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Figurative Language.

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Presentation on theme: "Figurative Language."— Presentation transcript:

1 Figurative Language

2 Day 1

3 Simile Definition A comparison of two unlike things using the words like or as. Examples: His feet were as big as boats. She dances like a princess. Purpose Makes it easier for a reader to understand the subject matter by comparing it to something else.

4 Metaphor Definition A comparison of two unlike things describing one as if it were the other. Does not use like or as. Examples: Her hair is silk. She is a graceful swan. Purpose Makes it easier for a reader to understand the subject matter by comparing it to something else.

5 Simile and Metaphor Practice
For each example below, identify whether it is a simile or metaphor. Write “S” next to the Similes and “M” next to the metaphors. The assignment was a breeze. Her voice is music to his ears. Our soldiers are as brave as lions. Jim was boiling mad. Her cheeks are red like a rose.

6 Simile and Metaphor Practice
For each example below, identify whether it is a simile or metaphor. Write “S” next to the Similes and “M” next to the metaphors. The assignment was a breeze. (M) Her voice is music to his ears. (M) Our soldiers are as brave as lions. (S) Jim was boiling mad. (M) Her cheeks are red like a rose. (S)

7 Hyperbole Definition An exaggeration Examples:
My date last night was the most beautiful girl in the world. My backpack weighs a ton! I told you to clean your room a million times! Purpose To make feelings seem more intense. To emphasize a point for an amusing effect.

8 Hyperbole Practice As a group, come up with one hyperbole about homework.

9 Alliteration Definition
Repeated sounds occurring at the beginning of words This should be used intentionally, not coincidentally Examples: But a better butter makes a batter better. Circe sat near the silent sea. Purpose Creates a musical effect in the text that enhances the pleasure of reading.

10 Alliteration Practice
Write two sentences that use alliteration. One sentence must use your name. One sentence must use an animal.

11 Personification Definition
Human characteristics are given to nonhuman things. Examples: The leaves danced in the wind. The mountain held the clouds on its shoulders. Purpose To bring inanimate things to life, so that their nature and actions are understood in a better way.

12 Personification Practice
Create one example of personification about a computer. Create one example of personification using a tree.

13 Idiom Definition An expression that means something other than its actual words. You don’t take the words literally. It doesn’t quite mean what it says Examples: It’s raining cats and dogs. = It’s raining really hard I heard it straight from the horse’s mouth. = Sally got up on the wrong side of the bed! = Purpose Convey complex ideas in a few words Ensure the understanding of a listener

14 Idiom Practice Identify one example of an idiom and explain what it means literally.

15 Cliché Definition: An overused expression. Examples:
“Everything happens for a reason.” “Love conquers all.” Purpose Convey complex ideas in a few words Ensure the understanding of a listener

16 Cliché-Practice Think of one cliché involving money
Think of one cliché involving love/relationships Think of one cliché involving looks/beauty

17 Cliché vs. Idiom An idiom CAN be a cliché, but not necessarily.
Some idioms have been used so much that they have become cliché. Not ALL clichés are idioms, and not all idioms are cliché. Clichés that ARE idioms Clichés that ARE NOT idioms Idioms that ARE NOT cliché Think outside the box See the glass half full Love is blind Fall head over heels Money doesn’t grow on trees Only time will tell Lost track of time Good riddance Play our cards right Every cloud has its silver lining. Cliché – can be figurative (idioms – provide example) or literal (“tell the truth”), considered poor writing Idiom – always figurative, considered good writing, can become cliché after overuse

18 Allusion Definition: A brief reference to a person, place, or event of historical, cultural, literary, or political significance. Does not describe in detail the person or thing to which it refers. The writer expects the reader to possess enough knowledge to spot the allusion and grasp its importance. Often explained in the foot notes. Examples: Don’t act like a Romeo in front of her (Allusion to “Romeo and Juliet”) = don’t act so romantic I think your nose is growing (allusion to “Pinocchio”) = you are lying. Purpose Enables a writer to simplify complex ideas and emotions.

19 Allusion - Practice Complete the chart below by explaining a situation in which the allusion would be used. Allusion Situation Ex: “May the force be with you” When a teacher passes out a test to students. 1 “He is like the Hulk.” 2 “Don’t be a Scrooge”

20 Day 2

21 Imagery Definition: Language that appeals to a reader’s sense of sight, hearing, smell, taste, or touch. Helps a reader visualize Examples: “The lake was icy blue. The only sound that could be heard was the chirping of distant birds. The air was cool and crisp on my skin and I could see my breath in the morning air.” Purpose : allows an author to express thoughts more vividly or to bring out emotions in readers

22 Imagery-Practice Work with your group to describe the classroom using your five senses

23 Oxymoron Definition An expression in which two contradictory words appear side by side Often, at least one word’s meaning cannot be taken literally. Examples: Jumbo Shrimp Working Vacation Small Crowd Purpose Create an ironic sense of humor Emphasize certain qualities or ideas Confuse the reader

24 Oxymoron-Practice With your group, explain how each of these are examples of oxymorons. 1. Plastic glasses 2. Minor crisis 3. Unbiased Opinion Then-write two of your own oxymorons

25 Paradox Definition Examples:
A statement that seems to contradict itself, but may be true. Examples: “No one goes to that restaurant because it is overcrowded.” “Don’t go near the water ‘til you have learned how to swim.” Purpose attracts the reader’s attention and gives emphasis creates an unusual thought or visual image with words conveys a tone of irony

26 Paradox-Practice Explain how each of the each of the following represents a paradox: The man who wrote such a stupid sentence cannot write at all “Whatever you do will be insignificant, but it is very important that you do it.” –Gandhi

27 Contradictory (seem like opposites)
Paradox vs. Oxymoron Paradox A statement Seen as a thought or logic game Example: “This statement is false.” You have to be cruel to be kind. Oxymoron Two words Example: Awfully good Alone together Both Contradictory (seem like opposites)

28 Pun Definition A humorous play on words which suggests multiple meanings Examples: “Where do pancakes live? In a flat!” “I used to be a baker but I didn’t make enough dough.” “Seven days without pizza makes one weak.” Purpose amusement reinforce meaning

29 Pun-Practice With your group, explain how the third example is a pun.
-“Where do pancakes live? In a flat!” -“I used to be a baker, but I didn’t make enough dough.” -“Seven days without pizza makes one weak.” Write your own pun!

30 Assonance Definition: Repeated vowel sounds within words.
The author does this intentionally, not on accident. Examples: Some ship in distress that cannot live. Wear it here and there and everywhere. Purpose Improves the rhythm and flow of a poem Forces the reader to pay attention to certain words Engages a reader’s attention

31 Assonance-Practice Write two examples of assonance. One of the two must not rhyme!

32 Consonance Definition:
Repetition of consonant sounds within or at the end of words The author does this intentionally, not on accident. Examples: “But the father never answered a word. “We passed the last tree.” Purpose Improves the rhythm and flow of a poem Forces the reader to pay attention to certain words Engages a reader’s attention

33 Consonance-Practice Write two sentences that use consonance. One may not rhyme!

34 Assonance and Consonance Practice
For each example below, identify whether it is a simile or metaphor. Write “A” next to the example of assonance and “C” next to the example of consonance. We light the fire on the mountain. I feel depressed and restless. The ship has sailed to the far off shores. The engineer held the steering wheel. And yet we knew that gentle clock meant nought.

35 Assonance and Consonance Practice
For each example below, identify whether it is a simile or metaphor. Write “A” next to the example of assonance and “C” next to the example of consonance. We light the fire on the mountain. (A) I feel depressed and restless. (C & A) The ship has sailed to the far off shores. (C) The engineer held the steering wheel. (C & A) And yet we knew that gentle clock meant nought. (C)

36 Euphemism Definition:
An idiomatic expression which replaces words and phrases considered to be harsh or impolite. Eu = Good Examples: “Kick the bucket” is a euphemism for death. “Downsizing” is a euphemism for firing someone. Purpose To make a harsh or impolite word or phrase sound more polite or proper.

37 Euphemism Practice Identify a euphemism for “going to the bathroom.”

38 Rhetorical Question Definition:
A question asked just for effect or to emphasize a point when no real answer is expected. May have an obvious answer. Examples: “To be or not to be?” “It’s too hot today, isn’t it?” Purpose Often used in persuasive speeches to emphasize a point.

39 Rhetorical Question Practice
Identify another example (besides a persuasive speech) where someone would use a rhetorical question. Think about the purpose – to emphasize a point. Who would likely use this and when would they use this?


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