Presentation on theme: "Agenda - Romanticism Grab the handouts off the front table, you will return everything at the end of class except the guided not sheet. Opener Images."— Presentation transcript:
Agenda - Romanticism Grab the handouts off the front table, you will return everything at the end of class except the guided not sheet. Opener Images Reading with Questions Lecture – 3 slides on your own paper! The rest will go on the guided sheet Self-Portrait Project Explanation Exit Slip
Opener Are the following paintings Neoclassical or Romantic? Why? Explain your answer.
KET Article: Romanticism: 1760-1870 ONLY READ THROUGH ROMANTIC!! 1. How did the Romantic period “revolt against the logic and reasons of Neo- Classicism? 2. Did Neo-Classicism and the Romantic period happen at completely different times? 3. What were three examples of popular Romantic subjects? 4. What were some influences for the Romantic period? 5. What type of light did John Constable use to paint his famous landscape? 6. How did Goya “portray the darker side of life?” 7. What were romantic artistic preoccupied with? 8. How does sculpture become romantic during this period? 9. What were the characteristics of romantic architecture? 10. What new art form developed during this period?
THE FIRST THREE SLIDES WILL BE ON YOUR OWN PAPER! THE GUIDED SHEET IS FOR THE OPENER, IMAGE STUDY, AND EXIT SLIP !
1760-1870 Reaction against the reason and stillness of Classicism Return to interest in nature and an appreciation of freedom, emotional sentimentality, and spontaneity. Characterized by the five “I’s” : Imagination, Intuition, Idealism, Inspiration, Individuality A new interest in Medieval themes such as Chivalry and the supernatural Romanticism – what is it?
American and French Revolutions (1760s - 1790s) – wars of independence and rebellion Industrial Revolution (1820) – implementation of new technologies as well as the development of capital industries such as iron (steel), banking, transportation (steam engine, and later the trans-continental train), coal mining. increase in life expectancy which made people more optimistic The Louisiana Purchase (1803) – The materialization of Manifest Destiny or the American ideal of expanding and thriving from coast to coast. History - What is going on at this time?
Subjects inspire emotional responses, such as “awe” and “longing” Contemporary events used to create effect of immediacy There was still use of the Classical style in depicting the human figure (French technique) Artistic interest was in the use of brushstrokes, light, and color to create drama. Visual Arts of the Romantic Period
1798-1863 Born near Paris, France. One of the leading Romantic artists of the time and was beloved by France. Studied in England, North Africa, Spain, and Morocco but was commissioned primarily within France. Works can be described by expressive color in paintings of war and tragedy. Eugène Delacroix
Death of Sardanapalus Eugène Delacroix 1828 Last king of Assyria, orders the murder of his family and court members and the destruction of his possessions when he learns that he ultimately will face military defeat. Use of rich, vivid, warm colors and broad brushstrokes. Video Option Available
1776-1837 Born in Suffolk, England. Famous for his Romantic landscape paintings – many of which portray scenes from or near his hometown of Suffolk. Although his landscapes were not an ideal or Romantic depictions of nature, they were true to life through his use of pure color and light. Delacroix was very inspired by his work as were the Impressionists of the later decades. His philosophy on art: “Firstly, landscape painting is scientific as well as poetic; secondly, the imagination cannot alone produce art to bear comparison with reality; and thirdly, no great painter was ever self- taught.” John Constable
What was life like in England during this time? What is your personal reaction to this letter? Identify one sentence that causes this reaction.
Painted by John Constable – England This painting earned Constable popularity in France. The depiction of nature is Romantic through Constable’s remarkable use of pure color (red on the ox; yellow and green used to highlight the field; etc). Cleanliness of nature contrasts with the filth of the city during the Industrial Revolution. The Hay Wain Constable’s response to the Industrial Revolution; nature is glorified
1738 - 1815 Born in Boston, Massachusetts Famous for painting portraits of middle to upper-class clients Copley was very successful in America; studied in England, France, Italy, and the Netherlands. Dramatic style was influenced by painter and close friend, Benjamin West. Family eventually moved to England during the peak of the Revolutionary War in America. John Singleton Copley http://www.nga.gov/feature/watson/watsonhome.shtm
Watson and the Shark John Singleton Copley 1778
Painted by John Singleton Copley - America A range of emotions are depicted on the individuals’ faces (fear, bravery, determination, shock). There is a sense of immediacy and action through use of diagonal line and point-of- view (viewer is in line with ocean and up close to shark’s mouth). Watson’s right leg was bitten off by the shark and is cut off at the bottom with a trace of red to signify blood. Watson and the Shark Story of a crew rescuing 14 year- old Brook Watson from a shark attack off the coast of Cuba.
1746-1828 Born in Aragón, Spain. He designed tapestries early in his career which helped him become noticed by the Spanish monarchs who then became his patrons. He was a court painter at the peak of his career and painted many portraits for nobles and royalty. Beginning in 1792, during the French Revolution, Goya went deaf and his works became very cynical. In 1798, he created a series called Los Caprichos which criticized Spanish monarchs, nobles, and even the clergy for their foolishness. Known for creating nightmarish visions exposing the evil side of human nature. Francisco Goya Look for good Goya video clip
Goya condemns unnecessary cruelty Symbolism: - Reflective of Martyrdom – Spanish civilians are martyrs (Christ on the cross, stigmata on right hand). - Soldiers are close to their victims; unhesitant to fire their guns (Oath of Horatii) Dramatic sense of light emitted from the lantern that sits between the Spanish civilians and the French soldiers in addition to the chiaroscuro that adds dramaticism and depth of suspense. The Third of May 1808 Depicts French soldiers shooting Spanish hostages after a Spanish revolt against Napoleon’s regime
Create a Romantic self-portrait To get full credit you must: entire sheet of white computer paper All subject matter must be “romantic” (5 I’s and Nature) Imagination, Intuition, Idealism, Inspiration, Individuality Must use color Due next class Look at the back of the room for examples 20 points each plus 20 for putting together at the end of the unit. 100 points total
Exit Slip: Read the passages listed below and write down the artist and painting that represents the quote. 1. “Above all, lo, the sky so calm, so transparent after the rain, and with wondrous clouds, Below too, all calm, all vital and beautiful, and the farm prospers well” –Walt Whitman 2. “The roaring of lions, the howling of wolves, the raging of the stormy sea, and the destructive sword, are portions of eternity too great for the eye of man.” – William Blake 3. “It is the cause and not the death that makes the martyr ”- Napoleon 4. “In the depths of sensuality… Let us now quench our glowing passions… Where disappointment and success… Pleasure and pain may chop and change… It is restless action makes the man.” – J. W. Goethe
Exit Slip: Read the passages listed below and write down the artist and painting that represents the quote. 1. “Above all, lo, the sky so calm, so transparent after the rain, and with wondrous clouds, Below too, all calm, all vital and beautiful, and the farm prospers well” –Walt Whitman The Hay Wain - Constable 2. “The roaring of lions, the howling of wolves, the raging of the stormy sea, and the destructive sword, are portions of eternity too great for the eye of man.” – William Blake Watson and the Shark - Copley 3. “It is the cause and not the death that makes the martyr ”- Napoleon 3 rd of May - Goya 4. “In the depths of sensuality… Let us now quench our glowing passions… Where disappointment and success… Pleasure and pain may chop and change… It is restless action makes the man.” – J. W. Goethe Death of Sardanapolus - Delacroix