Epidemic hemorrhagic fever Epidemic hemorrhagic fever is an acute infectious disease characterized by fever, bleeding, and acute renal failure, caused by viruses of the genus Hantavirus, thought to be transmitted to humans by air, oral, and contact with saliva and excreta of infected rodents.
Epidemic hemorrhagic fever Diagnosis: Contact with rodents or been Epidemic Area. Symptoms: Fever, Bleeding, Kidney damage. Blood or Urine find hantavirus.
Epidemic hemorrhagic fever Treatment: management of the patient’s fluid (hydration) and electrolyte (e.g., sodium, potassium, chloride) levels, maintenance of correct oxygen and blood pressure levels, appropriate treatment of any secondary infections. Intravenous ribavirin, an antiviral drug, has been shown to decrease illness and death if used very early in the disease.
Epidemic hemorrhagic fever Die rate: 3%-5% Prevention: Rodent control is the primary strategy for preventing hantavirus infections. Rodent populations near human communities should be controlled, and rodents should be excluded from homes. Individuals should avoid contact with rodent urine, droppings, saliva, and nesting materials.
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