Presentation on theme: "WELCOME. Welcome to Africa Africa in its goodness is a beautiful place with different people traditions and culture. Though there are many similarities."— Presentation transcript:
Welcome to Africa Africa in its goodness is a beautiful place with different people traditions and culture. Though there are many similarities its the differences that make Africa so unique and wonderful. There are over 3000 languages spoken. There are many different ethnicities. The terrain ranges from large expanses of sandy desserts to snow peaked mountains.
Asante Royals Asante royals in their rich cloths, drawing their cloth lower as a sign of reverence and time-honored customs when addressing Ote kokooso (Occupant of the Golden stool), Asantehene (King of the Asantes) Nana Otumfuo Osei Tutu II Source: TripDownMemoryLane
West African fabric has different kinds of designs and patterns. Much of the beauty of fabric is because of the method used to make it. Probably the most popular West African fabric is Kente, from Ghana. Fabrics
Efik men from Calabar, Nigeria Procession of Efik men from Calabar in Nigeria in their impressive and traditional dressing style during Carnival. The Efik are an ethnic group located in southeastern Nigeria. Source: TripDownMemoryLane
KENTE The Kente cloth is iconic because it is a kind of woven fabric that is recognised as coming from Africa through out the world and is known for its vibrant colours and geometric shapes. As it is the tradition he is wearing yellow which in Ghanaian tradition is a symbol of royalty and power and is worn by people of high status and influence. The making of Kente is very unique and takes a lot of space and is carefully set out to avoid knots or mistakes being made. This is a picture of Bill Clinton, Hilary Clinton and Jerry J Rawlings in 1998
Modern African Fashion Source: AfricanFashionInspiration
Modern African Fashion Source: AfricanFashionInspiration
Akan couple from Ghana in their Kente cloth during their traditional wedding ceremony at Accra, Ghana
Modern African Fashion Source: AfricanFashionInspiration Source: AfricanFashionInspiration
Adire Adire is a popular style of making clothes in West Africa particularly Ivory Coast, Gambia and Nigeria. ‘Adire’ is the Yoruba word for tie and dye and has the literal meaning is tie and soak. There are many ways to make adire, it is not always tied sometimes wax, starch paste or clamping is used instead of a string or wire to tie the material. The technique of tying is used to create a symmetrical design which is how all adire used to be. Source: AfricanFashionInspiration Source:AfricanFashionInspirtionSource:AfricanFashionInspirtion
Ankara is another type of fabric popular in West Africa. However in spite of popular belief it is of European origin. It was originally intended for the Indonesian market but was adopted by Africa and has since been adapted and recognised as African print. Ankara represents the culture and lifestyle of the West African people and has gained much popularity and an identity as an African fabric. Ankara
Coral Beads They may be used as fashion now but there was a time when they had great meaning and value. Corals are obtained from the bottom of the sea - mined from coral stones and made into jewellery. Coral has a hard core that can be polished to bring out a red, rose or pink colour. They are usually worn in the delta state, in Nigeria to show a high social status. Indeed coral was once worn only by royalty and the very rich. Nowadays in some celebrations such as weddings, depending on the part of Nigeria they are from, the celebrants of the day may wear them.
African Head Wrap
Beautiful and smiling Himba girl from Epuwa, Kaokoland in Namibia with her traditional two plaited (braid) hairstyle showing that she is virgin and yet to hit puberty. Source: TripDownMemoryLane Himba Girl, Namibia
Ko Woman, Burkina Faso Ethnic Ko (Kolsi) woman from Southern Burkina Faso with her awesome tribal facial marks, that identify her as Ko woman from the larger Gurunsi ethnic group of Ghana and Burkina Faso in West Africa. Source: AfricanFashionInspiration
Nzema Woman, Ivory Coast Nzema woman from Grand Bassam in Ivory Coast (Cote d`Ivoire), West Africa sitting majestically in her palanquin carried by strong men, as she dance with her bodua (animal tail) during the procession of Kings and Queens at the celebration of Nzema Abissa Festival at Grand Bassam. Nzema people also known as Ndenye are descendants of the Akan people in Ghana. Source: Source: AfricanFashionInspiration
Krobo Girls, Ghana Krobo girls from Somanya in the Eastern Region of Ghana in their Dipo (puberty) initiation outfit adorned in layers of glass beads and swathed in lengths of printed and hand woven fabrics sitting down and waiting to perform traditional klama dance. Their dressing shows that they have completed their Dipo (puberty) out-dooring ceremony and their initiation into womanhood.
Mami Wata (Water Goddess) Sand and shells drawing of Mami Wata at Festival Of Black Deities tripdownmemorylane.blogspot.co.uk
Peggy & Joe Appiah Joe Appiah (aka Abaaba s3), the legendary Ghanaian lawyer, maverick Nationalist leader and one of the fighters of Ghana`s independence with his British aristocratic wife Peggy Appiah (Enid Margaret Cripps), the youngest daughter of Labour politician and former chancellor of Exchequer Sir Stafford Cripps. Source: TripDownMemoryLane
Ghanaian style boiled yam, with garden egg and Ghanaian cooked stew. This is Yam pottage from Nigeria. This is known as asaro in Yoruba. This is a yam used in a different way, this is yam balls from Senegal. African Food
YAM Yam is a very popular crop in West Africa. It takes an enormous amount of time and labour to plant. In igboland in Nigeria it is considered the ‘king of crops’, because traditionally it was used as a measure of wealth. It is celebrated in Igboland, at the breaking of the new harvest, this is known as Iwa Ji. The yam is shared and a big thanksgiving is held. Traditionally, the king would be the first to eat then offer thanks to the gods because the Igbos believe that king is the intermediary between gods and the people. Yam is often used in general cultural celebrations because of the effort and time it takes to prepare. Igbo people also present yam at ceremonies such as weddings as it traditionally indicates wealth.
West Africans have a diet filled with mostly rice, plantain, starchy based foods such as fufu and pounded yam. These foods are normally accompanied by a tomato based soup or stew. However, in many cultures the groundnut is just as important as the tomato There is also a common sauce in West Africa with a peanut base that has been ‘re mixed’ in many West African cultures many countries. There are many variations, has many different names and is eaten all over West Africa. This is a plate of rice adorned with groundnut stew (peanut soup) Groundnut a very valued crop in West Africa
PALM KERNEL The palm kernel is the edible seed of the oil palm tree. The fruit yields two distinct oils—palm oil derived from the outer parts of the fruit, and palm kernel oil derived from the kernel. Source: wikipedia
PALM KERNEL& WWII WWII British Empire palm kernel propaganda: the first image is a full- length depiction of an African man climbing a tree to collect palm kernels. The second image shows two African women and a child sorting the kernels. The third image depicts a worker standing beside an industrial food-production machine. The final image illustrates three British infantrymen, seated near a battlefield, eating biscuits. Source: wikipedia
Peanut Stew This is cassava leaf stew complimented with rice. This stew is prepared in Sierra Leone with groundnut to give it that West African flavour. This is fish being cooked, that is usually cooked with peanut oil in Ivory Coast to give a unique taste to the fish.
Karo Girls, Ethiopia Karo girl from Omo valley in Ethiopia painting face and dressing the hair of her sister lying on the ground with red ochre clay to make her beautiful so that she can attract an attention of a potential suitor at an occasion in their village. Source (picture): TripDownMemoryLane
Rwandan Bride BEAUTIFUL Rwandan bride (sitting in the middle, with two small sticks tied to her hair as a symbol of marriage) and her equally beautiful bridesmaids at a traditional wedding at Kigali in Rwanda, Central Africa. Source (picture): TripDownMemoryLane
Tiv Groom, Benue State, Nigeria Tiv groom from Benue State in Nigeria and his best men at a traditional wedding. The woven black and white shawl is a symbol of Tiv national identity. Source (picture): TripDownMemoryLane
Voodoo practitioners at Ekpe Ekpe Festival Benin Republic Voodoo practitioners at Ekpe Ekpe Festival at Ouidah,Benin. The Fon kingdom was located in what is now southern Benin, a region some anthropologists refer to as the "cradle of Voodoo." People also practice Voodoo in Togo, Ghana and other countries in northwestern Africa. Approximately 30 million people in Togo, Ghana and Benin practice Voodoo today. Source: National Public Radio: Radio Expeditions
Sankofa Symbol The Sankofa symbol appears frequently in traditional Akan art and has also been adopted as an important symbol in an African American and African Diaspora context to represent ‘the need to reflect on the past to build a successful future’. Source: wikipedia
The Baobab Tree “Wisdom is like baobab tree. No one individual can embrace it.” African Proverb
This is just a glimpse of Africa that offers an insight into a continent that is filled with a collection of people, cultures and traditions recognised as much for their differences as their similarities. Thank you for coming today!!!