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CHAPTER 4 Moche (Mochica) 100- 800 c.e. Site, River Valley, Culture, Style and State Piura Valley (n) - Huarmey Valley (s) Warfare, sacrifice, royal portraits.

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Presentation on theme: "CHAPTER 4 Moche (Mochica) 100- 800 c.e. Site, River Valley, Culture, Style and State Piura Valley (n) - Huarmey Valley (s) Warfare, sacrifice, royal portraits."— Presentation transcript:

1 CHAPTER 4 Moche (Mochica) c.e. Site, River Valley, Culture, Style and State Piura Valley (n) - Huarmey Valley (s) Warfare, sacrifice, royal portraits Pottery –Elite: Stirrup & Flaring bowls –Commoner: Neck and Neckless pottery, textiles, murals, mounds Naturalism Earthly and Spiritual realms

2 Sacrifice Ceremony, Moche, 2 nd – 9 th century Warrior Priest - Conical helmet, Crescent headdress Spotted Dog Goblet Guarea (Ulluchu) fruit Captive Fox, bird and feline warriors Litter: Special platform for elite

3 Panamarca Mural E, Moche, c.e., Nepena Valley, Peru Adobe Temples Sacrifice Ceremony Priestess and attendants

4 Huaca Del Sol, Moche, Valley de Moche, Peru, 2 nd – 9 th century “Pyramid of the Sun” North, Coastal 165’ Adobe Naturalistic 4 Levels Ramps Roof top structures Murals

5 Huaca Del Sol, Relief Sculpture

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7 Incised makers marks, Huaca Del Sol Group Markings –Groups of brick masons –100+ communities –Hands, feet, dots, crosses –Accounting tools –Taxes 143 million bricks

8 Tomb of Lord Sipan, Moche, c.e. Tomb of Sipan Received goblet of Blood 451 pieces –gold, silver, turquoise, spondylus shell, cloth Pottery

9 Moche Jewelry (Ear Ornaments)

10 Moche Jewelry (Forehead, Nose & Body Ornament)

11 Moche Decapitator Warrior Symbol Human, fish, feline, spider, fish, scorpion Land, air, water Knife and head

12 Moche Peanut Necklace Gold/ Silver Duality Peanut: Death, afterlife (underground) 3 - 4” beads Ukhu

13 Huaca Cao Viejo, Moche Valley, Peru, c.e. Female Hierarchy La Senora de Cao Priestess “Masculine” symbols Arm tattoos: snakes/spiders

14 Huaca Cao Viejo (El Brujo) Murals

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16 Moche Royal Ceramic Vessels Fewer textiles Thousands of pots 2-piece press mold –Clay pressed into mold –Uniformity Slip –Red, white Scorched black pigment Stirrup vessel most popular Functional Sites: –Galindo –Cerro Mayal High Heat Orange Women (Valdivia)

17 Moche Ceramic Portraits Moche style Chicama, Moche and Viru Valley Individuality Cut Lip –45 portraits Political decline disappears

18 Moche Portrait Vessel

19 Moche Spiritual Vessel

20 Moche Commoner Vessels

21 Chapter 5: TIWANAKU AND WARI Akapana Pyramid, Tiwanaku, 300 b.c.e c.e. Interconnected Empires (500 m. apart) Lake Titicaca (W. Bolivia) Moquegua Valley/ Atacama Desert Early Andean influence? Tiwanaku Architecture Akapana Organic 30, ,000 Dry/wet site Adobe or sod Taypikhala: stone in the center Lake Titicaca –Inca Chakana, San Pedro Cactus Llamas, pumas, condors Textiles

22 Akapana Pyramid, Tiwanaku Stone Types –Random range –Regular course ashlar –Flat faces –Metal casts

23 Bennett and Ponce Stele, Tiwanaku

24 Sungate, Tiwanaku Interior Courtyard Series of Doors Textile Covering Solid Stone Double Jambed door Cosmic Portal Tiwanaku Sungate Calendar Animation

25 Sun Gate, Tiwanaku Portal God / Puma Shaman –Female –Birdhead Arrows & Spear- thrower Feathered headdress (condor, San Pedro Cactus) Bird and Human Head Attendants

26 Wari Culture, c.e. Huari (Capital) Architecture –Geometric Textiles –Stepped diamonds, triangles –Cotton –Tie dyed –Mantles, tunics –Multiple colors

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28 Wari Tapestry Tapestry (pile) –Tunics –6-9 m. thread –Puma & Condor –Abstract

29 Wari Textiles

30 Chapter 7: Inca Empire Walls of Fortress of Machu Picchu, Urubamba Valley, Peru, 1490 Southern Peru Tawantinsuyo –Land of the Four Quarters 1300 ce Lake Titicaca, Tiahuanaco Conquered Andes region Ecuador - Chile Cuzco Capital Urban complex Class system Inca - King (Sapa) Quipus - knotted cords, record keeping Viracocha - creator / sea foam Parcarinas - places of emergence Inta: sun Quilla: moon Power of stone Humans from stone Mummies for gods

31 Inca cloth, 1500

32 Sacsahuaman, Cuzco Carved stone Puzzle pieces Up to 100 tons Tripod lift or rolled

33 Machu Picchu / Huayna Pichu, Peru, 1500 Found 1911 Manly Peak & Little Peak Temple of the sun, Royal Palace, barracks, workers quarters, storehouse, baths Hide away City 50 miles away Ashlar Masonry

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35 Temple of the Sun, Machu Picchu

36 Intihuatana stone

37 Brazil/Amazon Pottery, c.e. Marajo island Ananatubas (oldest potters) 15 finishing techniques –Washes, incising, polychrome, etc. Funerary purposes Urn


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