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1 Intro To Poetry Terms and Conventions (the fun way)

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1 1 Intro To Poetry Terms and Conventions (the fun way)

2 2 Introduction to Literary Devices Watch the following video and see how many of the terms you remember or have heard of previously. Watch the following video and see how many of the terms you remember or have heard of previously. 2 y/

3 3 Alliteration and Consonance The repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words, to intensify the beat of the accents. The repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words, to intensify the beat of the accents. The relation between words in which the final consonants in the stressed syllables agree but the vowels that precede them differs. The relation between words in which the final consonants in the stressed syllables agree but the vowels that precede them differs.

4 4 Alliteration and Consonance Dead in the middle of Little Italy little did we know that we riddled some middleman who didn't do diddily -Big Pun “Twins (Deep Cover ’98)”

5 5 Personification Giving an inanimate object the characteristics of a person Giving an inanimate object the characteristics of a person

6 6Personification Boy you got my heartbeat running away. Beating like a drum and its coming your way. -Nicki Minaj “Superbass” Boy you got my heartbeat running away. Beating like a drum and its coming your way. -Nicki Minaj “Superbass”

7 7 Internal Rhyme End word rhymes with a word in the middle of the same line or another nearby line. End word rhymes with a word in the middle of the same line or another nearby line.

8 8 Internal Rhyme His palms are sweaty, knees weak, arms are heavy, There’s vomit on his sweater already, mom’s spaghetti He’s nervous, but on the surface he looks calm and ready to drop bombs But he keeps forgetting what he wrote down. -Eminem “Lose Yourself”

9 9 Simile Makes an explicit comparison of two unrelated things by using : like, as, or ‘as if’ Makes an explicit comparison of two unrelated things by using : like, as, or ‘as if’

10 Simile Thoughts meander like a restless wind inside a letter box they tumble blindly as they make their way across the universe “Across the Universe” The Beatles

11 11 Metaphor Invokes an implied comparison between two things Invokes an implied comparison between two things

12 12Metaphor l I am a mountain I am a tall tree Ohhh, I am a swift wind Sweepin' the country I am a river Down in the valley Ohhh, I am a vision And I can see clearly If anybody asks you who I am Just stand up tall look 'em in the Face and say...

13 13 Onomatopoeia An imitation of sound spelled out An imitation of sound spelled out

14 14Onomatopoeia Bang bang there goes your heart Wait a minute let me take you there (ah) -Jessie J “Bang, Bang”

15 15 Paradox A statement that although seemingly contradicotry or absurd may actually be well founded or true. A statement that although seemingly contradicotry or absurd may actually be well founded or true.

16 16Paradox Cause you're a sky, 'cause you're a sky full of stars I wanna die in your arms 'Cause you get lighter the more it gets dark I'm gonna give you my heart

17 17 Metonymy substitution of the name of an object closely associated with a word for the word itself. substitution of the name of an object closely associated with a word for the word itself.

18 18Metonymy If you liked it, then you shoulda put a ring on it Don't be mad once you see that he want it If you liked it, then you shoulda put a ring on it. -Beyonce “Single Ladies”

19 19 Hyperbole An overstatement for effect, an exaggeration. An overstatement for effect, an exaggeration.

20  It's like I'm paranoid lookin' over my back It's like a whirlwind inside of my head It's like I can't stop what I'm hearing within It's like the face inside is right beneath my skin

21 21 Imagery A visual, aural, or tactile description much like a painting or melody A visual, aural, or tactile description much like a painting or melody

22 22Imagery So much on my mind that I can't recline Blasting holes in the night till she bled sunshine Breathe in, inhale vapors from bright stars that shine Breathe out,watch smoke retrace the skyline - Black Star “Respiration”

23 23 Allusion a reference to an outside body of work, event or person a reference to an outside body of work, event or person

24 24Allusion I'm boss to all employees - and I'm here to teach the principal / Cause I've been saved by mo' bells than Lark Vorhees I'm boss to all employees - and I'm here to teach the principal / Cause I've been saved by mo' bells than Lark Vorhees

25 25 Pun a play on words that usually depends on words having several meanings or sounding like another word with a different meaning. a play on words that usually depends on words having several meanings or sounding like another word with a different meaning.

26 26 Pun Why do we still have troops in Germany? To keep the Russians in Czech. A horse is a very stable animal. Time flies like an arrow. Fruit flies like a banana. An elephant’s opinion carries a lot of weight. What is the difference between a conductor and a teacher? The conductor minds the train and a teacher trains the mind. 26

27 27 Analogy a comparison made between two objects, situations, or ideas that are somewhat alike but unlike in most respects. a comparison made between two objects, situations, or ideas that are somewhat alike but unlike in most respects.

28 28 Analogy “The white mares of the moon rush along the sky Beating their golden hoofs upon the glass Heavens.” The given lines are from Amy Lowell’s poem “Night Clouds”. Henry Wadsworth Longfellow uses analogy in the below lines taken from his poem “The Day Is Done”. “Read from some humbler poet, Whose songs gushed from his heart, As showers from the clouds of summer, Or tears from the eyelids start.” 28

29 29 Allegory a narrative either in verse or prose, in which characters, action, and sometimes setting represent abstract concepts apart from the literal meaning of the story. a narrative either in verse or prose, in which characters, action, and sometimes setting represent abstract concepts apart from the literal meaning of the story.

30 30 Allegory I took ya outta Jacob's in clusters I took ya outta Jacob's in clusters Busters they wanted to rush us Love the way you sparkle when the sun touch ya When you blush you turn blue if your grade is right You can light up the whole room, turning day from night When the summertime is in and the tops are down With you around my neck we lock the whole block down (that's right) It took short sleeves and lounging to understand The reason they call you ice, everybody freeze Ain't a pendant in the sun who can shine like you And that platinum in the charm who can blind like you The direct reason why dudes do they crimes they do I used to snatch the necklace right off them reckless fools Guess I was jealous that they was so next to you So I devoted half my time to invest in you. The other half was spent on protecting you Cause you belong to me, now sing ya song for me Jay-Z “Girls Best Friend” 30


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