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Postmodern Urbanism: The Restless Urban Landscape.

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Presentation on theme: "Postmodern Urbanism: The Restless Urban Landscape."— Presentation transcript:

1 Postmodern Urbanism: The Restless Urban Landscape

2 Postmodern Urbanism – Central City Issues Economic & Social Polarization: Spatial Mismatch Economic & Social Polarization: Gentrification Landscape Features: Festival Setting

3 Gentrification A type of neighborhood change involving the replacement of lower income residents w/ middle or high income residents. Most pronounced in world cities and regional centers that have evolved from older urban cores.

4 Production side explanation “Rent Gap” – difference between cost of land, improvements AND value associated with “highest and best use” Gentrification fueled by developers (Neil Smith’s early work) Displacement of moderate income population as city becomes new “bourgeoisie playground”


6 Claire Dane’s Loft in NYC

7 “New Middle Class” – Consumption Side

8 Gentrification – Consumption Driven Ley’s argument – new culture of consumption Qualities of community

9 Assessing Gentrification Production vs. Consumption -? Merging of cultural & economic features in literature of gentrification Postmodernism as “cultural clothing” of advanced capitalism

10 Knox’s List of Postmodern Urban Features Gentrification Historic Preservation Postmodern architecture Mixed Use Development (MXD) Multiple Use Development (MUD) High-tech corridor Master planned suburban development Exurban development

11 Festival Settings In attempt to enhance cities as places of consumption, cities support development of festival marketplaces and other ‘tourist’ attractions. Ex.: Faneuil Market, Boston

12 Postmodern Urbanism – Postsuburban Development What’s post-suburban about it? -- Suburban areas no longer primarily residential and, in fact, are creating new densities with functions competitive with central business district. New vocabulary: “stealth” cities; Edge Cities; Technoburbs; High Tech Corridors; Asylum Suburbs

13 Edge City – joel garreau (1988) Has five million square feet or more of leasable office space – the workplace of the Information Age Has 600,000 square feet or more of leasable retail space Has more jobs than bedrooms Is perceived by the population as one place Was nothing like “city” as recently as thirty years ago

14 Flex-space This concept combines “designer” office frontages w/ rear access loading bays and interior space that can be used as office, industrial, or warehousing space in any proportion. Welton Enterprises, Inc. High Quality Office/Industrial FlexSpace

15 Mixed Use Development Harbor Square

16 Master Planned Communities Features: “a definable boundary; a consistent but not necessarily uniform character; overall control during the development process by a single development entity; private ownership of recreational amenities; and, enforcement of convenants & restrictions by a master community associations.”

17 Prairie Crossing: “A Conservation Community”

18 Responses to Postmodern Conditions: New Urbanism For Community? For Environment? For Market Niche?

19 Milwaukee Example Beerline B – Ex. Trostel Square

20 New Urbanism Community – ‘Neo-traditionalism’; local references, increased interaction Environmental Critique – Pedestrian & transit orientation; Anti-sprawl w/higher densities Market Niche – expensive master planned communities; ‘gentrification’ or New ‘Sub’urbanism

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