Presentation on theme: "Forklift Safety Only forklift operators may operate the forklift."— Presentation transcript:
1 Forklift Safety Only forklift operators may operate the forklift. In addition to written training, ALL forklift operators must receive and pass a live driver test to ensure comprehension of the written material
2 Forklift SafetyPRE -QUALIFICATIONS FOR POWERED INDUSTRIAL TRUCK OPERATORS (PIT)All candidates for PIT operators must meet the followingbasic requirements prior to starting initial or annual training:Must have no adverse vision problems that cannot be corrected by glasses or contactsNo adverse hearing loss that cannot be corrected with hearing aidsNo physical impairments that would impair safe operation of the PITNo neurological disorders that affect balance or consciousnessMust not be taking any medication that affects perception, vision, or physical abilities
3 Forklift Safety INSPECT THE FORKLIFT BEFORE EACH USE Do not use the forklift if any of the following conditions exist:The mast has broken or has cracked weld-points.The roller tracks are not greased or the chains are not free to travel.The forks are unequally spaced or cracks exist along the blade or at the heels.Hydraulic fluid level is low.The hydraulic lines and fittings have excessive wear or are crimped.Fluid is leaking from the lift or the tilt cylinders.The hardware on the cylinders is loose.The tires are excessively worn or split,or have missing tire material.Air filled tires are not filled to the operatingpressure indicated on the tire.The batteries have cracks or holes,uncapped cells, frayed cables, brokencable insulation, loose connectionsor clogged vent caps.
4 Forklift Safety CHANGING AND CHARGING STORAGE BATTERIES Only charge batteries in designated areas.Handle batteries using a conveyor, overhead hoist,or equivalent material handling equipment thisis provided.Properly position and secure reinstalled batteriesUse a carbon filter or siphon to handle electrolytes.When charging batteries, pour acid into water; DO NOT pour water into acid.Properly positioned the truck and apply the brake before changing or charging batteries.Take care to assure that vent caps are functioning.Leave the battery (or compartment) cover/(s) open to dissipate heat.DO NOT SMOKE in the charging area.Prevent open flames, sparks, or electric arcs in battery charging areas.Tools and other metallic objects shall be kept away from the top of uncovered batteries.
5 Forklift Safety FUELING SAFETY Fuel tanks shall not be filled while the engine is running. Avoid spillage.Spillage of oil or fuel shall be carefullywashed away or completely evaporatedand the fuel tank cap replaced before restarting engine.No truck shall be operated with a leak in the fuel system until the leak has been corrected.Open flames shall not be used for checking electrolyte level in storage batteries or gasoline level in fuel tanks.
6 Forklift Safety Maintenance of Powered Industrial Trucks Remove trucks not in safe operating condition. Repairs to be made by authorized personnel.Repairs to fuel and ignition systems that involve fire hazards to be completed in designated areas. Replacement parts to comply with original truck specifications and design.Inspect daily, report defects immediately.If the temperature of any part of the truck is found to be in excess of its normal operating temperature, remove the vehicle from service.Keep Industrial trucks in a clean condition, free of lint, excess oil, and grease.Noncombustible agents should be used for cleaning trucks. Low flash point (below 100 deg. F.) solvents may not be used. High flash point (at or above 100 deg. F.) solvents may be used.
7 Forklift Safety SAFE OPERATION PROCEDURE FOR CHARGING LPG TANK No Smoking.Move LPG PIT outside for refueling.Turn off PIT.LPG tanks will be removed in the following order:shut off service valvedisconnect tank from hoseunbuckle and remove tank from bracketLPG tanks will be replaced in to following order:place tank in bracket and re-bucklereconnect hose to tank and tighten firmly-open valve slowly and assure proper sealNOTE: Federal Law Prohibits dispensing an improper fuel type into any Vehicle or into a non-approved fuel container.
8 Forklift Safety OUT OF SERVICE SAFE OPERATION PROCEDURE FOR CHARGING LPG TANKIn Case of LPG Leaks or Tank RuptureDO NOT start or move the PIT.If fuel hose is leaking, Close valve immediately andplace PIT "Out of Service" until repaired.If tank ruptures, warn others, immediately leave the area (at least 50 feet) and notify Management. Do not re-enter the area until cleared by Management.OUTOFSERVICE
9 and shift gears to neutral Forklift SafetyTO START THE FORKLIFTApply the foot brakeand shift gears to neutralbefore turning the key
10 Forklift Safety PICKING UP A LOAD Approach straight on with forks in travel positionStop when tips about 1 foot from loadLevel forks, drive forward until load rests against the backrest of the mastLift the load high enough to clear anything underneathBack up 1 foot, slowly and evenly tilt the mast backwards to stabilizePUTTING DOWN A LOAD“Square” up and stop 1 foot from desired locationLevel the forks, drive to the loading spotSlowly lower the load to the floor, tilting forks slightly forwardBack straight out until forks have cleared the palletSTACKING ONE LOAD ON TOP OF ANOTHERUse the same approach as above
11 Forklift Safety LIFTING FORK LIFT SAFETY RULES Do not use bare forks as a man-lift platformApproach railroad tracks at a 45 angle when driving the forkliftSteer the forklift wide when making turnsSound the forklift horn to warn your approachLIFTINGDo not exceed the lift capacity of the forkliftFollow the manufacturer's guidelines concerning changes in the lift capacityLift the load an inch or two to test for stabilityIf the rear wheels are not in firm contact with the floor, take a lighter load or use a forklift that has a higher lift capacityWait until you are in the loading area and have stopped before raising or lowering the loadRaise the forks an additional two inches to avoid hitting or scraping the ramp surface as you approach the ramp
12 Forklift Safety DRIVING Obey all traffic rules and signs Drive with the load at a ground clearance height of 4-6 inches at the tips and 2 inches at the heels in order to clear most uneven surfaces and debrisDrive at a walking paceDo not drive into an area with a ceiling height that is lower than the height of the mast or overhead guardDo not drive along the edge of an unguarded elevated surfaceDo not exceed a safe working speed of five miles per hour.Stay a minimum distance of three truck lengths from other operating mobile equipment
13 Forklift SafetyDrive in reverse and use a signal person when your vision is blocked by the loadLook in the direction that you are driving; proceed when you have a clear pathDo not drive the forklift while people are on the attached man-lift platformDrive unloaded forklifts in reverse when going up a ramp and forward when going down a rampDrive a loaded forklift in a forward gear when going up a ramp; upon approaching the ramp, raise the forks an additional two inches to avoid hitting or scraping the ramp surfaceDo not attempt to turn the forklift around on a rampDo not use a gear for the opposite direction of travel as a means to slow down or stop the forkliftLower the mast completely, turn the engine off and set the parking brake before leaving your forklift
14 Forklift Safety TRAVELING All traffic regulations shall be observed, maintain a safe distance from the truck ahead.Yield to ambulances, fire trucks,or other vehicles in emergencysituations.Do not pass other trucks.Slow down and sound the horn atcross aisles and other locationswhere vision is obstructed.Cross railroad tracks diagonally wherever possible. Park no closer than 8 feet from the center of railroad tracks.
15 Forklift SafetyLook in the direction of, and keep a clear view of the path of travel.Grades shall be ascended or descended slowly.Operated the truck at a speed that will permit stopping in a safe manner.Stunt driving and horseplay is not be permitted.Slow down on wet and slippery floors.Secured dock-board or bridge-plates before they are driven over.Avoid running over loose objects on the roadway surface.When turning reduced speed to a safe level by turning the hand steering wheel in a smooth, sweeping motion.
16 Forklift Safety LOADING DOCKS Keep the forklift clear of the dock edge when backing up to the dockOnly start loading or unloading when the supply truck has come to a complete stop, the engine has been turned off, the dock lock has been engaged and the wheels have been chockedDo not drive the forklift into the truck until the bridge or dock plate has been attachedDo not drive the forklift into a truck bed or ontoa trailer that has "soft" or loose decking orother unstable flooringDrive straight across the bridge plates whenentering or exiting the trailerUse dock lights or headlights when working in adark trailer
17 Forklift Safety TRUCKS AND RAILROAD CARS Check for breaks and weakness before drivingonto trucks, trailers, and railroad carsThe brakes of highway trucks shall be set andwheel chocks placed under the rear wheels toprevent the trucks from rolling while they areboarded with powered industrial trucks.Wheel stops or other recognized positiveprotection shall be provided to prevent railroadcars from moving during loading or unloadingoperations.Use a fixed jack if necessary to prevent a semi-trailerfrom upending.Ensure that railroad cars will not move whiledock-boards or bridge plates are in position.