2Vitamin E Vitamin E is also known as: Alpha-tocopherol, tocopherol, tocotrienol
3Tocopherol Chemical Composition The term tocol is the trivial designation for 2-methyl-2-(4,8,12-trimethyltridecyl)chroman-6-ol (I, R1 = R2 = R3 = H)1.3. Tocopherol(s).The term tocopherol(s) should be used as a generic descriptor for all mono, di, and trimethyltocols. Thus, this term is not synonymous with the term vitamin E.
5Functions of Vitamin E Antioxidant Regulates oxidation reactions Cell-membrane stabilityProtects polyunsaturated fatty acids and Vitamin A
6Antioxidant Nutrients Vitamin E, as well as Vitamin C and beta-carotene play an important role in the body’s defense against oxidative damage.Antioxidants take free radicals and inactivate them.It is important that Vitamin E is in the tissues, such as the brain and lungs which contain polyunsaturated fats.
7Signs and Symptoms of Vitamin E Deficiency Red blood cell breakageAnemia – decreased Red blood cellsNeuropathy – Nerve cells become deadened to feelingWeaknessDifficulty walking
11People At Risk For Not getting Enough Vitamin E Premature infantsPeople with stomach and intestinal diseases
12Supplementing Vitamin E Recent studies with high doses of supplemental Vitamin E (67 + mg) have shown cardiovascular risk reduction, however high dose supplementation of Vitamin E is a controversial issue and more data is needed.
13Complications Related To Taking Vitamin E In high doses (more than 670 mg) Vitamin E can cause gas, nausea, diarrhea, hemorrhage, and heart palpitationsTaking Vitamin E with blood thinning medication increases the risk of abnormal bleeding
14Vitamin E ConversionTo convert international unit (IU) of Vitamin E to mg of Vitamin E, multiply by 0.67.