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Vitamin E By Lauren Gervase. Vitamin E Vitamin E is also known as: Alpha-tocopherol, tocopherol, tocotrienol.

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Presentation on theme: "Vitamin E By Lauren Gervase. Vitamin E Vitamin E is also known as: Alpha-tocopherol, tocopherol, tocotrienol."— Presentation transcript:

1 Vitamin E By Lauren Gervase

2 Vitamin E Vitamin E is also known as: Alpha-tocopherol, tocopherol, tocotrienol

3 Tocopherol Chemical Composition The term tocol is the trivial designation for 2- methyl-2-(4,8,12-trimethyltridecyl)chroman- 6-ol (I, R 1 = R 2 = R 3 = H) 1.3. Tocopherol(s). The term tocopherol(s) should be used as a generic descriptor for all mono, di, and trimethyltocols. Thus, this term is not synonymous with the term vitamin E.

4 Tocopherol Chemical Composition

5 Functions of Vitamin E Antioxidant Regulates oxidation reactions Cell-membrane stability Protects polyunsaturated fatty acids and Vitamin A

6 Antioxidant Nutrients Vitamin E, as well as Vitamin C and beta- carotene play an important role in the body’s defense against oxidative damage. Antioxidants take free radicals and inactivate them. It is important that Vitamin E is in the tissues, such as the brain and lungs which contain polyunsaturated fats.

7 Signs and Symptoms of Vitamin E Deficiency Red blood cell breakage Anemia – decreased Red blood cells Neuropathy – Nerve cells become deadened to feeling Weakness Difficulty walking

8 Dietary Sources Wheat germ oil Wheat germ Sunflower seeds Sunflower oil Cottonseed oil Canola oil Brazil nuts Hazelnuts

9 Dietary Sources (continued) Peanut butter Papaya Avocado Mango Mustard greens Broccoli Butter

10 Recommended Daily Intake Males: 15 mg Females: 15 mg

11 People At Risk For Not getting Enough Vitamin E Premature infants People with stomach and intestinal diseases

12 Supplementing Vitamin E Recent studies with high doses of supplemental Vitamin E (67 + mg) have shown cardiovascular risk reduction, however high dose supplementation of Vitamin E is a controversial issue and more data is needed.

13 Complications Related To Taking Vitamin E In high doses (more than 670 mg) Vitamin E can cause gas, nausea, diarrhea, hemorrhage, and heart palpitations Taking Vitamin E with blood thinning medication increases the risk of abnormal bleeding

14 Vitamin E Conversion To convert international unit (IU) of Vitamin E to mg of Vitamin E, multiply by 0.67.

15 References


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