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Primary Diagnosis / condition Other Disorders DescriptorsInformation ADHDADHD / ODDODD Obstructive Sleep Apnea, Congenital brain anomaly - absent inferior.

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Presentation on theme: "Primary Diagnosis / condition Other Disorders DescriptorsInformation ADHDADHD / ODDODD Obstructive Sleep Apnea, Congenital brain anomaly - absent inferior."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Primary Diagnosis / condition Other Disorders DescriptorsInformation ADHDADHD / ODDODD Obstructive Sleep Apnea, Congenital brain anomaly - absent inferior vermis Sleep Apnea Violent aggressive, swearing, use of weapons. medicated at school - Ritalin - 11.30 Triggers – any perceived threat, physical or verbal. Eg. Another child being ‘physical’ to him may elicit an ‘over the top response’ to what have been a minor tap. Verbal threats, or indicators of punishment by teacher,(If – then situations) may provoke ‘I don’t care – go right ahead – see what I will do back…’ reactions. Insert Student Photo Here

3 Primary Diagnosis / condition Mental Health Problems – ODDODD - Conduct DisorderConduct Disorder Other Disorders Characteri stics of aspergers aspergers Descriptors Social difficulties, violence towards classmates, moves out of classroom, moves from seat. Singular focus on selected objects/ subjects. Information Behaviour support. Insert Student Photo Here

4 Primary Diagnosis / condition Mental Health ODD Other Disorders Sleep Apnea Mild to moderate expressive and receptive language Sleep Apnea Descriptors Defiant, aggressive,. Active and impulsive, physically aggressive Information In long term care with ‘adoptive parents’ – unresolved issues from early childhood Mother currently sick – is acting out a bit. Insert Student Photo Here

5 Primary Diagnosis / condition Pervasive Developmental Disorder PDD - AspergersAspergers - AutismAutism Other Disorders Intellectual Disability, Autism, Language Disorder Sleep Apnea Autism, Sleep Apnea Descriptors Mild developmental delay, Impulsive, easily distracted, absconds, quickly aggressive Information Insert Student Photo Here

6 Primary Diagnosis / condition Anxiety disorder Other Disorders Severe Expressive Language Disorder Descriptors Shy, withdrawn, low self esteem, poor socialisation skills, communication. Information When cannot cope, will withdraw into shell, difficult to communicate with. Needs to develop social skills and form friendships - passive non compliance. Insert Student Photo Here

7 Primary Diagnosis / condition Pervasive Developmental Disorder PDD - AspergersAspergers - AutismAutism Other Disorders Intellectual Disability, Autism Autism Descriptors In IM range. Defiance Attention seeking Impulsive. Information Requires reassurance / assistance. Insert Student Photo Here

8 Primary Diagnosis / condition - Pervasive Developmental Disorder PDDPervasive Developmental Disorder PDD - AspergersAspergers - AutismAutism Other Disorders Autism, Mild intellectual disability, Language disorder - Severe expressive and receptive language disorder. Descriptors Off task, Restless, Under achieving Non compliant. Wanders off. Information Calls out. Insert Student Photo Here

9 Primary Diagnosis / condition mental health problems - anxiety Other Disorders ADHD Learning difficulties, Separation anxiety ADHD Descriptors Poor attention span, Poor auditory discrimination, Avoidance techniques, had Trouble attending school, Oppositional. Information Do not attempt to confront, will become oppositional. Try the carrot approach Insert Student Photo Here

10 Aspergers Disorder Other Disorders Autism Descriptors poor attention, easily tired, fine motor skills poor. Information Verbal reasoning borderline inattentive, restless impulsive social problems. Significant cognitive difficulties.

11 Primary Diagnosis / condition Separation anxiety Other Disorders Co morbid learning difficulties. Sleep Apnea Possible epilepsy Descriptors Lack of interest in class work. Unable to keep up with peers in writing speed. Daydreams Information Sad disposition, Avoids sport. Isolated during recess and lunch Facial ‘scrunching’ Insert Student Photo Here

12 Primary Diagnosis / condition Pervasive Developmental Disorder PDD - AutismAutism Other Disorders Expressive and receptive. Language disorder, Moderate Intellectual disability. I.O. Descriptors easily distracted, overtly touchy, calls out, copies other students, work refusal. Information relies heavily on visual information. Operating at five and a half year old level but is 10. Insert Student Photo Here

13 Primary Diagnosis / condition Mental Health - ODD Other Disorders Hearing impairment Descriptors off task, seldom wears hearing aids, lies - steals / no remorse. Limited friendship groups. Information In long term care with aunt – unresolved issues from early childhood Insert Student Photo Here

14 Primary Diagnosis / condition Aspergers Disorder Other Disorders Autism Descriptors Calling out, whining and whinging, disturbing others, moderate level passive non compliance, fidgeting, on and off task Information Single focus on some routines, eg likes to sit at same computer, will only sit in same seat. Upset at failure Insert Student Photo Here

15 Primary Diagnosis / condition Mental Health - Anxiety Other Disorders Intellectual disability, Language disorder Descriptors Mild moderate verbal intellectual disability (IM) low average perceptual reasoning. Information Anxious / depressed social problems, internalising problems. 'Anhedonia' - loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities – low grade depression Insert Student Photo Here

16 Primary Diagnosis / condition mental health problems - internalising & externalising Internalising 2 Other Disorders Possible aspergers Descriptors Social problems, Exceptional abilities - reading and maths. Possibly G & T BUT has tendency to withdraw from interaction, become defiant and aggressive. He 'Internalises' - possible signs of early depression. Information Triggers - cornering him in any situation. - asking him an answer when he is not volunteering an answer - i.e. no hand up. Cannot work in team situation. Genital fascination? Poor relationships with women teachers. Insert Student Photo Here

17 Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) Disobedient Hostile towards authority figures Does not comply with requests or rules May deliberately attempt to annoy others Argumentative Blames others for mistakes Easily annoyed Quick to anger Resentful or vindictive if corrected Low self worth Pattern of negativistic behaviour

18 Attention Deficit & Disruptive Behaviour Disorders ADD Impulsive Disorganised Difficulty completing tasks Difficulty taking turns Difficulty sustaining attention Extremely easily distracted Forgetful Difficulty dealing with change Poor concentration Frequently loses resources & belongings ADHD Extreme overactivity (incl. incessant talk) Impulsive Disorganised Difficulty completing tasks As for ADD

19 Conduct Disorder Overactive Aggressive Restless Over-reactive Reduced compliance Deceitful Destructive to property Serious violations of rules Often cruel to people or animals Bullies, threatens or intimidates Fails to complete work Truanting or absconding Disruptive

20 Asperger’s Disorder Obsessive interest in stereotyped and restricted areas Stereotyped & repetitive patterns of behaviour including motor mannerisms; inflexible adherence to non- functional specific routines/rituals; preoccupation with parts of objects Significantly impaired social skills which includes: - failure to develop peer relationships - lack of social or emotional reciprocity - poor use of non-verbal behaviours such as eye contact, facial expression Classroom Tips for Accommodating Students with Asperger's DisorderClassroom Tips for Accommodating Students with Asperger's Disorder

21 Autism Marked impairment in non-verbal social skills such as eye contact, facial expression, body posture Failure to develop age appropriate peer relationships Lack of spontaneous seeking to share enjoyment or interests Lack of social or emotional reciprocity Delay in or lack of speech or impairment in ability to sustain conversation or stereotyped & repetitive use of language Restricted, repetitive and stereotyped patterns of behaviour, interests & activities Teaching Children with Autism

22 Generalised Anxiety Disorder Avoids new & difficult situations Generalised worry Restlessness, on edge Easily fatigued Difficulty concentrating Irritability Muscle tension Tired & lethargic in class Disturbed sleep

23 Separation Anxiety Excessive fear when separated from a significant person. Most common fear-that harm will come to them Refusal to stay away from home overnight Multiple physical complaints such as headaches & stomach aches School refusal

24 Obstructive Sleep Apnoea 2-3 children in every 100 suffer from OSA OSA disrupts sleep. Children who have OSA may feel tired in the day, may have problems with learning, behaviour and/or medical problems. Sleep disturbances affect the pre-frontal cortex, the part of the brain that regulates emotions and behaviour. Evidence suggests that lack of sleep or impaired sleep quality is strongly linked to behavioural disorders in children, such as increased aggression and conduct problems. Abstract thinking, creativity and verbal fluency are also affected by sleep deprivation. Sleep Apnea 1

25 Summary of Diagnostic Features of Depressive Disorders - comorbidity Diagnostic FeaturesDescriptors Primary featuresloss of interest or pleasure in all, or almost all, usual activities and pastimes Social symptomsIsolative from friends or family, seems unwilling or unable to participate in usual pastimes or activities Emotional symptoms ChildPersistently sad facial expression, tearfulness, anxiety, irritability, feelings of worthlessness Cognitive symptomsDiminished concentration, indecisiveness, slowed thinking, Vegetative symptomssleep disorders, psychomotor agitation, hypoactivity, loss of energy, fatigue

26 Pervasive Development Disorder Between 2 to 6 children per 1,000 children (from 1 in 500 to 1 in 150) have some form of autism/PDD Some or all of the following characteristics may be observed in mild to severe forms: Communication problems (e.g., using and understanding language); Difficulty relating to people, objects, and events; Unusual play with toys and other objects; Difficulty with changes in routine or familiar surroundings; and Repetitive body movements or behaviour patterns. Children with autism or PDD vary widely in abilities, intelligence, and behaviours. Some children do not speak; others have language that often includes repeated phrases or conversations. Children with more advanced language skills tend to use a small range of topics and have difficulty with abstract concepts. Repetitive play skills, a limited range of interests, and impaired social skills are generally evident as well. Unusual responses to sensory information—for example, loud noises, lights, certain textures of food or fabrics—are also common.


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