVENTORY 18,000 DEBTORS 10,000 BILLS RECEIVABLE 6,000 PATENTS 3,500 DEBENTURES 4,000 CREDITORS 8,000 $79,500 $79,500 $79,500 $79,500 RABBIT LTD TRIAL BALANCE AS AT 1/1/92 RABBIT LTD TRIAL BALANCE AS AT 1/1/92 COST $78,130 ASSUME FAIR VALUE ASSETS ACQUIRED:: EQUIPMENT 36,000 INVENTORY 20,000 DEBTORS 9,000 PATENTS 4,000 BILLS REC. 6,000 CREDITORS (8,000) $67,000 COST $78,130 ASSUME FAIR VALUE ASSETS ACQUIRED:: EQUIPMENT 36,000 INVENTORY 20,000 DEBTORS 9,000 PATENTS 4,000 BILLS REC. 6,000 CREDITORS (8,000) $67,000

18 18EXAMPLE PAID UP CAPITAL $1 36,000 RETAINED PROFITS 21,500 EQUIPMENT 42,000 ACC. DEPRECIATION 10,000 INVENTORY 18,000 DEBTORS 10,000 BILLS RECEIVABLE 6,000 PATENTS 3,500 DEBENTURES 4,000 CREDITORS 8,000 $79,500 $79,500 $79,500 $79,500 RABBIT LTD TRIAL BALANCE AS AT 1/1/92 RABBIT LTD TRIAL BALANCE AS AT 1/1/92 COST $78,130 ASSUME FAIR VALUE ASSETS ACQUIRED:: EQUIPMENT 36,000 INVENTORY 20,000 DEBTORS 9,000 PATENTS 4,000 BILLS REC. 6,000 CREDITORS (8,000) $67,000 COST $78,130 ASSUME FAIR VALUE ASSETS ACQUIRED:: EQUIPMENT 36,000 INVENTORY 20,000 DEBTORS 9,000 PATENTS 4,000 BILLS REC. 6,000 CREDITORS (8,000) $67,000 ASSETS ACQUIRED 67,000 COST 78,130 CASH 6,130 SHARES (36,000 *$2) GOODWILL $11,130

19 19EXAMPLE PAID UP CAPITAL $1 36,000 RETAINED PROFITS 21,500 EQUIPMENT 42,000 ACC. DEPRECIATION 10,000 INVENTORY 18,000 DEBTORS 10,000 BILLS RECEIVABLE 6,000 PATENTS 3,500 DEBENTURES 4,000 CREDITORS 8,000 $79,500 $79,500 $79,500 $79,500 RABBIT LTD TRIAL BALANCE AS AT 1/1/92 RABBIT LTD TRIAL BALANCE AS AT 1/1/92 COST $78,130 ASSUME FAIR VALUE ASSETS ACQUIRED:: EQUIPMENT 36,000 INVENTORY 20,000 DEBTORS 9,000 PATENTS 4,000 BILLS REC. 6,000 CREDITORS (8,000) $67,000 COST $78,130 ASSUME FAIR VALUE ASSETS ACQUIRED:: EQUIPMENT 36,000 INVENTORY 20,000 DEBTORS 9,000 PATENTS 4,000 BILLS REC. 6,000 CREDITORS (8,000) $67,000 ASSETS ACQUIRED 67,000 COST 78,130 CASH 6,130 SHARES (36,000 *$2) GOODWILL $11,130 GOODWILL EXAMPLE:::entry DR EQUIPMENT 36,000 DR INVENTORY 20,000 DR DEBTORS 10,000 CR PROV D, DEBTS 1,000 DR PATENTS 4,000 DR BILLS REC 6,000 DR GOODWILL 11,130 CR CREDITORS 8,000 CR RABBIT LTD 72,000 CR CASH 6,130 DR RABBIT LTD 72,000 CR SHARE CAPITAL

20 20 Amortisation of Goodwill nGoodwill- $ –Assume that the goodwill is written off over 10 years n Journal Entry Dr Amortisation of Goodwill CR Goodwill CR Goodwill (or Provision for Goodwill) (or Provision for Goodwill) n Balance Sheet Intangibles (Note x) Intangibles (Note x)

21 21EXAMPLE PAID UP CAPITAL $1 36,000 RETAINED PROFITS 21,500 EQUIPMENT 42,000 ACC. DEPRECIATION 10,000 INVENTORY 18,000 DEBTORS 10,000 BILLS RECEIVABLE 6,000 PATENTS 3,500 DEBENTURES 4,000 CREDITORS 8,000 $79,500 $79,500 $79,500 $79,500 RABBIT LTD TRIAL BALANCE AS AT 1/1/92 RABBIT LTD TRIAL BALANCE AS AT 1/1/92 COST $78,130 ASSUME FAIR VALUE ASSETS ACQUIRED:: EQUIPMENT 45,000 INVENTORY 25,000 DEBTORS 9,000 PATENTS 5,000 BILLS REC. 6,000 CREDITORS (8,000) $82,000 COST $78,130 ASSUME FAIR VALUE ASSETS ACQUIRED:: EQUIPMENT 45,000 INVENTORY 25,000 DEBTORS 9,000 PATENTS 5,000 BILLS REC. 6,000 CREDITORS (8,000) $82,000 DISCOUNT EXAMPLE DISCOUNT EXAMPLE

22 22EXAMPLE PAID UP CAPITAL $1 36,000 RETAINED PROFITS 21,500 EQUIPMENT 42,000 ACC. DEPRECIATION 10,000 INVENTORY 18,000 DEBTORS 10,000 BILLS RECEIVABLE 6,000 PATENTS 3,500 DEBENTURES 4,000 CREDITORS 8,000 $79,500 $79,500 $79,500 $79,500 RABBIT LTD TRIAL BALANCE AS AT 1/1/92 RABBIT LTD TRIAL BALANCE AS AT 1/1/92 COST $78,130 ASSUME FAIR VALUE ASSETS ACQUIRED:: EQUIPMENT 45,000 INVENTORY 25,000 DEBTORS 9,000 PATENTS 5,000 BILLS REC. 6,000 CREDITORS (8,000) $82,000 COST $78,130 ASSUME FAIR VALUE ASSETS ACQUIRED:: EQUIPMENT 45,000 INVENTORY 25,000 DEBTORS 9,000 PATENTS 5,000 BILLS REC. 6,000 CREDITORS (8,000) $82,000 ASSETS ACQUIRED 82,000 COST 78,130 CASH 6,130 SHARES (36,000 *$2) DISCOUNT $3.870

23 23EXAMPLE PAID UP CAPITAL $1 36,000 RETAINED PROFITS 21,500 EQUIPMENT 42,000 ACC. DEPRECIATION 10,000 INVENTORY 18,000 DEBTORS 10,000 BILLS RECEIVABLE 6,000 PATENTS 3,500 DEBENTURES 4,000 CREDITORS 8,000 $79,500 $79,500 $79,500 $79,500 RABBIT LTD TRIAL BALANCE AS AT 1/1/92 RABBIT LTD TRIAL BALANCE AS AT 1/1/92 COST $78,130 ASSUME FAIR VALUE ASSETS ACQUIRED:: EQUIPMENT 45,000 INVENTORY 25,000 DEBTORS 9,000 PATENTS 5,000 BILLS REC. 6,000 CREDITORS (8,000) $82,000 COST $78,130 ASSUME FAIR VALUE ASSETS ACQUIRED:: EQUIPMENT 45,000 INVENTORY 25,000 DEBTORS 9,000 PATENTS 5,000 BILLS REC. 6,000 CREDITORS (8,000) $82,000 ASSETS ACQUIRED 82,000 COST 78,130 CASH 6,130 SHARES (36,000 *$2) DISCOUNT $3.870 ASSETS ACQUIRED 82,000 COST 78,130 CASH 6,130 SHARES (36,000 *$2) DISCOUNT $3.870 DISCOUNT:: NON-M F.V. ALLOCATION COST EQUIP 45,000 2,322 (45/75) 42,678 INVENT 25,000 1,290 (25/75) 23,710 PATENTS 5, ( 5/75) 4, $75,000 $3,870 $71,130 DR EQUIP 42,678 DR INVENT 23,710 DR PATENTS 4,742 DR BILLS REC 6,000 DR DEBTORS 10,000 CR PROV D. DEBTS 1,000 CR CREDITORS 8,000 CR CASH 6,130 CR RABBIT LTD 72,000 DISCOUNT:: NON-M F.V. ALLOCATION COST EQUIP 45,000 2,322 (45/75) 42,678 INVENT 25,000 1,290 (25/75) 23,710 PATENTS 5, ( 5/75) 4, $75,000 $3,870 $71,130 DR EQUIP 42,678 DR INVENT 23,710 DR PATENTS 4,742 DR BILLS REC 6,000 DR DEBTORS 10,000 CR PROV D. DEBTS 1,000 CR CREDITORS 8,000 CR CASH 6,130 CR RABBIT LTD 72,000

24 24 Buying Company Purchases the Shares nWhere the buying company purchases the net assets of another company indirectly by purchasing the issued shares of that company entries –in selling company nil entries – - in the buying company –DR INVESTMENT CR SHARE CAPITAL CR SHARE CAPITAL

25 25 Tutorial Questions Exercise 10.2 (Part B only) Exercise 10.3 Exercise 10.4 ( Amend ARR $ ) ( Amend ARR $ ) Problem 10.1 (Part A only) Problem 10.5 (parts B & C only)


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