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Presentation on theme: "S WEETPOTATO V ALUE C HAIN A SSESSMENT B URKINA F ASO Dr. Dai Peters."— Presentation transcript:


2 Province 2007- 2008 2008-2009 2009- 2010 2010-2011 2011-2012 Kénédougou45,13533,64332,04040,76129,819 Sissili7,05811,09431,24123,21482,138 Nahouri3,27012,3391,7616,6256,937 Kouritenga-2,3114,4583,904- Gourma3,7286,1272,9498,333528 Léraba1,0139812,7793,3136,239 Banwa-1,8963,2541,63811,708 Total60,20468,39278,48387,786137,370 *National statistics Sweetpotato production

3 WhiteRedOrange SkinWhiteRed FleshWhite Orange % market share98 Yield21.528.710.8 Price2,0002,250 Harvest seasonNov-FebNov-MarAug - Nov Preferred characteristicsHigh DM, sweet Somewhat sweetSweet, color Sweetpotato marketing

4 G ENERAL OVERVIEW Producers have a fairly long history of growing SP as a cash crop – medium: 15 years Production increasing each year due to market demand Due to perishability, mainly a cash crop, since 15 years ago Two major market accepted varieties, and OFSP introduced, and accepted in market in recent years Two major production and collection areas, one borders Mali and one borders Ghana Main consumption areas NOT in cities, but other provinces, as staple food, not snack Mainly just one season, except a few pockets of irrigated dry season crop Monocropping, no intercropping

5 Local retailer City retailer Processor Bobo & Ouaga retailer Bobo & Ouaga retailer (20%) Bobo collector/collector/ wholesaler Kaya, Duri, Collector ( 80%) Leo & other market collector Other Burkina farmer Ghana farmer (Bawku &Navrongo ) Orodara farmerfarmer Mali collector Transporter S weetpotato value chain in Burkina Faso City consumers Local consumers

6 Land area (ha/P) SP area (ha/hh) SP of total land (%) SP sold (%) SP variety grown (#) Yrs as cash Sikorla0.75.036.698210 Koupela0.53.427.798125 Banzon0.31.132.677.522 Muna0.81.419.895.4515 Tiebele Dry0.30.414.195.41015 Seiga0.40.717.491.9315 Sanwabo0.40.719.289.430 Boura0.70.49.782.712 Tiebele Rain0.3 9.895.41015 Average0.51.520.891.54.112.0 Characteristics of the sweetpotato producers

7 By income (for cash) By land area (for food security) Sikorla 1.SP 2.Cotton 3.Maize Maize Sorghum Rice Koupela 1.SP 2.Rice 3.Maize 1.Sorghum 2.Maize 3.Rice Muna 1.SP 2.Maize 3.Peanut 1.Maize 2.SP 3.Peanut TiebeleSP Peanut Sesame 1.Maize 2.Rice 3.SP Seiga Sp Peanut Rice 1.Sorghum/M 2.SP 3.Peanut Sanwab Peanut Cotton Sesame Sorghum/Millet Peanut Maize Banzon SP Rice Maize 1.Rice 2.SP 3.Maize Boura1.Peanut 2.SP 1.Maize 2.Sorghum/M 3.Peanut By income (for cash) By land area (for food security) Crop importance ranked by income versus food security

8 Fertilizer (bag/ha) Yield (ton/ha) SP profit (F/ha) Income (F/hh) Income (F/P) Tiebele dry5.214.7938,573405,81342,612 Sikorla 3.724.7965,4494,670,475219,763 Koupela3.830.0879,1063,396,364131,184 Banzon3.918.8721,662725,53454,124 Muna3.016.8478,778639,09862,167 Seiga2.716.3500,287401,76040,608 Sanwabo2.614.9445,918385,33737,821 Boura1.85.6138,74151,00410,843 Tiebele rain3.28.449,35027,6685,414 Profits and income

9 P ROFITS AND INCOME Profits determined by costs, prices, and yieldscostsprices Yields highly related to variety and fertilizer applicationvariety Prices do not vary greatly across region, so mainly affected by yields Income (hh or pp) determined by the amount of cultivation land

10 FertilizerRidgingPlantingWeedHarvestSeed Transport Total Sikorla53,529120,00035,00036,000Family00244,529 Koupela76,788Family 17,924149,818244,530 Banzon74,96415,00010,00022,50030,0004,0310156,524 Muna52,083100,000Family12,000Family28,57164,286256,940 Tiebele99,48750,40016,800048,00070,84650,200285,052 Seiga54,800Family 73,33394,847214,180 Sanwab52,528Family 57,91786,624189,131 Boura29,75015,000Family 1,6886,11952,556 Tiebele58,18250,40016,800Family48,000030,100219,400 Average61,34638,9788,7337,83314,00028,26053,555206,983 % total29.618. Sweetpotato production and marketing costs (F/ha)

11 C OSTS SUMMARY FertilizerFertilizer, seed, and transport make up 70% of total costs, how can these activities be made more efficient?seedtransport Ridging and harvesting require most labor (or cash) input Much of the labor is covered by family and community exchange Often a youth crop due to the heavy labor requirement for ridging and harvesting

12 Fertilizer (bag/ha)Yield (ton/ha)# farmers 8342 6 to 724.411 531.34 420.542 3 to 41915 2.5 to 317.68 2 to 2.411.221 1 to 2108 08.17 * Most of the farmers who apply low level, or no, chemical fertilizer usually apply organic fertilizer Fertilizer applied in relation to yields

13 % HH maintain seed in garden thru dry season # HH need to buy seed Full cost of seed (F/ha) Sikorla10000 Koupela100 100,000 Muna6478.6100,000 Tiebele10000 Seiga409075,000 Sanwabo10083.3100,000 Banzon734515,000 Boura7525.0100,000 Tiebele10080200,000 Seed system Seed suppliers are most appropriate to multiply, introduce, and sell seed of improved varieties

14 WhereSell to Transport cost (f/bag) SikorlaFarmgate Collectors/ wholesaler 0 BanzonFarmgate Collectors/ wholesaler 0 KoupelaIn market >80 km Collector/ retailer 400 – 600/sm bag SeigaFada market Collector/ retailer 500/sm bag MunaLeo market Collector/ retailer 15,000/tractor =450 F/lg bag TiebelePo market Collector/ retailer 100/basin =400 F/lg bag BouraLeo marketCollector/ retailer 275/sm bag Transport cost

15 PlantHarvest SikorlaJune-AugNov-Mar KoupelaMay-JuneSept-Jan BanzonMay-AugNov-Mar MunaJun-AugSept-Dec Tiebele dry seasonJan-FebMay-June SeigaMay-AugSept-Dec SanwaboJun-JulOct-Nov BouraJune-JulAug-Oct Tiebele rainy seasonJun-JulSept-Oct Production seasons

16 Majority planted in Jun-July resulting in peak harvest Oct-Nov Minority manage to plant in May and harvest by Sept Another small portion able to plant in Aug and harvest in Dec Jan – Mar harvest only in Orodara

17 SeptOctNovDecJanFebMarMayJune Koupela (F/sm B)4,5002,5001,5005,000 Koupela (F/kg)56.331.318.862.5 Sikorla (F/trailer)550,000800,000 850,000 Sikorla (F/kg)39.557.1 60.7 Banzon (F/trailer)625,000375,000425,0001 m Banzon (F/kg)30.426.844.671.4 Seiga (F/ sm bag)6,0002,500 5,000 Seiga (F/kg)7531.3 62.5 Sanwabo (F/sm B)2,500 Sanwabo (F/kg)31.3 Muna (F/ lg bag)15,0006,5007,00010,000 Muna (F/kg)93.840.643.862.5 Boura (F/ sm bag)5,5006,500 Boura (F/kg)68.7581.25 Tiebele (F/basin)1,5001,0003,7502,500 Tiebele (F/kg)37.52593.7562.5 Seasonal fluctuation of prices

18 WhiteRedOrange SkinWhiteRed FleshWhite Orange % area98 Yield21.528.710.8 Price2,2502,0002,250 Harvest seasonNov-FebNov-MarSept - Dec Weevil attacksSusceptibleResistantHighly susceptible DMCHigh DMLower DM TasteSweetLess sweetSweet Characteristics of the three varieties sold in the market

19 # trailer/day # ton/trailer# days Volume (ton/yr) 1313.7618032,198 Bobo wholesale market No permanent wholesaler based at the market Work in groups of 3. Collect and wholesale Rent 7-ton trailer to collect & wholesale in Bobo market to collectors from the provinces Buy by the trailer, can pack into 86 bags of 160 kg/bag, approx 14 ton per trailer Also retail while waiting to load the trailer

20 Expenses (F/trailer)Sales (F/trailer) Sweetpotato400,000559,000* Trailer rental100,000 Loading at farmgate10,000 Off loading in market4,000 Bagging in market10,000 Market tax3,000 Total costs527,000 Profit (F/trailer)330,000 #trailer/mo/collector18 Income (F/mo/3 collector)5,994,000 Collector/wholesaler profit and income

21 Sangkariyari marketToecin marketPagalayuni market Peak Season Off season Peak Season Off season Peak Season Off season # sellers2063015122 Bag/day10.310.50.430.03 Buying price* 7,500- 10,000 15 - 20,00010-12,000 12,500 - 15,00012,500 Sweetpotato retailing in Ouagadougou

22 Peak seasonOff season Avg # seller/mkt124 Total # seller300100 Avg bag/day0.50.1 # bag/season22,5001,500 Total kg/season3,600,000240,000 Total ton/year3,840 Estimated sweetpotato volume Ouagadougou markets As estimated by collectors, small volume marketed in Ouaga and Bobo Most sweetpotato sold and consumed in other provinces as staple food. OFSP well accepted and even preferred.

23 Costs (F/bag) Sales (F/bag), net income based on 0.5 bag/day Average buying price = 11,000 F/bag Large root heaps= 500 F/heap * 9 heaps = 4,500 F (Transport cost included in the buying price) Med root heaps = 200 F/heap * 32 heaps= 6,400 F Med-small root heaps = 100 F/heap * 100 = 3,000 F Small root heaps= 150 n/heap * 15 heaps= 2,250 F Total income (F/bag) = 16,150 Net profit (F/bag)= 5,150Net income (F/month/retailer) = 3,150 *15 = 77,250 Ouagadougou retailers’ profit and income during off season

24 Costs (F/bag) Sales (F/bag), net income based on 1 bag/day Average buying price = 11,500 F/bag Large root heaps= 500 F/heap * 5 heaps = 2,500 F (Minimal local transport cost included) Med root heaps = 200 F/heap * 32 heaps= 6,400 F Small root heaps= 50 F/heap * 15 heaps= 750 F Total income (F/bag) = 9,650 Net profit (F/bag)= 1,250Net profit (F/month/retailer) = 1,150 *30 = 34,500 Bobo retailers’ profit and income during off season income during off season Retail prices almost half price as Ouaga—twice the roots per heap for the same price as in Ouaga

25 Banzon fryerBobo fryer Costs (F/small bag/day)Costs (F/large bag/3 day) Buying roots = 1,500Buying roots = 8,000 Oil = 714Oil = 3,600 Sauce = 100Salt + pepper = 225 Space rental= 1.2Space rental= 52.5 Total costs = 2,315Total costs = 11,728 Income/profit (F/sm bag/day)Income/profit (F/bag/3 day) Sales income (F/day) = 2,960Sales income (F/3 day)= 12,650 Net profit (F/day) = 645Net profit (F/3 day) = 923 Net profit (F/month) = 19,336Net profit (F/month) =9,230 Fryers in Banzon and Bobo Fryers buy a bag of sweetpotato and cut into chips and sell each for 5 F. Usally sell two other products along with sweetpotato chips

26 Bobo wholesaler RetailerFryer BoboOuagaBanzonBobo Vol (trailer/mo) 18 Vol (bag/day) 10.51 small0.3 large Profit (F/trailer) 333,000 Profit (F/bag) 1,2505,150645923 Income (F/mo) 5,994,000Income (F/mo) 34,50077,25019,3369,230 Summary of the market size, profit, and monthly income of each actor

27 CONSUMERS 80% consumed in the provinces as staple Mainly boiled as staple, smaller percentage fried Frying characteristics not a concern, low DM of OFSP not a concern Consumers prefer the color of OFSP and willing to higher prices for them Implications: OFSP is the accepted in market in Burkina without needing any media campaign OFSP produced in Navrongo and Bawku can be marketed in Leo and Po

28 M AIN OBJECTIVES OF PROPOSED INTERVENTIONS Overcome current constraints to profits To increase income with improved varieties High--yielding Early maturing or long season for higher prices To increase income by storing roots for 1-2 months To decrease costs Fertilizer Seed Transport Ridging & harvest Capitalize on opportunities by diversifying products To diversify income sources To improve health and diet

29 As cash cropAs nutrition cropAs livestock feed Breeding 1.Breeding for market- accepted high-yielding, early maturing, long- season, weevil- resistance 2.Regional germplasm evaluation High yielding OFSP Selection for dual- purpose—total biomass from root and vines, if such interest exists. Seed system 1.Multiply and sell seed of improved varieties for market via existing seed supplier. 2.Ways to assist more farmers to maintain seed during dry season Multiply and sell OFSP varieties via existing seed supplier. Multiply and sell seed of dual- purpose varieties for market via existing seed supplier. Suggested products and interventions

30 As cash cropAs nutrition cropAs livestock feed Production improvement 1.Fertilizer trials to determine the optimal fertilizer application for the introduced varieties. 2.Ways to decreased ridging labor (establish tractor rental enterprise?) 3.Experiment on overall best ICM practices. 1.Fertilizer trials to determine the suitable fertilizer investment for food security crop (no cash income) 2.Same 3.Same 1.Fertilizer trials to determine the most appropriate practices to obtain the highest volume of vine & root biomass and livestock nutrition 2.Same 3.Same

31 As cash cropAs nutrition cropAs livestock feed Posthar vest 1.Harvest method to minimize damage and improve quality 2.Assessing postharvest loss to transport and ways to minimize loss 3.Experiment fresh root storage methods for 1-2 months 1.Introduce cooking and eating practices appropriate within local food consumption practice to enhance nutrition 1.Experiment with various vine silage treatments (also with roots, should interest exists, for the times when fresh roots prices are too low to sell. 2.Feeding trials with silage 3.Experiment with holistic system of crop feed and soil maintenance with intensified animal manure application

32 As cash cropAs nutrition cropAs livestock feed Marketing1.Linking producers with collectors for direct collection 2.Establish local collection center 1.Awareness campaign to introduce the benefits of OFSP


34 Nakam Ponggu NakasonBangerei Tai Ling (Tai Nong)* SkinWhiteRedYellow FleshWhite YellowOrange # growing it15 105 Yield (# Basin)150 7060 Price (Sept)1,500 2,250 Areas planted (%)602010< 5 Resistance to weevils SusceptibleResistantHighly susceptible * There are 10 varieties grown in Tiebele, and three of which take up 90% of the planting areas, leaving the other seven, the OFSP included, making up the rest of the 10% of area OFSP in relation to other varieties


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