Presentation on theme: "OR HOW-TOS Procedural/ Process analysis Texts. What is the purpose of a Procedural text/ Process Analysis? To give step by step instructions To tell how."— Presentation transcript:
OR HOW-TOS Procedural/ Process analysis Texts
What is the purpose of a Procedural text/ Process Analysis? To give step by step instructions To tell how something is done
Definition: paragraph or essay in which a writer explains step by step how something is done or how to do something. can take one of two forms: (1) it can provide information about how something works (informative) (2) it can explain how to do something (directive).
Directive instructing the readers to follow certain steps. This often involves addressing the reader directly with the imperative verb tense. In other words, you give commands directly to your reader in a directive type of process analysis. Example: "How to mess up on a first date: Show up late. Don't apologize. Check out other members of the opposite sex while pretending to listen." etc etc
Informative provides readers with a thorough understanding of a process that they would like to know something (or know more) about. the emphasis shifts from how-to-do-it instructions to how-it-is-done explanations. Readers should come away from informative-process writing with a general understanding of the principles involved in how something works or happens— whether it is a simple household appliance or a complex political crisis.
informative mechanical (how an instant camera works) scientific (how our lungs function) historical (how the United States came to suffer in Vietnam) natural (how rain clouds form) social (how women’s roles in society have changed) creative (how songs are written) or psychological (how dreams are interpreted
What are the characteristics of a good Procedural/Process Analysis text? Progresses sequentially In logical step by step order Contains factual content presented in an objective manner Uses words that relate to time: first, next, etc 1. First do this 2. next do this 3. then do this
TIPS to Writing a Good Procedural/ Process Analysis 1. Understand the process: In order to illuminate your ideas about a process, you must first understand how it happens or happened, and in what order the steps come.
TIPS (continued) 2. Consider your thesis: What is it you want your readers to know when they are done reading your essay? If your process analysis is a recipe, then the outcome is obvious - you want your readers to have prepared a successful dish. An academic process analysis should be just as focused, but with the added bonus of having some insight about the topic revealed in the process.
TIPS (continued) 3. List all steps: Make sure you haven't left anything out. particularly important for a directive process analysis should be thorough and detailed from beginning to end. Be sure to include transitions, or markers that delineate one step of the process from the next.
TIPS (continueD) 4. Define any unfamiliar terms: This seems self-evident, but many people don't think about it
What are some examples of Procedural/Process Analyses texts? Recipes Rule books Directions (like from MapQuest) Instruction books How to books/posters Experiments
Put this in order: Dividing Fractions Multiply the first fraction by that reciprocal Simplify the fraction (if needed) Turn the second fraction (the one you want to divide by) upside-down (this is now a reciprocal)
What’s missing: Assumptions: that the reader knows what "bread," "peanut butter," "jelly," and "knife" represent. Ingredients Two slices of bread (if not pre-sliced, approximately square length and height, approximately one inch in width or thickness) One dull knife One jar of peanut butter One jar of jelly One clean surface (plate, cutting board, etc.) 1. Take one slice of the bread and place in on the flat surface. 2. Take the knife, and scrape some peanut butter from the jar onto the sharper end. 3. Spread the peanut butter onto the largest plane/face (the side with the largest surface area) of the bread. 4. If the peanut butter does not cover the surface, repeat steps 2 and 3 until the surface is covered. 5. Take the second slice of bread and place it on the flat surface. 6. Repeat steps 2-4 on the second piece of bread replacing "peanut butter" with "jelly." 7. Place the jellied side of the second piece of bread onto the peanut buttered side of the first piece of bread, lining up the edges. 8. And, the final, and most important step, take the sharp end of the knife and press it from the upper left corner of the now-joined pieces of bread to the lower right corner in a diagonal line, thus cutting the sandwich into two wedges.