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Non-Fiction Text Structures Description Sequence Compare and Contrast Problem and Solution Cause and Effect.

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Presentation on theme: "Non-Fiction Text Structures Description Sequence Compare and Contrast Problem and Solution Cause and Effect."— Presentation transcript:

1 Non-Fiction Text Structures Description Sequence Compare and Contrast Problem and Solution Cause and Effect

2 A topic, idea, person, place, or thing is described by listing its features, characteristics, or examples. Description For example For instance In addition Specifically

3 Is the following an example of the descriptive text structure? Juan Ponce de Leon led many expeditions to the New World. For example, he led the first European expedition to Florida leaving on March 4, ExampleNon-example Description

4 Is the following an example of the descriptive text structure? While the Aztecs and the Mayans were both Native American tribes in Florida, there are many differences between the two tribes. The Mayans were very scientific, studying stars and trying to measure time. However, the Aztecs were more war- like people who would wage war against their neighboring tribes. ExampleNon-example Description

5 Let’s try to create our own graphic organizer for the descriptive text structure! Home

6 Describes events in order or explains the steps one must follow to do something or make something. First Next After Then Before Finally Sequence & Order

7 Is the following an example of the sequential text structure? The thirteen colonies did not like being under British control when they did not have a say in Parliament. Eventually the thirteen colonies went to war in the American Revolution to fight for their independence. When they won, the thirteen colonies got to have their own government and were no longer suppressed by the British. ExampleNon-example Sequence & Order

8 ExampleNon-example Is the following an example of the sequential text structure? In order to make a peanut butter sandwich, first you need to take out two pieces of bread. Next, you need to get the peanut butter and a knife. Then, you spread the peanut butter on both slices of bread. After that, put the two pieces of bread together. Finally, enjoy the delicious sandwich! Sequence & Order

9 Let’s try to create our own graphic organizer for the sequence text structure! Home

10 Shows how two or more things are alike and/or how they are different. Different Alike Contrast Compare Compare & Contrast

11 Is the following an example of the compare and contrast text structure? The legislative, executive, and judicial branches are all parts of the government. While they are all parts of the government, their roles are very different. The executive branch is run by the President who can approve or veto bills. The legislative branch includes the Senate and House of Representatives who write bills to be made in to laws. The judicial branch includes the Supreme Court who rules whether laws are constitutional or unconstitutional. ExampleNon-example Compare & Contrast

12 Is the following an example of the compare and contrast text structure? The thirteen colonies were not prepared to fight a war with Great Britain, a strong power house with many resources that the thirteen colonies did not have. Due to not being prepared, the thirteen colonies faced many brutal battles during the American Revolution, including times when they ran out of bullets! ExampleNon-example Compare & Contrast

13 Let’s try to create our own graphic organizer for the compare and contrast text structure! Home

14 Shows a relationship between cause (event) and effect (what happened because of the event). As a result Because Cause Effect Due to So Cause & Effect

15 Is the following an example of the cause and effect text structure? The Spanish-American War was between Spain and the United States. Spain sought compromise to the problems in Cuba, but the United States refused. The Spanish-American War was a ten-week war fought in both the Caribbean and the Pacific, ending in the 1898 Treat of Paris. ExampleNon-example Cause & Effect

16 Is the following an example of the cause and effect text structure? The Spanish-American War was called “a splendid little war” by John Hay, the US ambassador to London. The cost of the war was very high though, with 385 soldiers killed in the war and another 5,000 dying of tropical mosquito born disease. ExampleNon-example Cause & Effect

17 Let’s try to create our own graphic organizer for the cause and effect text structure! Home

18 Tells about a problem and then gives one or more solutions. As a result Because Issue Problem Due to Therefore Solve Problem & Solution

19 Is the following an example of the problem and solution text structure? The thirteen colonies were very unprepared for the American Revolution. They did not have their own armed force, uniforms, weapons, or training. To help fix these issues, the thirteen colonies received help and supplies from other countries, including formal military training from Friedrich von Steuben, a German soldier. ExampleNon-example Problem & Solution

20 Is the following an example of the problem and solution text structure? When creating a political or physical map, there are many necessary elements to include. These elements are a title, compass rose, and a legend or a key. ExampleNon-example Problem & Solution

21 Let’s try to create our own graphic organizer for the problem and solution text structure! Home More More Practice

22 Which text structure does the following scenario illustrate? Tectonic plates are large masses of land on Earth. When these plates move, it causes them to rub against each other, which results in earthquakes. DescriptionSequenceCompare and ContrastCause and EffectProblem and Solution

23 Which text structure does the following scenario illustrate? Windows and Linux are both computer operating systems. They both allow computers to run programs. Linux is free for all users, however, Windows costs money for people to use. DescriptionSequenceCompare and ContrastCause and EffectProblem and Solution

24 Which text structure does the following scenario illustrate? Politicians have realized that texting has recently become a major reason for car accidents. To solve this issue, many states have tried to pass a law prohibiting the use of cell phones, especially texting, while driving in order to reduce the number of car accidents. DescriptionSequenceCompare and ContrastCause and EffectProblem and Solution

25 Which text structure does the following scenario illustrate? Chemical and physical changes are both responsible for changing matter. In a physical change, the size or shape of the matter may change, but it continues to have the same make-up. A chemical change is different than a physical change because it turns the matter into a new kind of matter with different properties. DescriptionSequenceCompare and ContrastCause and EffectProblem and Solution

26 Which text structure does the following scenario illustrate? Hurricanes are large storms with heavy winds and rains. They begin in the ocean and build up strength while moving across the water. Hurricanes can be very dangerous. DescriptionSequenceCompare and ContrastCause and EffectProblem and Solution

27 Which text structure does the following scenario illustrate? The twist is a rock and roll style dance. To do the twist, first stand with your feet shoulder width apart. Then, hold your arms out from your body, bent at the elbow. Next, rotate your body as a whole, staying in the same place. Finally, to add a little style to your dance, you can occasionally lift one leg off of the floor. DescriptionSequenceCompare and ContrastCause and EffectProblem and Solution

28 Which text structure does the following scenario illustrate? There are many reasons why people dance. People can dance for fun, for exercise, for weight loss, or just to spend time with others. DescriptionSequenceCompare and ContrastCause and EffectProblem and Solution

29 Which text structure does the following scenario illustrate? Boston was home to the first public high school in the US, which was opened in Seventy-nine years later, in 1900, children in thirty-one states were required to attend school until the age of 14. In 1910, 72% of children were attending school. By 1918, every state required students to go to elementary school. The Supreme Court ruled that segregation based on race in schools was unconstitutional in the case of Brown v. Board of Education in DescriptionSequenceCompare and ContrastCause and EffectProblem and Solution

30 Which text structure does the following scenario illustrate? Sarah was frequently absent from school and missed a lot of work. Sarah’s teacher knew something needed to be done to fix Sarah’s attendance, so she decided to call Sarah’s parents in for a conference. When Sarah’s teacher explained the importance of attending school regularly, her parents realized the issue and made sure she attended school every single day for the rest of the year. DescriptionSequenceCompare and ContrastCause and EffectProblem and Solution

31 Which text structure does the following scenario illustrate? Hurricane Katrina was a hurricane that formed over the Bahamas on August 23, It was one of the five deadliest hurricanes in the history of the United States, killing at least 1,833 people. The total property damage caused by Hurricane Katrina was estimated to be about $81 billion. DescriptionSequenceCompare and ContrastCause and EffectProblem and Solution Pyramid Review Game

32 Students work with a partner. One partner sits facing the screen, the other partner sits with their back to the screen. The person facing the screen will watch as the teacher pops the bubbles and give their partner clues so they can guess the word in the bubble. Once the word is guessed, the student will give clues for the next work. Play continues until they reach the top of the pyramid.

33 cause and effect description text structure compare and contrast sequence problem and solution


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