Presentation on theme: "Thomas Hobbes and John Locke. Limited Government- gov. does not have absolute authority. State of nature- how humans would act in their most basic state."— Presentation transcript:
Thomas Hobbes and John Locke
Limited Government- gov. does not have absolute authority. State of nature- how humans would act in their most basic state without a civil government (savage, selfish, no concern for justice or mercy toward other men) State of war- in the state of nature, people were always at war with each other
Thomas Hobbes Hobbes lived through the English Civil War Wrote “Leviathan” Thought the first people on Earth lived in chaos (state of nature) Social Contract- people give up individual liberty for group safety and social order Life without government was short nasty and brutish. People were naturally wicked and could not be trusted to govern themselves Only the strong survive, the weak need the gov. – absolute monarchy- best form of government
Hobbes Quote “humans are driven by a perpetual and restless desire for power that ceases only in death.”
Trail of Tears: Robert Lindneux What image is the artist trying to portray in this picture? Whose rights are being violated and why? Who is responsible for the “trail of tears”? What is the relationship between the “trail of tears” and the idea of limited government?
Richard Nixon What event in history does this image portray? Do you believe that this picture represents a man in a state of nature? Why or why not? President Richard Nixon pounds his fist on the podium as he answers a question during his televised appearance.
Israeli/Palestinian conflict and war in Africa What is the conflict represented in this picture? Do you believe the fighting between the Israeli’s and the Palestinians illustrates a state of war? A Palestinian youth throws a tear gas canister back toward Israeli soldiers during clashes in the West Bank Civil war over minerals to make our lives nice and dandy (Tantalum)Tantalum
John Locke Just joking!!! Hahaha, bet none of you know the name of this show?????
The real John Locke Also lived in England during the English Civil war Wrote: Two Treaties of Government agreed with Hobbes that people needed gov’t Social Contract- people only gave up some of their rights – people should have rights that could never be taken away – Natural Rights (rights that can’t be taken away) Right to enjoy life, liberty, and own property
Locke Continued What should happen if these rights are denied by the government? – The ruler is a tyrant and should be overthrown
From these Philosophies… Parliament passed the English Bill of Rights – Limits on gov (Par. Chooses ruler, king-no taxing) – Protected rights of the people Did not have to pay excessive bail, or cruel and unusual punishment Habeus corpus- protected people against unfair arrest and imprisonment Eventually becomes a limited constitutional monarchy