2Lesson Objective Pages 2-5 in text book. Natural Religion Fundamental ways of knowing God.
3Basic Questions: What will I know? What is natural religion?What are the two fundamental ways of knowing God?
4Chapter 1 Part I The Desire to know God is in the human heart. Every civilization has desired to know God."Our hearts are restless O Lord and they remain restless until they rest in thee." -St. Augustine
5Natural vs Supernatural Our desire to know God is natural.God's desire for us is supernatural.Why is there a longing in the human heart?
6Two Ways to Know GodIMPORTANT!Reason ANDRevelation
7Knowing God Through Reason It is possible to know God through reason WITHOUT revelation.Pre Christian thinkers came to know of a God.Plato and AristotleFirst CauseSt. Thomas Aquinas
8Our knowledge of God has 5 Characterstics MediateNaturalUniversalCertainEasy to attain.
9What do I know? What is natural religion? Two ways to know God? 4 Characteristics of our knowledge of God?
11HomeworkRead pages 2-5 in text.Prepare for short quiz.
12Knowing God Through Natural Revelation Communicated through the existence of creation.Reflects the creator.All creation exists for the good of the human race.Observing nature can lead us to God.Dogma
13St. Thomas and the "Five Ways" St. Thomas Aquinas was a Dominican Monk.LivedReintroduced Aristotle to the West
14The Five WaysMotionCauseNecessityDegreeGovernance
15The Argument from Motion Everything that is in motion must have been put in motion by something else.This process cannot go back indefinitely.The First Mover
16The Argument from Cause Very similar to the First Mover Argument.Everything has a cause.Process cannot go back indefinitely.First Cause.
17The Argument from Necessity Everything in nature is possible.Before it existed and after it existed.However, there could never have been a time that nothing existed.Therefore there must be one thing that is necessary, always existed.
18The Argument from Degree Some things in nature are more perfect than others.However, we can only know degree if there is something that is most perfect.
19The Argument from Governance When unintelligent beings act in an ordered fashion there must be some intelligent being that placed order on them.For example, the planets, sun, and stars.The arrow and the archer.
20The Difference Between Science and Reason Science is not reason...it uses reason.Science can observe you, however there are things that science cannot calculate.So it is a mistake to use science to draw a conclusion about the existence of God.Love? Happiness? Trust?
21Intelligent DesignThe world works in an orderly fashion, therefore we must expect something intelligent designed it.If the world were governed and created by chance then where would our reason and intelligence come from?
22Errors Regarding God's Existence AtheismAgnosticismRationalismFideism
23God Makes Himself Known Natural Revelation is not sufficient for knowing God.God reveals certain truths about Himself.Why? Because there are truths about God that our reason cannot grasp.Our eyes staring at the sun.
24"Reason shows us there is a God and tells us something about his attributes." However, grace builds on that foundation.The First Mover does not describe the love of the Cross.
25Faith Seeking Understanding Our reason is imperfect.Because of this we need Revelation.God seeks intimacy, not just knowledge that he exists.Faith and Reason are therefore compatible and complimentary.
26The Necessity of FaithGod creates us with Free Will and desires intimacy with us.Free will is necessary for true love.Because of sin God must reveal Himself to us.God reveals, but we must accept.
27Faith is an assent to the truths that god proposes to us. Faith reveals the supernatural to us.Faith is not forced.Faith is not what we make it, it is what God reveals to us.Prayer is vital!
28Natural LawThe knowledge we can have of what we ought to do even without hearing it from revelation.
29Conclusion How can we know God? Why does God reveal Himself to us? Why is this lesson necessary?What can we know through reason?Why is revelation necessary?