This natural cross-breeding allows us to get crosses without investing in new technology. However, it can take a long time to achieve a perfect cross-breed and plants can get the bad characteristics as well.
It also restricts farmers from mixing genes from different organisms together, for example a banana and a fish. To overcome this problem, genetic engineering is used to provide farmers with plants with ideal characteristics.
Genetic modification can cause serious problems in the nutritional value of the foods we eat. A mistake can affect millions of people instantaneously. One practice performed by GM companies is to use genetic use restriction technology (GURT). This makes the plant sterile. Sterile seeds cannot be used for making more seeds, so the farmer has to always buy seeds from the GM company for every season.
Society has the perception that GM is not natural and therefore “bad”. However, GM helps to speed up nature and allow preferred genes in a plant that would otherwise take many seasons in “natural” farming practices. Every advance in technology makes life easier for us in the long term. Genetic modification is not 100% safe, but if it is a solution to the global food crisis, it should be a field to look into.
Genetic modification allows plants Have higher crop yield Provide more nutritious food To adapt harsh environments Be resistant to pests Have longer shelf life To be a source for medicine