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Materia Medica Heat/Excitation Tissue State Excitation/Irritation Tissue State Characterized by Exaggeration of Function Tissues are in a state of excitation,

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Presentation on theme: "Materia Medica Heat/Excitation Tissue State Excitation/Irritation Tissue State Characterized by Exaggeration of Function Tissues are in a state of excitation,"— Presentation transcript:

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2 Materia Medica Heat/Excitation Tissue State

3 Excitation/Irritation Tissue State Characterized by Exaggeration of Function Tissues are in a state of excitation, irritation or over stimulation. Blood rushes to the area with classic symptoms of heat, redness, swelling and pain. This is not necessarily inflammation as inflammation can have multiple underlying tissue state causes e.g Putrefaction. All excitation is inflammation but not all inflammation is a result of excitation.

4 Primary Symptoms: Heat, Swelling, Redness, Pain associated with immune overreaction and excess. Mucosa & skin: red/pink (carmine) Pulse: Elevated, beats towards surface of vessel; Rapid. Tongue: Elongated, pointed, red, carmine, flame shaped. Urine: Dark and concentrated

5 Remedy Qualities Remedies often have a sour taste. Flavonoids (don’t influence taste), fruit acids and limonene (lemon oil) all reduce tissue irritation/excitation and together yield a sour taste. Cyanogenic glycosides, mainly in the rose family also reduce tissue irritation by interfering with the Krebs cycle and reduce the energy level of the cell.

6 Remedy Families Rose family: Rosaceae – Rosehips, Strawberry leaf, Hawthorne, Peach, Wild cherry bark Honeysuckle family: Caprifoliaceae – Elderflower and berry, Honeysuckle, Cramp bark Rhubarb Family: Polygonaceae – Yellow Dock, Rhubarb, Sheep sorrel, garden sorrel Citrus family: Rutaceae – Lemon, Lime Anomalous: Lavender, Linden, Yarrow, Lemon Balm, Blueberry and Bitter mints, eg. Skullcap.

7 Rose (Rosa spp) Taste/Smell: – Hips-Sour, sweet, cool astringent. – Petals-Sweet, Slightly bitter, aromatic Tissue States: Excitation, relaxation Energetics/Action: – cooling, drying, astringent Parts used: – Hips, Petals most commonly used-most parts of the plant have been used. Seeds are toxic. Constituents: – Tannins, flavonoids, fruit acids, (malic, citric and ascorbic) essential oils and anthocyanidins.

8 Rose (2of 4) Organ affinity: Emotions, Lungs, Cardiovascular, Digestion, Kidneys/Bladder, Sexual system, Muscular/Skeletal Presentation: Delicate, sensitive children, children born by c- section, never have to fight their way out. Specific Indications: Elongated, pointed, red/pink tongue with moisture or streamers down the sides indicating excess dampness.

9 Rose (3 of 4) Characteristic uses : Eyes: Farsightedness Lymphatics: Red, irritated skin and mucosa with watery deposits or stagnation of the lymph of the upper body Respiration: Sore throat, irritated cough; TB (traditional use) Cardiovascular: Vascular anomalies (esp. in children); passive venous congestion; easy bruising, clotting, thrombosis; Digestion: heat/irritation in intestine, constipation, damp mucous containing, unformed stools, chronic yeast infection. Kidneys/bladder: Frequent urination, bedwetting Sexual system: Vaginitis with bleeding and discharge; In TCM for loss of semen and to strengthen the kidneys.

10 Rose (4) Contraindications: – Seeds contain glucoside and are toxic. Rose hip tea can contain fine hairs that are irritating to the throat and mouth that cling to the seeds. Strain well. Preparation & Dosage: – Hips in various preparations: Short decoction, capsules, tincture – Petals as infusion, 1-2 tsp to 8 oz water. 3x/day or as needed – Essential oil

11 Rose Folklore/Magical/: – Wild Rose was standard remedy for rabies by Romans. Distribution/Habitat: – Widely distributed, common in wild but generally not in large stands in northwest. Cultivated are also useable. Be aware of pesticides. – This is the rose city, they grow well here

12 Strawberry (Fragaria ssp.) Taste/Smell: Sweet, cool and moist, mucilaginous, slightly astringent Tissue States: Excitation Energetics/Action: Cooling, refrigerant. Parts used: Leaves Constituents: Fruit acids, leucocoanthocyanin, Vit C, catechins (all cooling) tannins, volatile oils

13 Strawberry (2) Organ affinity: – Emotions, Head, Mouth, lungs, digestion, kidneys/bladder, Female organs, skin, thermoregulation Presentation: – Swollen red, dry tongue, possibly with painful itching and swelling (can cause or cure) Specific Indications: – Head: Red inflamed eyes, stye, – Teeth: Plaque, spongy gums, mouth ulcers, lack of saliva, no appetite. – Digestion: Diarrhea, obstinate dysentery (roots)

14 Strawberry (3) Characteristic Uses: Kidneys and Bladder: Bladder infections with alkaline urine. Scanty dark urine, painful sharp scalding. Female: Menses: irregular, excessive bleeding, vaginal yeast infection with itch Pregnancy: Morning sickness, prevent miscarriage Postpartum: Night sweats Skin: Eczema, psoriasis (internal and external), hives from overconsumption of season fruit (cause and cure) Other: Fever, Gout, High Blood Pressure

15 Strawberry (4) Contraindications: Most likely plant of the rose family to cause allergies. Preparation & Dosage: 1tsp of dried herb to 1 pint water, steep 20 min. Distribution/Habitat: Found widely in scattered stands in Northwest.

16 Hawthorne (Crataegus ssp) Taste/Smell: Berries: sweet, sour astringent, Leaves: astringent and sweet, Flowers: putrid smell. Tissue States: Excitation, Atrophy, Relaxation Energetics /Action: Cooling, Sedating, Diuretic, tonic, Digestive, Cardiotonic, Antioxidant Astringent Parts used: Berries, Flowers, Leaves Constituents: Flavonoids, esp Rutin oligomeric procyanidins and numerous acids

17 Hawthorne (2) Organ affinity: Emotional, Respiratory, Heart/circulatory, Digestion Presentation: Person is worse from excitement or exertion physical or mental, redness under the nose. Heartache, physical or emotional. Irritable and nervous. Specific Indications: If skin of the palms or fingers is red, press and watch for blanching (skin stays white longer than normal). Characteristic uses: – Emotional: Can’t focus, restless, irritable, nervous; ADD

18 Hawthorne (3) Heart and Circulation: Angina, Degenerative conditions of heart Hypertension: Opens coronary circulation. May reduce deposits and/or effects of arteriosclerosis Cardiac arrhythmias: Particularly effective with extra systoles and acute tachycardia. Fever: Weakness of myocardium after fever, flu etc. Also with excessive sweating after such events Gray pallor showing possible heart attack Pulse: rapid irregular, intermittent and small, feeble, deep.

19 Hawthorne (4) Digestion: – Food sits in stomach, ferments. Indigestion, heartburn constipation, atonic lower intestine – Nervous stomach Other: – Allergies; – Inflammatory arthritis; – Low blood pressure; exhaustion from small movement.

20 Hawthorne (5) Contraindications: Can increase effectiveness of cardiac drugs like digitoxin, digoxin, and other cardiac glycosides. If taking heart medication concurrently with Hawthorne, should be monitored. Preparation & Dosage: Overnight infusion of flowers-1 heaping tsp per cup, water decoction of berries 2-3x day or more Dry Berries 1:5 50% alcohol, 40% water, 10% Glycerine Fresh leaf/Flower 1:2 75 alcohol, 15% water 10% glycerin Dosage: MW doses or drops 4x per day Folklore/Magical: Story of Thomas the Rhymer, Tree of the Celts and the Faerie Folk Distribution/Habitat-Widely distributed in northwest

21 Wild Cherry (Prunus serotina) Taste/Smell: Sweet, Bitter, Astringent, almond-like taste. Tissue States: Excitation, Depression Energetics/Action: Hot and cold, damp and dry. Astringent, Expectorant, Sedating. Parts used: Bark Constituents: Flavonoids, bitter cyanogens, tannins, bit of mucilage, resins and volatile oils

22 Wild Cherry 2 of 4 Organ affinity: Heart /Circulatory, Digestion, Lungs Presentation/Specific Indications: People with tendency to red histaminic reactions; thin people with cold extremities and cool damp skin. Nervousness, recovering from debilitating illness. Reddish, slightly purple and yellow skin that blanches under pressure Characteristic uses: – Respiration: Suppresses the cough reflex; Calms irritated, histaminic, excited coughs; treats old tired coughs that linger after infection is passed; pleurisy, bronchitis; pneumonia; Accumulation of hardened mucus. – Cardiovascular: Pulse weak and erratic, Cardiac irregularities in bronchitis, anemia or nervousness. Heart palpitations, high blood pressure; “Heart fire blazing” in Traditional Chinese Medicine.

23 Wild Cherry 3 0f 4 Characteristic uses:  Digestion: Nervous irritation of GI tract; Food allergies, celiac disease; Poor digestion from weakness after illness. Irritable hemorrhoids.  Skin-Shingles; Herpes - when eruption is on tongue or in mouth. Esp with general redness not vesicles. With vesicles try Ranunculous bulbosus.  Thermoregulation- Fever  Other: Lack of muscular tone after illness, nervous irritability.  Works well in formulations

24 Cherry 4 of 4 Contraindications: Some say use lower dose for shorter periods due to cyanogens, others say look to the extensive historical record of safety even with children and use as it has been used. When to Harvest: Opinions vary; Collect in spring and fall unlike some barks that are collected in winter. Preparation &Dosage: – Decoction: 1 tsp dried bark per cup of water – Dry Bark Tincture: 1:2 50% alc d 4x per day (first soak in water overnight to remove excess cyanogens) Distribution/Habitat- present in the wild in Northwest.

25 Peach (Prunus persica) Taste/Smell: Sour, bitter, sweet; mucilagenous. Tissue States: Excitation, Atrophy Energetics/Action: Cooling, moistening, sedating, slightly demulcent. Parts used: Twigs, bark, leaves, kernal, even fruit Constituents: Fruit acids, cyanogens

26 Peach (2 of 4) Organ affinity: Emotions, Respiration, Digestion, Skin Specific Indication: Carmine, flame shaped, red and dry tongue. (If moist think rose or linden, if harshly dry and burnished think marshmallow for dryness causing heat). Allergic, hot, irritated, jangled nerves, fair skin people, insomnia, overstimulation. Characteristic uses: – Complexion-Fair skinned, irritation from heat, allergies, immune excess. – Mind/Emotion-Nervousness, overstimulation, insomnia – Respiration-Allergies, esp eyes, nose, – Cough with irritation and dryness, eg. whooping cough, chronic bronchitis.

27 Peach (3 of 4) Digestion: Gastritis, dyspepsia, diarrhea, nausea. Vomiting during pregnancy. Fever: With heat and dryness Other: – Hives, rashes, allergic skin; Mild pain reliever. – Cyanide disrupts krebs cycle in mitochondria of cells to decrease activity of the cell and associated tissue – Peach leaf tea is used in some Native American groups to precede bad news and discipline children.

28 Peach (4 of 4) Contraindications: Large amounts of cyanide are poisonous, so use only small doses of peach preparation that have characteristic bitter almond taste and smell of cyanide. Preparation & Dosage: – Cold infusion of bark, twigs and leaves 1 tsp per 8oz water. 3x day – Tincture : 1:5 (dry herb) tincture 40% alcohol, 1-10 drops of tincture 1-3x daily. Distribution/Habitat- Cultivated. Portland is within its northern range though mostly it thrives under cultivation further south.

29 Cramp Bark (Viburnum opulus, V. trilobum) Taste/Smell: sour, acrid. There are few plants that combine these flavors to target irritation and tension. Tissue States: irritation, tension Energetics/Action: antispasmodic, astringent, cooling, nervine, carminative, anti-inflammatory. Parts used: bark Constituents: hydroquinones, coumarins, tannins

30 Cramp bark (2) Organ affinity: Female reproductive, Nervous, Digestion, Kidneys, Respiratory, Muscular/Skeletal system. Specific Indications: cramp-like, spasmodic pains, pain recurring at intervals, spasmodic and congestive conditions especially of the female genitourinary tract. Characteristic uses: – Mind, senses, nerves, emotions, personality Nervous tension restores sympathetic and parasympathetic balance

31 Cramp bark (3) Female – Uterine cramps – Menses; bearing down pains precede the period; late period, scanty, with cramps; heaviness, aching in ovaries, sacrum, down the back and thighs. – Irritation from IUD. – Pregnancy: cramping during, repeated early miscarriage – Labor - spasmodic contractions and hemorrhage during labor and post partum. – Post-partum pains

32 Cramp bark (4) – Respiratory system: Acute spasms of bronchitis, whooping cough, and asthma. – Digestive System: Painful intestinal cramping Sudden abdominal cramps and colic Enteritis, colitis, dysentery Nervous indigestion, flatulence – Kidneys and Bladder: Spasmodic stricture in urinary tract infections Enuresis, cystitis

33 Cramp bark (5) – Other: Crampy back pains, sore nape of neck or sacrum. Upper and lower back issues (old whiplash stuff) Cramping and fever Neuralgia – Preparation & Dosage Fresh or dry bark tincture. 1:5 dry tincture 50% alc drops 1-4 x/day. – Distribution/Habitat Viburnum opulus is native to Europe; V. trilobum is native to north America; V. edule in Northwest.

34 Elder (Sambucus ssp) Taste/Smell: Sweet, Sour, Slightly Acrid, Tissue States: – Dry flowers: Excitation, Tension, Depression – Berries: Excitation, Tension, Atrophy Energetics/Action: Moist, cooling, sedating, stimulating diaphoretic, mild laxative, diuretic. Elder opens all tubes of body: Skin, lungs, colon, kidneys, blood vessels, increasing oxygenation and removal of waste Parts used: Flowers, Berries Constituents: – Berries: Flavonoids, Cyanogens, some volatile oils, – Flowers: Coumarins, Bitters, flavonoids, fatty acid rich volatile oils, mucilage, sterols and tannins

35 Elder 2  Organ affinity: Psychological, Respiratory, Cardiovascular, Thermoregulation, Skin, Immune, Kidneys, Lymph.  Presentation/Specific Indications: – In Infants indicated by blue pale coloring across the nose, and red dry irritated skin on cheeks. It lubricates skin, improves respiration. Great children’s remedy. – Full bodied persons, esp. women with red blue marbling of flesh on arms and legs with colic, lower back pain and water retention, puffy skin. – Older persons w/ edema, blue swollen ankles – Pale, blue, swelling (stagnant blood and fluids) and/or dry, red, skin. Characteristic uses: Respiratory: – Postnasal drip. Chronic sinusitis. – Wakes at night, can’t breathe, turns blue – Spasmodic cough, croup

36 Elder 3 Digestion: Intestinal colic, constipation Skin: Eczema, weeping eczema, purplish, mottled skin, appears swollen Thermoregulation: Fever, Flu, Other viral infections eg West Nile. Great for immunity esp. during cold season. Flowers stimulate sweating to break fever. Warm infusion is best in this application. Classic formula is Elder, Peppermint and Yarrow. Kidneys: Increases flow through kidneys. Has been used in rheumatic conditions where a diuretic is helpful. Other : Has been used externally and internally for sprains esp. with classic elder coloring: purple, swollen, little reddish, white esp wrists and ankles. Has anti-hepatotoxic, and anti-viral compounds.

37 Elder 4 Contraindicaitons : Entire plant is somewhat toxic Large doses are cathartic, may cause nausea, tachycardia, diarrhea. Red Elder is considered more toxic and not used in herbal medicine, though some sources consider it edible in the northwest When to Harvest: – Flowers: Midsummer to late summer (Red flowers earlier and isn’t used) – Berries: later summer, early fall – You can often find flowers and berries on same plant at same time Preparation & Dosage: – Dried Flowers: Infusion 2-4 oz in 3 cups water. Divide to 3x per day – Dried Berries: up to 3 oz per 3 cups-divide into 3 divided doses

38 Elder 5 – Tincture Fresh Berries 1:2 100% alc., 20-60d 3x day – Tincture Fresh Flowers 1:2 75 % alc. 25 % h2o, 20-60d 3x day Folklore/Magical: One of 2 or 3 primal remedies of European herbal tradition. King Charlemagne decreed that an Elder be planted in every yard to be a ‘medicine cabinet’. Called Little Elder Mother, associations to the queen of the underworld. It was once believed to be dangerous to fall asleep under an elder due to danger of being taken to the underworld, with which this tree is often associated. According to some Christ was crucified on Elder, and Judas hanged himself on an Elder tree. Distribution/Habitat-Widely distributed in Northwest

39 Yellow Dock (Rumex crispus) Taste/Smell: sour, astringent, bitter Tissue States: irritation/excitation, relaxation, stagnation Energetics/Action: cooling (sour), somewhat astringent (binding, drying), alterative (bitter), hepatice, cholagogue, cleansing, laxative. Helps downward movement in digestive tract. Parts used: root Constituents: small amounts of anthraquinone, tannins, oxalates, glycosides

40 Yellow Dock (2) Organ affinity: Digestive system, liver, Kidneys and Bladder, head and respiratory system. Presentation: – Yellow around eyes, nose, and mouth with reddish, often dry cheeks (stagnation of digestive tract). – Elongated pointed red tongue with red on the sides, tip, or middle, often with thrush-like coating on back or sides. – Overabundance of saliva showing digestive over activity, excessive appetite, and excessive Hydrochloric acid. – Slow digestion; food sits in stomach like a brick, in the colon. Characteristic Usage: Digestive System: Digestive Normalizer.

41 Yellow Dock (3) – Excess stomach secretions and hydrochloric acid; gastric reflux due to heat; red tipped tongue, excess salivation and big appetite. Compared to reflux due to cold digestion/hypochlorhydria/gastric hypofunctioning (pale tongue, thick tongue coating, lack of appetite, food sits in stomach, feels like a brick, and ferments). See bitters. – Diarrhea, dysentary, colitis. – Diarrhea, especially in the morning; exhaustive, scanty, bloody, offensive, colicky pains before and after passage, sinking sensation in the stomach. – Pain in lower back caused by constipation (person more aware of pain than of constipation). – Hemorrhoids, with bleeding, itching, pain, poor expulsion of stool.

42 Yellow Dock (4) Liver – Torpid or sluggish liver, gallstones Skin – Red, damp, skin conditions including eczema, psoriasis and acne. – Chronic erysipelas, or inflamed puffiness of the skin (dry root decoction). Female – Poor iron absorption/anemia, amenorrhea, Pregnancy: anemia (with nettles). Head: – Nursing sore mouth with ulcerated mucosa; thrush – Tongue elongated, pointed, red with patches of white on the back or in mouth, heavy thrush-like coating

43 Yellow Dock (5) Contraindications: use cautiously if person has history of oxalate kidney stones. Preparation & Dosage: Root is ideally collected after going to seed in summer or fall and used by decoction or tincture. Usual dose of tincture 5-30 drops (Fyfe), or drops twice per day (Gagnon). Curly dock rather than water dock should be used. Distribution/Habitat: Grows widely throughout North America. Mostly replaced in Northwest by Rumex obtusifolia.

44 Lemon Balm (Melissa officinalis) Taste/Smell: sour, slightly sweet, aromatic lemony smell Tissue States: heat/excitation Energetics/Action: cooling, calming, nervine, sedative, mild anti- depressant, mild anti-spasmodic, carminative, Diaphoretic, antiviral. Parts used: flowering herb Constituents: (major constituents): several flavonoids, triterpenes, and essential oils (including citronella).

45 Lemon Balm (2) Organ affinity: nervous system, respiratory system, heart, digestive system, thyroid (hyper), thermoregulation/fever Tongue/Pulse: Rapid and or superficial pulse, and an elongated pointed, red tongue. Characteristic uses: – Nervous system: Sympathetic excess, hyper-adrenalism, Nervousness, depression, anxiety, panic attacks, insomnia. Debility and weakness of nervous origin Nervous headache (cold infusion)

46 Lemon Balm (3) Respiratory System: – Antiviral, colds, coughs Thyroid and Heart – Hyperthyroidism, anxiety, palpitations, headaches, irritability. – Atrial fibrillation, heart palpitations, high blood pressure associated with anxiety and hyperthyroidism. – Rapid or superficial pulse. Digestive System: – Dyspepsia, upset stomach, flatulence. – Nervous indigestion (hot tea after meal) – Nausea and vomiting.

47 Lemon Balm (4) Skin: – Burns, blisters, herpes/cold sores (very useful), stings, burning sensations. – Sweaty palms (hyperthyroid/hyper adrenalism). Fevers: – Recent colds and fevers (hot tea to promote perspiration). – Acute febrile conditions in children – Depression following exhaustive fevers and long irritation of the digestion.

48 Lemon Balm 5 Contraindications: hypothyroidism, pregnancy When to Harvest: summer Preparation and Dosage: fresh tincture 1:2 100% alcohol. Fresh tincture preferred d 3-5/day or as needed Distribution: Widely distributed in Northwest (wild and cultivated).

49 Linden Flower, Tilia americana, T.ssp. Taste/Smell: sweet, slightly astringent. Tissue state: heat/excitation, atrophy, relaxation Energetics/Action: moist, cool, diaphoretic, diuretic, hypotensive, antispasmodic, sedative, nervine, antidepressant. Parts used: flower and leaves Constituents: flavonoids, tannins, mucilage, sterols, steroidal saponins, volatile oils.

50 Linden Flower (2) Organ affinity: nervous system, thermoregulation, respiratory system, digestive system, cardiovascular system. Characteristic uses – Nervous system, mind, emotions: Nervousness, restlessness, hyperactivity, insomnia, hypertension. Panic attacks, anxiety Nervous headache, migraine, dizziness, neuralgia, convulsions (children). – Respiratory system: Influenza, fever, colds, coughs.

51 Linden Flower (3) : Digestion: – Indigestion, nervous vomiting, painful digestion, colic, diarrhea. Cardiovascular & Blood: – Heart palpitations, cramps – Arteriosclerosis and hypertension associated with nervous tension. Other: If client is on cortisone this remedy is indicated.

52 Linden (4) Contraindications: none known Preparation & Dosage: American and European species are interchangeable. – Infusion: 1-2 tsp per cup water – 1:5 dry herb tincture drops 1-4 times/day. Distribution/Habitat: Often planted along residential streets in the Northwest. See Powell Boulevard Portland in the 20s and 30s and beyond.

53 Yarrow (Achillea millefolium) Taste/Smell: bitter, pungent, acrid, astringent, aromatic. Tissue States: excitation, depression, relaxation Energetics/Action: cooling & warming (normalizing), drying, diaphoretic, bitter tonic, astringent, hemostatic, anti-inflammatory. Parts used: flowers and leaves Constituents: flavonoids, vitamin C, bitters, tannins, alkaloids, sterols, phenolic acids (incl. salicylates), coumarins, sesquiterpene lactones, volitile oils, and many others.

54 Yarrow (2) Organ affinity: circulatory system, digestion, female, thermoregulation/fever, respiratory system, kidney/bladder, wounds/injuries. Presentation – Robust sanguine persons, with red, full blooded complexion. – Skin complexion is red with blue veins showing through on the arms and legs; bruises are red and blue. Specific Indications: – Tongue elongated, pointed, red, blue in center, dry toward center, not heavily coated, wet toward edges. – Tongue cracked down middle and opening to reveal crisscrossed red tissues (feathered look - like a yarrow leaf). – Rapid, full, non-resistant pulse.

55 Yarrow (3) Characteristic uses: Mind, senses, nerves emotions, personality – ‘wounded warrior, wounded healer’ remedy; and sensitive delicate persons. Wounds/Injuries/Bleeding – Lacerations; injuries to arteries of violent origin, hemorrhage of bright arterial blood. – Bruises of violent origin, with cuts (cf. Arnica - bruises w/out cuts / bleeding) – Old bruises that have become hard, especially to head – Internal bleeding/hemorrhage; Stroke, head injury; Cerebral thrombosis; Nosebleed – Acute inflammation with congestion of blood

56 Yarrow (4) Respiration: – Bronchitis, pleurisy, pneumonia, inflammation and pain in the chest; bleeding from lungs with night sweats. Digestion: Lack of appetite, bloating, digestive cramps, colic. Dyspepsia, colitis, diverticulitis, with tongue cracked down middle and full, non-resistant pulse. OR pale dry tongue (cold digestive system). Bleeding from stomach and intestines Bleeding hemorrhoids Decongests internal organs when blood is collecting in the interior. Brings blood to surface and improves digestion and assimilation. A cold cup of yarrow tea stimulates digestion, while a hot cup tends to open the skin.

57 Yarrow (5) Female: – Lack of menstrual flow (slow onset), or heavy hemorrhagic flow/excessive bleeding. – Reduces uterine and circulatory blood congestion and moderates menstruation. – Clumsy feeling before period; menstrual cramping – Uterine fibroids with bright red hemorrhage (cf. Capsella (Shepherds purse), fibroids w clotted dark flow). – Endometriosis (cf. Trillium) – Inflammation of ovaries – Atonic uterus and vagina, and Uterine prolapse – Menopause, restless night sweats – Pregnancy & Parturition - clumsiness 12 hrs before delivery due to hormonal changes, and prevents excessive bleeding; pain after delivery, suppression of the lochia.

58 Yarrow (6) Fever: – In acute fever, rapid, full, non-resistant pulse. – Fever; sudden onset, with or without chills (especially in robust persons) – Fever; chicken pox, measles (brings out the rash). – Acute fever, early stages; skin cool, weak pulse, brings circulation to the surface and brings out the rash. Circulation and blood – Yarrow is Master of the Blood – Varicose veins; High blood pressure when there is blood congestion; thrombosis, stroke, clotting disorders; arterial bleeding. Kidney & Bladder – Acute inflammation and bleeding (Nephritis) – Acute cystitis with or without bleeding with scanty urine and incontinence.

59 Yarrow (7) Contraindications: Be aware of possible allergies. Some say avoid during first trimester. Preparation & Dosage: – Harvest flower tops in summer. Yarrow from harsher environments seem to have stronger medicinal properties. – Infusion: 1 tsp per cup of water; – Tincture 1:1 fresh tincture 100% alcohol, drops 1-4 times per day. Distribution/Habitat: Widely distributed worldwide.

60 Lavender (Lavendula angustifolia ) Taste/Smell: aromatic, bitter Tissue States: excitation, constriction, atrophy, depression Energetics/Action: antiseptic, cooling, stimulating, relaxing, carminative, antidepressant, and nervine. Parts used: flower Constituents: volatile oils, triterpenes, coumarins, flavonoids.

61 Lavender (2) Organ affinity: Nervous system, respiratory system, skin, digestive system. Presentation/Constitution: Irritability, nervousness, anxiety, panic, depression, nervous exhaustion, especially in Vata types. Driven people with too high standards, insomnia and irritability from stress and overwork. Characteristic uses: – Mind, senses, nerves, emotions, personality Perfectionist, detail-oriented, picky Depression and mild anxiety Insomnia; mind too active to sleep

62 Lavender (3) Head: – Dizziness, fainting – Severe headaches, neuralgia of the head (a drop of oil on temple) – Migraine from detail work or overwork, head droops from fatigue Digestion: – Nervous dyspepsia with flatulence, cramping, nausea, vomiting – Stomach cramp, intestinal gas and colic – Motion sickness

63 Lavender (4) – Respiratory System: Influenza, bronchitis, asthma, whooping cough, Pneumonia – Liver: liver congestion – Skin Burns, vesiculation with redness – Cardiovascular system: Emotional mental unrest with anxiety and palpitations. – Muscular /skeletal Painful arthritic joints and weak limbs

64 Lavender (5) Contraindications: Some herbalists advise avoiding in pregnancy unless supervised by qualified practitioner. Preparation & Dosage: – Essential oil (most commonly used preparation external and inhalation) – 1-2 tsp /cup water (infusion) – 1:5 dry liquid extract: drops 1-4x/day Distribution/Habitat: Common garden herb in Northwest.

65 Motherwort (Leonurus cardiaca) Taste/Smell: Bitter, Acrid, Aromatic Tissue States: Excitation, Tension, Atrophy Energetics/Actions: Nervine, Sedative, Hypotensive, Cardiotonic, Bitter refrigerant, Emmenagogue, antispasmodic. Parts used: Aerial parts Constituents: Alkaloids, Bitter iridoids, diterpenes, Flavonoids, Plant acids, Resins, Tannins and Volatile oils.

66 Motherwort 2 Organ affinity: Mind, Heart/cardiovascular, Digestion, Kidneys, Female system, thermoregulation Presentation: Heart palpitations. Disturbed sleep. Nervousness, anxiety in menopausal women. Issues of the heart, mind, and uterus. Characteristic uses: – Mind: Insomnia, anxiety, dizziness from peripheral tension.

67 Motherwort 3 Digestion: Indigestion due to nervous irritability Cardiovascular: – Heart palpitations during pregnancy, menstruation or menopause. High blood pressure. – Hyperthyroidism with heart symptoms including tachycardia, heart palpitations. (compare to Lycopus and Melissa). – Tachycardia due to anxiety Female: Superlative female remedy – Premenstrual cramps, nervousness, esp with delayed menstruation; congestive amenorrhea, and dysmenorhea. – Suppressed lochia. It expels afterbirth. – Relaxes and organizes the contractility of the uterus.

68 Motherwort 4 Thermoregulation: – Fever, colds, chills, flu esp. when nerves are affected, debility, exhaustion. – Opens the skin as a diaphoretic – Hot flashes, heart palpitations and nervousness following fever. – Spasms, seizures associated with fever Other: – Mildly stimulates the kidneys and colon, – Some benefit in melancholy – Used in china as kidney remedy.

69 Motherwort 5 Contraindications: Contraindicated during pregnancy due to emmenagogue effects. Contraindicated for hypothyroid. When to Harvest: All summer Preparation & Dosage: Infusion: 1 oz: 8oz up to 4x daily 1:2 tincture drops up to 4x per day. Distribution/Habitat: Cultivated in our region. Grows very well in Northwest gardens.

70 Lycopus/Bugleweed (Lycopus virginicus ) Taste/Smell: Bitter Tissue States: Excitation, Atrophy Energetics/Actions: Cooling, Drying, Sedative Astringent, Hemostatic, Nervine, Diuretic. Parts used: Aerial parts Constituents: Flavonoids (cooling) bitters, tannins, and volatile oils

71 Lycopus 2 Organ affinity: – Mind, Heart, Circulation, Digestion, Thyroid Presentation and Specific Indications – Staring, fearful, hunted animal eyes. – Pulse rapid and tumultuous showing heart excitation – Hyperthyroidism, (compare with Motherwort and Melissa); hyperadrenalism. Characteristic Uses: – Mind: anxious, driven, fearful – Insomnia- Morbid vigilance (extreme insomnia )

72 Lycopus 3 Circulatory: – Irregular rapid pulse – Labored tumultuous action of heart with skin blanched and extremities cold – Equalizes circulation; Tachycardia; arrhythmias; Often works in conditions where digitalis fails. – Heart palpitations with nervous origin – Maybe useful in pericarditis and endocarditis (Ellingwood). – Passive capillary congestion Endocrine: – Reduces output of Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH) from pituitary, turning down excessive thyroid level – Reduces hyperadrenalism Other: Bleeding in various organs, kidneys, lungs etc.

73 Lycopus 4 Contraindications: Due to complex pharmacology and endocrine effects it is not advised for nursing mothers, pregnant women and in cases of hypothyroidism. Not advised for moderate coronary artery disease without expert guidance. When to Harvest: Before flowering is best Preparation & Dosage: – Tincture 1:2 Fresh herb drops 3x/day For heart arrhythmias lower more frequent doses. – Cold infusion 1 oz to 8oz water up to 3x daily Distribution/Habitat- L. uniflorus common in wet areas, low to middle elevations in Northwest.

74 Skullcap (Scutellaria lateriflora) Taste/Smell: Bitter Tissue States: Excitation, Constriction, Atrophy Energetics/Actions – Cooling, Sedative, Antispasmodic, Nervine, Hypotensive, Anxiolytic Parts used: Aerial parts Constituents: Flavonoids, bitter iridoids, volatile oil, tannins

75 Skullcap 2 Organ affinity: Mind, Nervous system, Musculoskeletal. Presentation: Overly sensitive to sound, lights, activity. Anxiety. Restless, twitches before sleep, digestive constriction. Restlessness with fever. Nervous fear. Characteristic Uses: – Mind: oversensitivity, irritability, insomnia with twitching, nervous stomach. – Nervous system: Musculoskeletal spasm and twitching due to nervous origin. Can bring this about in large doses. Can also cause twitching and spasm.

76 Skullcap 3 Nervous System continued: – Nervous excitability and exhaustion. Functions here as a nerve trophorestorative – Once used to help treat epileptic seizures Thermoregulation: – For high fever with delirium, tremors spasms – Mild fever with irritability, insomnia – Restores the nervous system after a high or protracted fever has caused imbalance Musculoskeletal: – Twitchy muscles, twitching during sleep – Nervous excitability

77 Skullcap 4 Contraindications: Earlier reports of hepatotoxicity were due to adulteration with Germander When to Harvest: Before seed is best. Preparation & Dosage: – Infusion 1-2 tsp in 8oz water up to 4x daily – Tincture: Dry 1:5 in 40% alc drops up to 4x daily Distribution : Scutellaria lateriflora grows wild in OR in moist bottom lands, meadows and grassy clearings. Grows well cultivated. Can be easily confused with relatives. Safest to pick cultivated.

78 Passionflower (Passiflora incarnata) Taste/Smell: sour, sweet Tissue States: Tension, Excitation Energetics/Action: cooling, relaxing Parts used: flowering herb Constituents: flavonoids (inc. rutin), indole alkaloids, fatty acids, and sterols.

79 Passionflower (2) Organ affinity: Nervous system, Mind, Head, Respiratory system, Digestive System, Female reproductive Presentation: Overactive mind, mind chatter, nervous excitement, irritation, agitation, or exhaustion with muscular twitches; convulsions of any character; neuralgias. Characteristic uses: – Mind senses nerves, emotions, personality Wakefulness, insomnia, mental chatter, inability to turn off the internal dialogue; easily distracted and over stimulated during the day with difficulty falling asleep at night. Sleeplessness following excessive use of alcohol. – Head Acts strongly on hind brain (medulla oblongata)

80 Passionflower (3) Respiratory System Spasmodic Asthma; spasmodic cough, dry nervous cough. Contraindications: In sensitive individuals or children may cause overexcitement, nausea, or vomiting. unknown Preparation & Dosage: There is great variation in the medicinal properties of the wild plant. Dry flower extract 1:2: 5-40 drops 3-5x day Distribution/Habitat: Native in southern united states and Guatemala. Cultivated in Northwest. Flowers but doesn’t fruit

81 Other plants that fit this tissue state Rhubarb root(Rheum officinale) Sheep Sorrel (Rumex acetosella) Garden Sorrel (Rumex acetosa) Lemon/lime (Citrus spp) Blueberry (Vaccinium spp) Honeysuckle (Lonicera ssp.) *In general most fruits and berries are cooling and fit this tissue state


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