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Strunk & White Rules 1-5 Packet Review Mr. Haskey CA9 November 4, 2010.

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Presentation on theme: "Strunk & White Rules 1-5 Packet Review Mr. Haskey CA9 November 4, 2010."— Presentation transcript:

1 Strunk & White Rules 1-5 Packet Review Mr. Haskey CA9 November 4, 2010

2 Strunk & White Rule 1 Form the possessive singular of nouns by adding ‘s. Possessive: giving an object ownership over something Singular: only one of an object Noun: person, place, thing, idea

3 Strunk & White Rule 1 Its vs. It’s Its is giving the object “it” ownership over something. It’s is a shortened version of the words “it is.” Basically, if you can replace “it’s” with it is, you should use the apostrophe. If you can’t, you should use “its.” Its’ IS NOT A WORD!

4 Examples My cousin got in trouble for stealing a childs bicycle. No change Childs’ bicycle Child bicycle Child’s bicycle Questions to ask: Does an object in this sentence own something? Yes, the child owns the bicycle. Is this object singular? Yes, it is just one child.

5 Strunk & White Rule #1 The correct answer is D. Like the rule says, add ‘s to a possessive singular noun.

6 Strunk & White Rule 1 The dog dug in the yard for it’s bone. No change Its bone Its’ bone It bone Does an object own something in this sentence? Yes, the dog owns the bone. Is the object singular? Yes, it is just one dog.

7 Strunk & White Rule 1 The correct answer is B. This relates to the aforementioned it’s vs. its rule. Its’ will never be correct- it is not a grammatically correct word. You cannot change the its to it is and have the sentence make sense. Only logical answer is B.

8 Strunk & White Rule 1 The teacher found the student’s backpack in her classroom. No chance Student backpack Students backpack Students’ backpack Does an object own something in this sentence? Yes, the student owns the backpack. Is the object singular? Yes, it is one student.

9 Strunk & White Rule 1 The correct answer is A. No change needed to be made here- the singular noun already had ‘s to show possession.

10 Strunk & White Rule 1 My mother thinks its okay for me to skip my homework tonight. No change Its’ okay It’s okay It okay Does an object have ownership in this sentence? Technically yes, the student owns the homework, but possession is already shown through the use of the word “my.” And there is not a singular noun in this sentence which owns something.

11 Strunk & White Rule 1 The correct answer is C. Another its vs. it’s rule. In this case, you can replace it’s with it is, and the sentence still makes sense.

12 Strunk & White Rule 1 The companys employees were unhappy with their small holiday bonuses. No change Companies Company’s companies’ Does an object have ownership? Yes, the company owns the employees. Is the object singular? Yes, it is one company. It is not plural because then it would be spelled “companies.”

13 Strunk & White Rule 1 The correct answer is C.

14 Strunk & White Rule 2 In a series of three or more terms with a single conjunction, use a comma after each term except the last. Series: items in a row (a list) Terms: the actual things listed Single: one Conjunction: Connecting word- for, and nor, but, or, yet, so Comma:,

15 Strunk & White Rule 2 1. Beautiful homes attractive city squares and a mild climate are characteristics of Savannah, Georgia. Is a series of items present? Yes, the beginning of the sentence is a list Are there three or more items in the list? Yes, 1- homes, 2- city squares, and 3- climate Is a single conjunction present? Yes- and

16 Strunk & White Rule 2 Correct: Beautiful homes, attractive city squares, and a mild climate are characteristics of Savannah, Georgia. Because all of the questions were “yes” on the previous slide, you put a comma after each item in the list except the last one.

17 Strunk & White Rule 2 Shops and restaurants have transformed the old warehouse area. Is a series of items present? Yes. Are there three or more items in the list? No- only two.

18 Strunk & White Rule 2 Correct as is because the list only has two items. No comma(s) needed!

19 Strunk & White Rule 2 Tourists enjoy shopping visiting historic homes and sampling Southern cuisine. Is a list present? Yes Are there three or more items in the list? Yes- 1-shopping, 2-homes, 3- cuisine Is a single conjunction present? Yes- and

20 Strunk & White Rule 2 Correct: Tourists enjoy shopping, visiting historic homes, and sampling Southern cuisine.

21 Strunk & White Rule 2 My favorite foods include macaroni and cheese peanut butter and jelly and bread and butter. This one is tricky- it fits the rule except there are a ton of conjunctions. However, the rule still applies because the items are ultimately one thing Macaroni and cheese go together Peanut butter and jelly go together Bread and butter go together Because of this, the rule will still apply…

22 Strunk & White Rule 2 My favorite foods are macaroni and cheese, peanut butter and jelly, and bread and butter.

23 Strunk & White Rule 2 This morning I woke up got dressed brushed my teeth and ate breakfast. A list? Yes Three or more items? Yes Conjunction? Yes- and

24 Strunk & White Rule 2 This morning I woke up, got dressed, brushed my teeth, and ate breakfast.

25 Strunk & White Rule 2 The street was filled with angry protesters shouting spectators and police. List? Yep. Three or more? Yep. Conjunction? One- and

26 Strunk & White Rule 2 The street was filled with angry protesters, shouting spectators, and police.

27 Strunk & White Rule 3 Enclose parenthetic expressions between commas. Enclose- surround Parenthetic Expressions- a group of related yet non essential words to the meaning of a sentence. Commas-, Example: My bulletin board, which is my favorite color, displays student work.

28 Strunk & White Rule 3 Anthony who won the race became the first one in our class to receive a trophy. “who won the race” is a parenthetic expression here because the sentence still makes sense without that information Correct: Anthony, who won the race, became the first one in our class to win a trophy.

29 Strunk & White Rule 3 The teacher was annoyed when Hillary who lives right across the street from school was late. “who lives right across the street” is a parenthetic expression here Correct: The teacher was annoyed when Hillary, who lives right across the street from school, was late.

30 Strunk & White Rule 3 Children who get everything they want often appreciate nothing. It might feel like “who get everything they want” is unnecessary, but it is necessary here it adds essential meaning to the sentence. Correct as is.

31 Strunk & White Rule 3 Few people who claim to be able to predict the future can actually do so. Again, “who claim to be able to predict the future” is a necessary part of this sentence. Correct as is.

32 Strunk & White Rule 3 Anita who has no sense of humor couldn’t see what made the joke so funny. “who has no sense of humor” is unnecessary here. Correct: Anita, who has no sense of humor, couldn’t see what made the joke so funny.

33 Strunk & White Rule 4 Place a comma before a conjunction introducing an independent clause. Comma-, Conjunction- joining word- for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so Introducing- coming before Independent Clause- a group of words that could stand on its own as a complete sentence.

34 Strunk & White Rule 4 Arctic icebergs are rough but Antarctic icebergs are rather flat and smooth. Is there a conjunction? Yes- but Does an independent clause come after the conjunction? Yes- that could be a complete sentence Correct: Arctic icebergs are rough, but Antarctic icebergs are rather flat and smooth.

35 Strunk & White Rule 4 The Swedish pioneers built a town and named it after their leader. Conjunction? Yes- and Independent clause after it? No Correct as is.

36 Strunk & White Rule 4 Did Rita make this cabinet herself or did her teacher help her? Conjunction? Yes- or Complete sentence after? Yes- could be a complete sentence Correct: Did Rita make this cabinet herself, or did her teacher help her?

37 Strunk & White Rule 4 I respect your opinion yet I cannot agree with it. Conjunction? Yes- yet Complete sentence after? Yes- could be a complete sentence Correct: I respect your opinion, yet I cannot agree with it.

38 Strunk & White Rule 4 The train we were on had started to move and we couldn’t find Sophia anywhere. Conjunction? Yes- and Complete sentence after? Yes- could be a complete sentence Correct: The train we were on had started to move, and we couldn’t find Sophia anywhere.

39 Strunk & White Rule 5 Do not join independent clauses with a comma. Independent clauses- group of words that can be a complete sentence Comma-,

40 Strunk & White Rule 5 Gloria is a talented painter she won a blue ribbon in the district art contest. Correction one: Gloria is a talented painter; she won a blue ribbon in the district art contest. Correction two: Gloria is a talented painter. She won a blue ribbon in the district art contest. Correction three: Gloria is a talented painter, and she won a blue ribbon in the district art contest.

41 Strunk & White Rule 5 John’s worst fear had come true he slumped down in his seat. Correction one: John’s worst fear had come true; he slumped down in his seat. Correction two: John’s worst fear had come true. He slumped down in his seat. Correction three: John’s worst fear had come true, so he slumped down in his seat.

42 Strunk & White Rule 5 Helen passed the ball Jamie rushed down the field. Correction one: Helen passed the ball; Jamie rushed down the field. Correction two: Helen passed the ball. Jamie rushed down the field. Correction three: Helen passed the ball, and Jamie rushed down the field.

43 Putting Them All Together Today at the restaurant I noticed the overworked employees the dirty tables and the exorbitant prices. Rule one? Not needed Rule two- needed! Three- nope. Four- nope. Five- nope. Correct: Today at the restaurant I noticed the overworked employees, the dirty tables, and the exorbitant prices.

44 Putting Them All Together While visiting the citys famous monuments Shelly noticed the amazing architecture of the city. Rule one? Yes! Rule two- no. Three? No. Four? No. Five? No. Correct: While visiting the city’s famous monuments Shelly noticed the amazing architecture.

45 Putting Them All Together The baby had just begun to suck it’s thumb cry for its mom and roll over in its’ crib. Rule one? Yes! Rule two? Yes! Rule three? No. Rule four? No. Five? No. Correct: The baby had just begun to suck its thumb, cry for its mom, and roll over in its crib.

46 Putting Them All Together Katie my best friend lives next door to me. Rule one? No. Two? No. Four? No. Five? No. Three? Yes! Correct: Katie, my best friend, lives next door to me.

47 Putting Them All Together My cat Buster loves to nap on warm appliances when he sleeps on top of the television, his tail swipes the screen like a windshield wiper. One? No. Two? No. Four? No. Three? Yes! Five? Yes! Correct: My cat, Buster, loves to nap on warm appliances when he sleeps on top of the television, and his tail swipes the screen like a windshield wiper.

48 Putting Them All Together At the back of the classroom, Nina sat crossing her arms, rolling her eyes, and glaring at Mr. Beane; her body language indicated that English was not her favorite subject. Correct as is!

49 Putting Them All Together Freddie wanted fried chicken for lunch but the cafeteria’s soggy grey lukewarm meat was not what he had in mind. One? Yes- already correct Two? Yes. Four? Yes. Three? No. Five? No. Correct: Freddie wanted fried chicken for lunch, but the cafeteria’s soggy, grey, and lukewarm meat was not what he had in mind.

50 Putting Them All Together My cell phone the one I got for my birthday is already broken. One? No. Two? No. Four? No. Five? No. Three? Yes! Correct: My cell phone, the one I got for my birthday, is already broken.

51 Putting Them All Together Simon needed to borrow a dollar for a Gatorade but he discovered his wallet was empty I let him borrow mine. This deals with rules four and five and has several possible answers: Simon need to borrow a dollar for a Gatorade, but he discovered his wallet was empty… That will be correct each time …his wallet was empty; I let him borrow mine. …his wallet was empty. I let him borrow mine.

52 Putting Them All Together Never judge a book by it’s cover it might surprise you. One? Yes! Five? Yes! Two? No. Three? No. Four? No. Correct: Never judge a book by its cover; it might surprise you. Never judge a book by its cover. It might surprise you.


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