Presentation on theme: "Feeding your Infant Birth to 1 year of age. The American Academy of Pediatrics Recommends: Exclusive Breastfeeding for the first 6 months after birth."— Presentation transcript:
Feeding your Infant Birth to 1 year of age
The American Academy of Pediatrics Recommends: Exclusive Breastfeeding for the first 6 months after birth. Continue for at least 12 months, and thereafter as long as mutually desired.
AAP recommends: Infants who are not breastfed or are partially breastfed should receive an iron-fortified formula from birth to 12 months.
The first 4-6 months of age your baby only needs: Lots of love Breastmilk Or formula
Your infant may be ready for solids when he can: Sit with support Have good head and neck control Open mouth & lean forward to show interest Turn head to indicate he is full Transfer food to back of tongue to swallow Begin chewing movements
Starting solids It is best to start with single grained cereal, like rice. Always feed solid foods from a spoon. Wait until at least 6 months to add other foods.
Beyond cereal: Add plain pureed fruits and vegetables one at a time. Wait 3-5 days between introducing new foods. Juice should be offered in a cup only. Your infant may need a fluoride supplement.
What cup should my infant use? Use a regular cup at home. Avoid sippy cups with a small spout. Don’t allow your baby to carry sippy cup around.
Your infant may be ready for first finger foods when he can: Sit independently and maintain balance Reach and grasp objects with a palmar grasp
Your infant may be ready for the addition of smaller, soft finger foods when he can: Pick up objects between his thumb and finger
Your infant may be ready to transition to soft table foods when he can: Use a munching type chewing ( up & down, some diagonal) Manipulate tongue and food easier ( Caution: Avoid foods which may cause choking )
The addition of protein foods Wait to add meats until 8 or 9 months. Egg yolks can be given at 9 months. Yogurt and cheese can also be introduced.
Once your baby turns one he can: Get off the bottle. Drink whole milk from a cup. Have eggs, citrus juices, peanut butter and honey. ( if no history of allergies ) Transition to family foods.
Summary: Breastfeeding or formula is recommended for the first full year of life. Before beginning solids watch for signs that your infant is ready (usually 5-6 mo.) Gradually introduce other foods as your infant seems ready. Avoid egg white, citrus, peanut butter & honey until 1 year.
Other Resources: American Academy of Pediatrics describes feeding and food readiness by phases: newborn, head up, sitter, crawler, beginning to walk click on “First Finger Food” for good finger food ideas
AAP policy statement on Breastfeeding and the Use of Human Milk AAP policy statement on Use & Misuse of Fruit juice in Pediatrics AAP policy statement on Iron-fortification of Infant formulas ADA FITS (Jan 2004 supplement 1) Nutrition interventions for CSHCN WIC Infant Feeding Class, November Infant Feeding Guide