Presentation on theme: "Weather... You can’t see me, but you feel me, you can’t touch me, but I can touch you. I have been called the “Breathe of the Gods”, or the killer and."— Presentation transcript:
1Weather...You can’t see me, but you feel me, you can’t touch me, but I can touch you. I have been called the “Breathe of the Gods”, or the killer and giver of life, gentle and fierce, friendly and enemy, angry and happy. The Native Americans called me Moriah, and Snow Eater (Chinook). The Japanese call me Kaze and in Russia I am called Veter. I can shatter homes, or wake a child from a peaceful sleep or bring relief in times of need. I can spread the most dreaded diseases or bring a welcome freshness. What am I?
2Weather is....The current state of the atmosphere...what is happening right now
4Main points to remember as we learn about weather: The sun warms the earth’s surface and therefore all the air above the surfaceThe earth is warmed most at the equator and least at the poles---why?The air above land is warmed more quickly than air above water.Warm air expands and rises, creating an area of low pressure; cold air is heavy and sinks, creating an area of high pressure
7Remember…Rising air and descending air produce different kinds of weather
8Depressions A Depression is an area of Low Atmospheric Pressure. Depressions are also known as Cyclones.Depression often pass over Ireland.Depressions bring wet and windy weather. This is why we receive lots of rain.
11Anticyclones An anticyclone is an area of high pressure. Anticyclones bring clear sunny weather.There are few clouds and a gentle breeze.
12FrontsWhen two air masses meet they do not mix very well because of their different temperature, pressure and humidity.Where the two air masses meet is called a Front.We will look at two types of Fronts, a Cold Front and a Warm Front.
13Fronts: the boundary between 2 air masses This is the symbol on a map for a warm frontWarm Front: warm air slides over departing cold air- large bands of precipitation form
14This is the symbol for a cold front Cold FrontsCold air pushes under a warm air mass. Warm air rises quickly=narrow bands of violent storms form
15This is the weather map symbol for an occluded front 2 air masses merge and force warm air between them to rise quickly. Strong winds and heavy precipitation will occur
16Reading a weather mapISOBAR= connects areas of equal pressure BAR comes from BARometric pressure
17Reading a weather map...Isotherm: Connects areas of equal temperature; therm means temperature
24Important terms1. Evaporation – Water transferring from the ground into water vapour in the air.2. Condensation – Water vapour in the air turning back into a liquid.
253. Cloud – Water droplets are held in the air in the form of clouds. 4. Precipitation – Water that falls to the ground in the form of Hail, Rain, Sleet, or Snow.5. Run – off – Water running over the ground back to the sea.
26Activity Draw and explain the water cycle into your copies. Water cycle songWater Cycle song
27Clouds Clouds are made when water vapour condenses into tiny droplets. There are many different types of clouds.The most common types of clouds are;Cirrus CloudsCumulus CloudsStratus Clouds
28TYPES OF CLOUDS Cirrus Clouds: wispy, feathery clouds Form only at high levels, therefore are made of ice crystals
29Types of CloudsCumulus Clouds: are puffy white cotton ball looking clouds
30Cumulonimbus CloudsThese are thunderstorm clouds
31Types of CloudsStratus Clouds: clouds that form in flat layers- cover all or most of the sky and are low level clouds
32Rainfall Precipitation means hail, rain, sleet or snow. Rain is the most common type of precipitation.Rain occurs when warm air is forced to rise. As the warm air rises it cools. Cold air cannot hold as much water vapour as warm air, so condensation occurs. Clouds are formed and rain occurs.There are 3 different types of rain, because there are 3 different reasons why warm air is forced to rise.Relief rainfallFrontal (cyclonic) rainfallConvectional rainfall
33Relief Rainfall Relief rainfall occurs when; Warm moist air moves in from the sea.It hits a mountain range at the coast and is forced to rise.It cools as it rises.Condensation occurs, clouds form and it starts to rain.
35Frontal Rainfall Frontal rainfall occurs when; Warm and cold air masses meet at a FrontThe warm air mass moves up over the cold air mass.The warm air cools and condensation takes place.Stratus clouds form and rain occurs.
37Convectional Rainfall Convectional rain occurs when;The sun shines on the land and heats up the air above it.The heated air rises quickly.As it rises it cools and condensation occurs.Cumulus clouds are formed and heavy rain occurs.
39The WeatherWhen we talk about the weather we usually talk about the following things.TemperaturePrecipitation (rain etc)SunshineWind speedWind directionAtmospheric pressureHumidityAll of these different aspects of the weather can be measured.There are different weather instruments to measure each thing.These instruments are usually in a weather station.
41Temperature Temperature is measured using a Thermometer. It is measured in degrees Celsius (°C).Lines on a weather map showing areas of equal temperature are called Isotherms.
42Temperature You need to know how to calculate the; 1. Mean Temperature 2. Temperature RangeMean Temperature: Add all the monthly temperatures, then divide by 12.Temperature Range: Take the lowest temperature away from the highest temperature.MonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSeptOctNovDecMeanMonthlyTemp10131517182123281211
43Precipitation Precipitation is measured using a Rain Gauge. It is measured in millimetres.Lines on a map showing areas of equal precipitation are called Isohyets.
44SunshineSunshine is measured using a Campbell Stokes sunshine recorder.Sunshine is measured in Hours per day.Lines on a weather map showing areas of equal sunshine are called Isohels.
48The Beaufort ScaleThe Beaufort Scale describes the effect the wind has on the landscape.Wind strength is divided into 12 forces.The Beaufort Scale was invented by an Irishman.
49Atmospheric PressureAtmospheric pressure is measured using a Barometer.It is measured in millibars.Lines on a weather map showing areas of equal pressure are called Isobars.
50A Barograph can also be used to measure atmospheric pressure
51What is Humidity. Humidity is the amount of moisture in the air What is Humidity? Humidity is the amount of moisture in the air. It can be measured in various ways, but the most usual is to describe it as 'relative' humidity. This is expressed as a percentage. A relative humidity of 100% means the moisture content of the air is the maximum possible at any particular temperature. The hotter the air, the more moisture it can hold.
52Humidity Humidity is measured using a Hygrometer. A common type of hygrometer is a wet and dry bulb thermometer.It is expressed as a %. 100% is the maximum.
53What you have learnt Weather associated with high and low pressure. FrontsReading weather chartsWater cycleRainfallMeasuring weather