Children’s Literature False image: American Indians are extinct Sense of nostalgia Teachers use literature with stereotypes to teach Am. Indian culture
Adolescent Literature Confirms stereotypes learned in childhood As with all stereotypes, often not recognized Dominant culture doubts prevalence
Am. Indian stereotypes in Twilight American Indians (Quileutte) Males: sexually attractive, quick to anger, dangerous Females: 3 appear in novels—one was plain, one was obnoxious, and one had been beautiful before being mauled by her boyfriend All have “russet” skin and “flashing black eyes.” Interracial romance Jacob loves Bella, who uses him and eventually chooses the white vampire Edward Jacob has no interest in other Quileutte females Indigenous vampires from Amazon
“ ‘Carlisle,’ the taller of the two very tall ferine women greeted him when they arrived. Both of them seemed as if they’d been stretched – long arms and legs, long fingers, long black braids, and long faces with long noses. They wore nothing but animal skins – hide vests and tight fitting pants that laced on the sides with leather ties. It wasn’t just their eccentric clothes that made them seem wild, but everything about them, from their restless crimson eyes to their sudden, darting movements. I’d never met any vampires less civilized.”
American Indian Authors: Combating Stereotypes Awareness Majority of society is unaware of American Indian problems American Indian authors create awareness when they write about American Indian issues Realistic characters Experience circumstances unique to American Indian youth Have problems common to all adolescents
American Indian Authors: Combating Stereotypes Coming of age stories Perma Red—explains role Euro-Americans have played in current American Indian situation Fools Crow—juxtaposition of Fools Crow and Fast Horse, consequences of their actions
Works Cited Earling, Debra Magpie. Perma Red. New York: BlueHen, Print. Markstrom-Adams, Carol. "Coming of Age Among Contemporary American Indians As Portrayed In Adolescent Fiction." Adolescence Spring.25 (1990): ProQuest Web. 18 Nov http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?index=0&did= &SrchMode=1&sid=1 &Fmt=6&VInst=PROD&VType=PQD&RQT=309&VName=PQD&TS= &clientId=58634&cfc=1 Meyer, Stephenie. Twilight. New York: Little Brown &, Print. Meyer, Stephenie. Breaking Dawn. New York: Little, Brown, Print. Peterson, Latoya. “Running With the Wolves—A Racialicious Reading of the Twilight Saga.” racialicious-reading-of-the-twilight-saga/#more Nov 26, Blog.http://www.racialicious.com/2009/11/26/running-with-the-wolves-a- racialicious-reading-of-the-twilight-saga/#more-4336 Reese, Debbie. “American Indians in Children’s Literature.” July 29, Blog. Welch, James. Fools Crow. New York, N.Y., U.S.A.: Penguin, Print.