Presentation on theme: "Rights of employees and employers Learning Objectives 1. Recognise main legislation designed to protect employees and job applicants 2. Know the rights."— Presentation transcript:
Rights of employees and employers Learning Objectives 1. Recognise main legislation designed to protect employees and job applicants 2. Know the rights and expectations of employees and employers
Introduction To be successful, employees / employers need to know what is expected of them Important - laid down in Acts of Parliament No one wants business to fail – common interest in achieving objectives
Management “Must do’s” Management must make sure employees are:- Paid at the rate agreed in their contract Provided with a workplace which is healthy and safe Treated fairly Appropriately trained Able to join trade unions
Management Expects:- Employees should work in accordance with their contract Employees should cooperate in trying to achieve the objectives of the business Employees should follow health & safety regulations
Employee / Employer responsibilities in “Contract of Employment.” Contract of Employment Happy Shopper Ltd Contract of Employment between Happy Shopper Ltd and Lizzie Dripping. Happy Shopper Ltd (the employer) and Lizzie Dripping (the employee) are the two parties to this contract. Lizzie Dripping is employed as a senior supervisor by Happy Shopper Ltd. Duties: working in the main office of the employer, and supervision of office staff. Starting Date: 1 st January 2006 Hours of work: 37 hours per week, by arrangement. (Flexitime is in operation) Holidays: 20 working days per annum Notice required: 2 weeks Salary: £14,450 per annum, to be reviewed after one year. Pension Scheme: non-contributory pension scheme 1.Summarise the main purpose of a contract of employment. 2.List the information a contract of employment should contain
Legislation (i.e. Law !) Legislation covers rights and responsibilities of employers and employees (NB – Only learn the main principles and how they affect employers/employees) Equal Opportunities Data protection Act (1998) Computer misuse Act (1990) Copyright Designs and Patents Act (1989) Q. What do you think each of these Acts are for? Activity : Research one Act each. Present back (a) the “main aims” of each Act, and (b) how complying with the Act can help businesses be successful.
Equal Opportunities Equal Pay Sex Discrimination Race Discrimination
Equal Pay Act 1983 Where two employees are doing the same job both should get the same wage. Where two individuals job “grade” is the same (even if tasks are different– should get equal pay) Benefits?
Sex Discrimination Act 1986 Equal treatment of sexes, including selection, availabilities for progression and training, benefits, dismissal Includes sex discrimination – e.g. advertising a job for a man, and marriage discrimination Benefits?
Race Relations Act 1976 Protects racial minority groups from discrimination Includes direct/indirect discrimination, and victimisation Illegal to discriminate by race, country of origin or ethnic origin Benefits?
Data Protection Act (1998) “The right to privacy” Data must only used for the reason it has been collected Data must not be passed on without consent (exemption- legal matters) Individuals have right to information about them- credit rating, criminal record All entities holding information must have appropriate security- firewalls/ training
Data Protection Act (1988) Data must not be kept for longer than required. Data should not be transferred to other countries without permission Data collected must be for a lawful purpose
Computer Misuse Act (1990) Illegal to gain access to unauthorised computer material Illegal to gain unauthorised assess with intent to commit or aid further offences Illegal to gain unauthorised assess and modify any computer material Covers all computers This law deals with “hackers” and those who plant viruses.
Copyrights, Designs and Patents Act (1989) Criminal Offence to copy or steal software without permission Software can only be run on a single machine unless right purchased Sets out length of copy write E.g. Music copyright= 70 years
Learning Objectives 1. Recognise main legislation designed to protect employees and job applicants 2. Know the rights and expectations of employees and employers