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Sleep Aids By Jobin S. Kalathil. Sleep Orders of Interest: InsomniaInsomnia: is characterized by the inability to fall asleep and/or remain asleep for.

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Presentation on theme: "Sleep Aids By Jobin S. Kalathil. Sleep Orders of Interest: InsomniaInsomnia: is characterized by the inability to fall asleep and/or remain asleep for."— Presentation transcript:

1 Sleep Aids By Jobin S. Kalathil

2 Sleep Orders of Interest: InsomniaInsomnia: is characterized by the inability to fall asleep and/or remain asleep for a reasonable amount of time. Restless legs syndromeRestless legs syndrome (RLS): is characterized by an irresistible urge to move legs while sleeping. Bed wetting: is associated with the involuntary passing of urine while asleep; after the age at which bladder control would normally be anticipated.

3 General Principles of Treatment: Treatments for sleep disorders can be grouped into three general categories: 1) behavioral/ psychotherapeutic treatments 2) medications 3) other somatic treatments (like surgery)

4 Insomnia The three types of insomnia are: 1) Transient insomnia 2) Acute Insomnia 3) Chronic Insomnia

5 Medications: The most commonly used drugs are: FBenzodiazepines Commonly prescribed benzodiazepines include: temazepam, diazepam, lorazepam, flurazepam, nitrazepam and midazolam

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7 Non-benzodiazepine prescription drugs Ambien Lunesta

8  Selectively binds to the melatonin receptors instead of GABA receptors. Rozerem

9 Restless Leg Syndrome  Requip BC3320/images/Ropinirole.gif

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11 Bed wetting  Two main types of drugs prescribed:  Tricyclic antidepressant prescription drugs (e.g. Amitriptyline, Imipramine or Nortriptyline)

12 Bed wetting  Desmopressin

13 Works Cited  "Cognitive Behavior Therapy and Pharmacotherapy for Insomnia." Archives of Internal Medicine Mar  Griffiths, Rr, M.w Johnson, and P.e Suess. "Ramelteon: a Novel Hypnotic Lacking Abuse Liability and Sedative Adverse Effects."  "Mechanism of Action." Requip. 13 Mar  Archives of General Psychiatry 63 (2006): EBSCO. SMU. 12 Mar National Institute of Health. Ambien. 12 Mar  "New Drug Offers Relief From Chronic Insomnia." Cortlandt Forum 19 (2006): 22. EBSCO. SMU.

14  "New Evidence That the Pharmacological Effects of Benzodiazepine Receptor Ligands Can Be Associated with Activities At Different BZ (?) Receptor Subtypes." Psychopharmachology. PubMed.Gov. 12 Mar  Office of Communications and Public Liaison. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. Restless Legs Syndrome Fact Sheet. 14 Feb Mar  "PRAMIPEXOLE/ROPINIROLE." National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. 11 Mar  "Requip." GlaxoSmithKline. 11 Mar

15  "REQUIP." GlaxoSmithKline. 15 Mar  "Restless Legs Syndrome." Wikepedia. 14 Mar  "Rozerem." Wikipedia. 10 Mar "Sleep Disorders." Wikipedia. 9 Mar

16 Wake Up


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