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Preserving Biodiversity Through the Peanut CRSP J H “Tim” Williams University of Georgia.

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Presentation on theme: "Preserving Biodiversity Through the Peanut CRSP J H “Tim” Williams University of Georgia."— Presentation transcript:

1 Preserving Biodiversity Through the Peanut CRSP J H “Tim” Williams University of Georgia

2 PCRSP approach to Biodiversity Biod preservation needs –Value associated with biod to justify management –Value greater than the opportunity cost of alternatives Alternate economic/social development. Peanut biodiversity has value to peanut industry Technologies that minimize use of chemicals have environmental and biod benefits BioD is both preserved and challenged by development –Poverty associated risks to biodiversity.

3 Direct CRSP Biod Interests –Restricted to peanut wild species preservation, conservation, description Indirect Biod Benefits –Incentive to destroy decreased by alternate economic opportunity –Lower chemical utilization IPM –Lower fossil fuel utilization –Less land clearing

4 History Biodiversity has been secondary objective. –Using and preserving Arachis diversity Collection, description, and evaluation Introgression of useful genes –IPM –Economic development Belize Case Study

5 Present Economic development in critical areas –Guyana –Bolivia –Philippines IPM –Global Biodiversity description –Genomics

6 Guyana Case Study Socio Environmental Baseline Population, Industry, Opportunity Changes since 2001 –Production –Economics Earnings Employment –Environment

7 Baseline

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11 In 5 years in Guyana Production Economy Employment Nutrition

12 Production

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14 Economic

15 Employment

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18 Nutrition

19 PCRSP IPM Global Scope (genetics and husbandry) –Ghana Soap based fungicides –Value to local oil-trees and wood ash –Economic benefits of greater production –Erosion Insecticides –USA Reduced chemicals Reduced energy use

20 Peanut Biodiversity Biodiversity description –evaluation –genomics Exploitation –Nematode resistant lines Productivity maintained Chemicals avoided

21 Missed and Potential Opportunities Aflatoxin in Brazil Nuts Peanut Pastures and Recreational Use –Urban chemical –Wild-life nutrition Global warming –Bio-diesel –Forest preservation –Nitrogen fixation


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