Presentation on theme: "BGS Customer Relationship Management Chapter 8 Sales Strategy and CRM Chapter 8 Sales Strategy and CRM Thomson Publishing 2007 All Rights Reserved."— Presentation transcript:
BGS Customer Relationship Management Chapter 8 Sales Strategy and CRM Chapter 8 Sales Strategy and CRM Thomson Publishing 2007 All Rights Reserved
New Sales Challenges
The New Sales Challenge Sales forces are experiencing significant new challenges in the sales process: – Internal challenges include integrating: (SFA) tools Consistent use of CRM systems – External challenges include: Competitive environment Improving technologies New data resources
The Use of CRM CRM has been developed to meet the ever- evolving needs of sales Sales forces use CRM systems to deliver: – The right offer – To the right customers – At the right time
CRM and Sales A salesperson’s principle responsibility is to improve his or her business and relationship with his or her customer continually. – Today’s sales forces must record customer needs. – The single greatest impediment to effective CRM is the lack of sales force participation.
CRM and Sales Strategies There are several different selling strategies currently used based on the strengths of organizations. – Transactional selling – Consultive selling – Strategic selling – Partnership selling
Strategic Selling Example 3M uses this approach in its adhesive divisions with their windows and doors industry customers. – Invest significantly in providing technical resources for new customer new product development. – The key account representative must mobilize resources in 3M for the long term.
Who Executes these Sales Strategies? Same sales technique? – Boeing 787 – Wellbutrin XL (an antidepressant) – Crest toothpaste
Who Executes these Sales Strategies? Different skills are needed by: – Manufacturer’s representatives – Brokers – Direct salespeople – Inside telephone salespeople CRM system can help
CRM Benefits CRM provides salespeople with the ability to – Document customer needs quickly – Provide senior management exposure to customer problems – Direct other departments
Sales Challenges in Consumer Package Goods Sales is challenged with – Managing extensive customer relationships – Reacting to customer demands – Developing local promotional programs to achieve marketing objectives
Sales Challenges in Consumer Package Goods (CPG) What caused this organizational change for sales? – The introduction of scanner technology – Retailers were more aware of customer demand – Data collection system was faster and more accurate – New data created a new approach to customer management called frequent shopper or customer loyalty programs
Sales Challenges in Consumer Package Goods (CPG) Leveraging household data and running promotions are at the heart of the channel conflict between manufacturers and retailers. – Who will control the dollars and the message used to motivate households to purchase products? – Who makes decisions?
An Expansion of Sales and the CRM Mentality
The Selling Landscape The selling landscape today is filled with a variety of selling techniques: – SPIN Selling – Miller Heiman The time is right for us to consider selling as a buying management process
Sales Models and CRM Sales models today use fact-based selling Essential facts and compelling reasons to buy must be recorded in a CRM database – What if your sales representative leaves?
Commitment to Customer Management At its heart, CRM is a disciplined approach to customer management. – Successful CRM requires a clear commitment of the entire company to the process from the top down. – CRM is not technology dependent but rather a business framework for improving performance. Small companies with good knowledge of their customers, such as Dry Cleaning to Your Door, practice CRM without a sophisticated CRM system.
CRM and Customer Management Today, sales strategy is changing because of the need to serve larger and more influential customers more expeditiously. – CRM systems can provide a wealth of information previously unavailable. – CRM empowers sales to take more control of customer management. Account Specific Marketing Category management programs
Information Empowerment CRM is providing sales forces with the capability to monitor their business better. – The foundation for these capabilities is the acquisition of better information collected from a variety of customer touch points. – Sales collects and inputs the following buyer organization data: objectives motivations purchase cycles available budgets (open to buy) purchase authority buying-committee involvement
Information Empowerment – In addition, the salesperson is responsible for inputting: sales forecasts sales probabilities delivery specifics expected sale timing
Information Empowerment Today’s CRM systems provide for superior relationship management because information is more – accurate – timely – comprehensive CRM systems provide management with improved sales forecasts and better pipeline management to direct production
Information, Sales, and CRM
What Strategies Work Better when Supported by CRM? The following strategies are now utilizing new data resources and better analytics to improve company performance with retailers: – Category Management (CM) – Account Specific Marketing (ASM) – Continuity and Frequency Programs (FSP)
Using CRM for Selling We evaluate the impact of CRM with the following analytics – ROI – Sales opportunities closed – Prediction accuracy – The capability to track major sales events – It is easy to see how sales leaders are using CRM and gaining prominence in their organizations
Objectives, Strategy, and Tactics? Objectives specify an intended accomplishment. A strategy statement focuses on how you will accomplish your objective. A tactical statement is what you will do specifically to reach your goal.
Category Management and CRM Category management is selection of the appropriate assortment, shelf space, and promotion for a group of products. Sales forces regard CRM as a valuable tool for category management – it improves the speed – accuracy – quality of information exchanged by partners by using CRM analytics to evaluate the performance of the sales force and the profitability of the programs
ASM and CRM CRM supports Account Specific Marketing through – improved customer information – more timely communication – providing better pipeline data The metrics observed in ASM are – opportunity conversion rates – revenue and profitability of account initiatives The sales force is responsible for ASM
Loyalty Programs/Frequent Shopper Club Programs and Sales Loyalty programs become CRM programs Most loyalty programs are in a B2C channels – United Airlines Mileage Plus Program – The Hertz Gold Program – Hilton Hotels Honors Program Programs in B2B2C environments such as Safeway’s Safeway Club are also CRM programs
FSP and CRM Frequent shopper club activity in the grocery industry is a promotion effort that works on three levels at any time – A reward to customers for purchase – A means to deliver in-store electronic incentives – A vehicle to target and deliver incentives via direct mail, web site, and at checkout
CPG, Promotion, and CRM As sales forces become more involved with customer strategy, CRM becomes more important to a company’s success. CRM provides the sales force the analytics to measure product and campaign performance.
CPG: What Have we Learned? A new generation of leaders – Decisions made by sale forces are determining the success of customers’ marketing efforts Empowered by CRM, the line between the sales and marketing functions is being blurred Strategic decision making regarding loyalty programs, category management, customer communication, and consumer promotion are made by sales
CRM and Sales Techniques
CRM: The Foundation CRM systems serve as the foundation for sales action maintaining record of – Buyer preferences – Process requirements – Purchase cycles – Contact dates – Contract information – Customer service interface information – Forecast sales
Proactive Sales Action and CRM The ability to be more proactive with CRM results from having the right information to address a problem immediately. Companies need to reduce the response time for solutions due to competition and technology. – According to Frank Loftus, 3M’s General Manager of Automotive Sales in Detroit, “Our customers require answers to business problems in minutes and hours not days!”
The Issue of Sales Usage The key, of course, in sales involvement in CRM is actual usage of a CRM system. – According to Todd Forsythe, VP Integrated Marketing at Oracle, “The number one reason that CRM has not been successful is connection of the CRM system to the sales force. All the technology and sophistication of CRM is dependent on one function and that is the sales person must believe in the value that the system can provide.”
The Issue of Sales Usage CRM systems used by sales forces began as server-driven programs exclusively designed to speed order entry. New on-demand solutions like salesforce.com or NetSuite provide – Easier system access – Simpler interface to the system – A shorter system learning curve
CRM: Sales Force Value CRM’s value to salespeople translates into the following areas – CRM must save the salesperson time, – CRM must save the salesperson effort – CRM must make the salesperson more productive – CRM must streamline the decision-making process for a sales organization
McKinsey and Company on CRM Usage If salespeople are recalcitrant regarding system usage, they can cripple a CRM initiative. – Salespeople are inherently skeptical about CRM – Salespeople fear they loose their value to the company Managers understand the benefit of CRM, but short- term volume pressure can compromise the initiative. If sales managers do not support CRM, employee skepticism results.
CRM System Usage Sales managers must focus on increasing sales force CRM participation – Short-term incentives for CRM compliance – Implementing more user friendly applications – Recognition of exceptional CRM compliance – Merchandising successful CRM results
The R in CRM
A Question of Value How does CRM help to increase customer satisfaction? – More timely response to needs – An improved and smoother sales process – Better forecasting and performance – Providing the correct solutions at the right time
Creating Customer Value CRM helps to establish a competitive edge in providing added value and differentiating the companies offering by creating process value. – Two ways to add customer value Impressive cost or process advantages (Southwest Airlines) Creating better consumer perception of value
CRM and the Sales Organization The sales force can be enticed to participate more fully in CRM if – They are part of a team responsible for CRM deployment – Clear direction is provided to the entire sales organization National Sales Manager Regional Sales Manager Territory Sales Representative Territory Sales Representative Regional Sales Manager Territory Sales Representative Territory Sales Representative Regional Sales Manager Territory Sales Representative Territory Sales Representative
CRM and the Sales Organization On the cause side, new tools make it possible to segment the customer base easily based on a criterion – Like company size – Or market potential In segmenting the sales operation, companies can use an inside sales force to service the smaller accounts – This provides the benefit of reducing the cost per sale and providing better service since it is easier to reach the inside person. – GBC (General Binding Corporation) recently went through a reorganization of this sort and it was very successful. CRM was implemented after the sales changes. A CRM solution can play a critical role in the reorganization of a sales department, both on the cause and effect sides. On the effect side, CRM applications have the ability to assign accounts to the correct salespeople because of reorganization. – This lets the company get on quickly and easily with its plan. The newly assigned sales representative gets immediate access to the account history, including scheduled follow-ups. – This lets them hit the ground running and minimize the disruption caused by reorganization.
Sales Engagement Once sales is fully engaged in the CRM process, the company will be prepared to deal effectively in a new sales environment with – Different management structure – Compensation platforms – Account assignments – Call plans
The CRM Sales Cycle
In the CRM system, the campaign results are input into to the database for future reference and promotional activity. Successful campaigns build relationships. Long-term success breeds true partnerships between companies.
Conclusion The success of the company and often their customer will be dependent upon how well sales forces use CRM.