Presentation on theme: "Rights of employees and employers"— Presentation transcript:
1Rights of employees and employers Learning Objectives1. Recognise main legislation designed to protect employees and job applicants2. Know the rights and expectations of employees and employers
2IntroductionTo be successful, employees / employers need to know what is expected of themImportant - laid down in Acts of ParliamentNo one wants business to fail – common interest in achieving objectives
3Management “Must do’s” Management must make sure employees are:-Paid at the rate agreed in their contractProvided with a workplace which is healthy and safeTreated fairlyAppropriately trainedAble to join trade unions
4Management Expects:-Employees should work in accordance with their contractEmployees should cooperate in trying to achieve the objectives of the businessEmployees should follow health & safety regulations
5Employee / Employer responsibilities in “Contract of Employment.” Happy Shopper LtdContract of Employment between Happy Shopper Ltd and Lizzie Dripping.Happy Shopper Ltd (the employer) and Lizzie Dripping (the employee) are the two parties to this contract.Lizzie Dripping is employed as a senior supervisor by Happy Shopper Ltd.Duties: working in the main office of the employer, and supervision of office staff.Starting Date: 1st January 2006Hours of work: 37 hours per week, by arrangement. (Flexitime is in operation)Holidays: 20 working days per annumNotice required: 2 weeksSalary: £14,450 per annum, to be reviewed after one year.Pension Scheme: non-contributory pension schemeSummarise the main purpose of a contract of employment.List the information a contract of employment should contain
6Legislation (i.e. Law !)Legislation covers rights and responsibilities of employers and employees(NB – Only learn the main principles and how they affect employers/employees)Equal OpportunitiesData protection Act (1998)Computer misuse Act (1990)Copyright Designs and Patents Act (1989)Q. What do you think each of these Acts are for?Activity : Research one Act each. Present back (a) the “main aims” of each Act, and (b) how complying with the Act can help businesses be successful.
8Equal Pay Act 1983Where two employees are doing the same job both should get the same wage.Where two individuals job “grade” is the same (even if tasks are different– should get equal pay)Benefits?
9Sex Discrimination Act 1986 Equal treatment of sexes, including selection, availabilities for progression and training, benefits, dismissalIncludes sex discrimination – e.g. advertising a job for a man, and marriage discriminationBenefits?
10Race Relations Act 1976Protects racial minority groups from discriminationIncludes direct/indirect discrimination, and victimisationIllegal to discriminate by race, country of origin or ethnic originBenefits?
11Data Protection Act (1998) “The right to privacy” Data must only used for the reason it has been collectedData must not be passed on without consent (exemption- legal matters)Individuals have right to information about them- credit rating, criminal recordAll entities holding information must have appropriate security- firewalls/ training
12Data Protection Act (1988)Data must not be kept for longer than required.Data should not be transferred to other countries without permissionData collected must be for a lawful purpose
13Computer Misuse Act (1990)Illegal to gain access to unauthorised computer materialIllegal to gain unauthorised assess with intent to commit or aid further offencesIllegal to gain unauthorised assess and modify any computer materialCovers all computersThis law deals with “hackers” and those who plant viruses.
14Copyrights, Designs and Patents Act (1989) Criminal Offence to copy or steal software without permissionSoftware can only be run on a single machine unless right purchasedSets out length of copy writeE.g. Music copyright= 70 years
15Learning Objectives1. Recognise main legislation designed to protect employees and job applicants2. Know the rights and expectations of employees and employers