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HCI 특론 (2007 Fall) Course Overview. 2 UI Hall of Fame or Hall of Shame?

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Presentation on theme: "HCI 특론 (2007 Fall) Course Overview. 2 UI Hall of Fame or Hall of Shame?"— Presentation transcript:

1 HCI 특론 (2007 Fall) Course Overview

2 2 UI Hall of Fame or Hall of Shame?

3 3

4 4 Hall of Shame! Doesn’t help user accomplish their task –why did they come to the site? Takes too long –most visitors will leave & never return May be valid for entertainment, art, or branding sites

5 5 Hall of Fame or Shame? Page setup for printing in IE5

6 6 Hall of Shame! Page setup for printing in IE5 Problems –codes for header & footer information requires recall! want recognition no equivalent GUI –help is the way to find out, but not obvious

7 7 Goals of the Course 1) Learn to design, prototype, & evaluate UIs –the needs & tasks of prospective users –cognitive/perceptual constraints that affect design –technology & techniques used to prototype UIs –techniques for evaluating a user interface design –importance of iterative design for usability –how to work together on a team project –communicate your results to a group key to your future success 2) Understand where technology is going & what UIs of the future might be like

8 8 Course Format Interactive lectures Term project & homeworks Online materials –schedule, slides, exercises, readings –http://mm.sookmyung.ac.kr/~sblim ( 참조 ) Have fun & participate!

9 9 How HCI Fits into CS/MM Curriculum Most courses for learning technology –programming, multimedia systems, database, etc. HCI concerned w/ UI design & evaluation –technology as a tool to evaluate via prototyping –skills will become very important complex systems, large teams

10 10 Books Lecture Notes & Textbook – 강의노트 (ppt file) : 내 홈페이지 U. Washington J. Landay 교수 강좌 참조 – 인간과 컴퓨터의 상호작용, 김희철 저, 사이텍미디어, 2006 전체 필독 –The Design of Sites: A Pattern Language for the Web, 2nd edition, D. Van Duyne, J. Landay, J. Hong, Prentice Hall, 2006 필요부분 발췌

11 11 Books Recommended books –Human-Computer Interaction, 3rd edition, Alan J. Dix, et. al., Prentice Hall, 2004 –Designing The User Interface: Strategies for Effective Human-Computer Interaction, 4th ed., Ben Shneiderman and C. Plaisant, Addison- Wesley, 2005 –Interaction Design: beyond human-computer interaction, 2nd edition, H. Sharp, Y. Rogers and J. Preece, John Wiley & Sons, 2007 –Human Computer Interaction 개론, 김진우 저, 안그라픽스, 2005

12 12 Project Description Each of you will propose an interface idea –fixing something you don’t like or a new idea Groups –2 students to a group –work with students w/ different skills/interests –groups meet with lecturer every 2 weeks Cumulative –apply several HCI methods to a single interface

13 13 Grading A combination of –midterm & final (30%) –individual assignments (20%) –group project (40%) demos/presentation (group component) project write-ups and exercises ratings given by other team members & class –in class participation (10%)

14 14 Summary Project proposal idea Next lecture on –Introduction of HCI –History of HCI Read – 인간과 컴퓨터의 상호작용, 1&2 장

15 HCI 특론 (2007 Fall) Introduction of HCI

16 16 Computer –the machine the program runs on –often split between clients & servers Human-Computer Interaction (HCI) Human –the end-user of a program –the others in the organization Interaction –the user tells the computer what they want –the computer communicates results

17 17 HCI Approach to UI Design Design Organizational & Social Issues Technology Humans Tasks

18 18 Factors Influence Each Other “Now that mice are included with most computers, applications assume a mouse will be used as a the pointing device” Design Organizational & Social Issues TechnologyHumans Tasks

19 19 Factors Influence Each Other Design Organizational & Social Issues Technology Humans Tasks “People change their knowledge as they perform, i.e., they learn”

20 20 User Interfaces (UIs) Part of application that allows people –to interact with computer –to carry out their task User vs. Customer vs. Client –user is a term only used by 2 industries  bad! –customer – person who will use the product you build –client – the company who is paying you to build it HCI = design, prototyping, evaluation, & implementation of UIs

21 21 Why is HCI Important? Major part of work for “real” programs –approximately 50% Bad user interfaces cost –money 5%  satisfaction  up to 85%  profits finding problems early makes them easier to fix –reputation of organization (e.g., brand loyalty) –lives (Therac-25) User interfaces hard to get right –people are unpredictable –intuition of designers often wrong

22 22 Who Builds UIs? A team of specialists (ideally) –graphic designers –interaction / interface designers –information architects –technical writers –marketers –test engineers –usability engineers –software engineers –users

23 23 How to Design and Build UIs UI Development process Usability goals User-centered design Task analysis & contextual inquiry Rapid prototyping Evaluation Programming

24 24 User Interface Development Process Design Exploration EvaluateExecute Proposal: Demos/ Lo Fi Prototypes (How) Work together to realize the design in detail. Evaluate with Customers Design Discovery Customers, Products, Business, Marketing Customers, Products, Business, Marketing Customers, Products, Business, Marketing Design Definition: - Design Problem Statement - Targeted User Roles (Who) - Targeted User Tasks (What) - Design Direction Statements Specification: Hi Fidelity, Refined Design - Based on customer feedback - Foundation in product reality - Refined Design description Storyboard Customers: - Roles (Who) - Tasks (What) - Context (Stories) Marketing: - Business Priorities - Messages Technology: - Products - Architecture Design: - Leading/competing technologies Review & Iterate based on slide by Sara Redpath, IBM & Thyra Trauch, Tivoli

25 25 Iteration - interface design cycle Design Prototype Evaluate At every stage!

26 26 Design Design is driven by requirements –what the artifact is for –not how it is to be implemented –e.g., PDA not as important as “mobile” app. A design represents the artifact –for UIs these representations include (?) screen sketches or storyboards flow diagrams/outline showing task structure executable prototypes –representations simplify Write essay start word processor write outline fill out outline Start word processor find word processor icon double click on icon Write outline write down high-level ideas.

27 27 Web Design Representations Site MapsStoryboards SchematicsMock-ups

28 28 Usability According to the ISO: The effectiveness, efficiency, and satisfaction with which specified users achieve specified goals in particular environments This does not mean you have to create a “dry” design or something that is only good for novices – it all depends on your goals

29 29 Usability Goals –Learnable faster the 2 nd time & so on –Memorable from session to session –Flexible multiple ways to accomplish tasks –Efficient perform tasks quickly –Robust minimal error rates good feedback so user can recover –Pleasing high user satisfaction –Fun Set goals early & later use to measure progress Goals often have tradeoffs, so prioritize Example goals

30 30 User-centered Design “Know thy User” Cognitive abilities –perception –physical manipulation –memory Organizational / job abilities Keep users involved throughout –developers working with target users –think of the world in users terms –not technology-centered/feature driven

31 31 Task Analysis & Contextual Inquiry Observe existing work practices Create examples and scenarios of actual use “Try-out”new ideas before building software ?

32 32 Rapid Prototyping Build a mock-up of design so you can test Low fidelity techniques –paper sketches –cut, copy, paste Interactive prototyping tools –HTML, Visual Basic, Flash, DENIM, etc. UI builders –Visual Studio.NET, JBuilder… Fantasy Basketball

33 33 ESP Evaluation Test with real users (participants) –w/ interactive prototype –low-fi with paper “computer” Build models –GOMS Low-cost techniques –expert evaluation –walkthroughs –online testing

34 34 Project Process Overview Project proposal (group) due on this week Project task analysis & “sketches” –i.e., rough proposals that can & will change –based on field work with ESM tool on phone In class presentations & critiques Low fidelity prototyping & user testing In class presentations & critiques Rapid prototype using tools & user test Heuristic evaluations (individual) Heuristic evaluation summary Final presentations & project fair with industry guests

35 35 Project Examples (cont.) SiteSketch –web page design –sketch-based

36 36 SiteSketch

37 37 Project Examples (cont.) Clothes Shopper –online shopping –knows your prefs & sizes

38 38 Clothes Shopper

39 39 Project Examples (cont.) Electronic book reader – take advantage of all the online texts on the net

40 40 Electronic Book Reader

41 41 Project Examples (cont.) Nutrition tracker

42 42 Nutrition Tracker

43 43 Project Examples (cont.) cUIzine –recipe tool for the home

44 44 cUIzine

45 45 Project Examples (cont.) Read WWW over phone –find structure in pages & build voice menus –navigation problem –cache common paths & reorder? PDA brainstorming tool –small portable computers in a group meeting (say Palm Pilots)

46 46 Project Examples (cont.) Runner’s training log –input daily workouts –reports –reminders PDA for shopping –scan in UPC & tells you whether a good price Home entertainment control -“no more remotes”

47 47 Total Entertainment Control

48 48 Project Examples (cont.) PDA Baseball score keeper –have stats of the players on your PDA –keep track of what happens during the game –upload stats after the game

49 49 PDA Baseball Scorekeeper

50 50 PalmStock

51 51 InkChat

52 52 Nutrition/Exercise Tracker

53 53 Trippin’

54 54 Traffic Monitor

55 55 Traffic Monitor

56 56 Traffic Monitor Alert icons Pan Zoom Map view presets (radio buttton metaphor) Center on driver Audible reports about alerts Volume Congestion Information (traffic light metaphor) Driver’s location

57 57 Otto: Location-based Photos

58 58 Bus Buddy

59 59 Bus Buddy


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