Serving Sizes for Starches 1 slice of bread = 1 serving (15g. Carbohydrate) ½ hotdog or hamburger bun = 1 serving 1/3 cup cooked pasta = 1 serving Cereals vary rule of thumb for flaked cereal ¾ cup, hot cereal ½ cup 4-6 crackers = 1 serving 1/3 cup rice = 1 serving KBN 2014
Serving Sizes for Fruits ½ cup juice, canned fruit, or cooked fruit = 1 serving 1/3 cup cranberry or grape juice = 1 serving 1 small piece of raw fruit = 1 serving 1 cup of raw fruit = rule of thumb for 1 serving KBN 2014
Serving Sizes for Milks 1 cup milk = 1 serving 6oz no sugar added yogurt = 1 serving The difference between whole milk, 2% milk, 1% milk, and skim milk is the amount of fat that they contain KBN 2014
Serving Size for Vegetables ½ cup cooked vegetable = 1 serving ½ cup vegetable juice = 1 serving 1 cup raw vegetable = 1 serving KBN 2014
Serving Sizes for Meats Usually 2-3 ounces at meals 1oz meat = 1 egg 1oz meat = 1 oz cheese 1oz meat = ¼ cup cottage cheese or tuna 1oz meat = 2 tablespoons of peanut butter ½ cup dried beans count as both an ounce of meat and a starch KBN 2014
Serving Sizes for Fats 1 tsp of margarine or butter = 1 serving 1 slice of bacon = 1 serving 1 tsp of oil = 1 serving 1 tsp of mayonnaise = 1 serving 1 Tbs of salad dressing = 1 serving OIL KBN 2014
Best Place to get Nutritional Information about a Product? The food label KBN 2014
Reading Labels 1.Serving Size: information is for one serving 2. Calories: a key for weight loss 3. Total fat: low-fat is less than 3 grams of fat per 100 calories 4. Total carbohydrate: including sugar, starch, fiber, and other 1 2 3 4 KBN 2014
Carb Counting Practice Ham Sandwich___ 1 cup Raw Carrots___ Small Bag Chips___ Carton 2% Milk___ Small Apple___ Total___ Chips KBN 2014
Carb Counting Practice Ham Sandwich___ 1 cup Raw Carrots___ Small Bag Chips___ Carton 2% Milk___ Small Apple___ Total___ Chips 30 5 15 12 15 77 KBN 2014
Insulin to Carb Ratio O Amount of insulin needed to cover a certain amount of carbohydrate O Example: 1 unit of insulin for every 15 grams of carbohydrate O So for something 30 grams you would give 2 units of insulin KBN 2014
Correction Factor O A specified amount of insulin for specified mg./dL above target blood sugar. O Example 1 unit of insulin for every 50 mg/dL above 150mg/dL KBN 2014
Back to Our Example Carbohydrates 77 Blood Sugar 209 Insulin to Carbohydrate ratio 1 unit for every 15grams Corrective Factor 1 unit for every 50mg/dL above 120mg/dL KBN 2014
5 units for carbohydrates and 1 unit for correction factor of 6 units May administer 0.5 unit if the insulin pen administers 0.5 unit doses. Total dose of insulin is 6.0-6.5 units May administer 0.1 units of insulin if using insulin pump. TOTAL dose is 6.3 units of insulin. Know Student’s Doctor’s Orders!!!! How Much Insulin?
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