Presentation on theme: " Luminescence Dissolved Oxygen an optical and unique way (patent pending) of measuring Dissolved Oxygen eliminates nearly all disadvantages of traditional."— Presentation transcript:
Luminescence Dissolved Oxygen an optical and unique way (patent pending) of measuring Dissolved Oxygen eliminates nearly all disadvantages of traditional electro chemical DO measurement Lange LDO™ Sensor What does LDO means?
Lange LDO™ Sensor How does it look like? Sensor body Sensor cap Luminophor blue LED red LED Photo diode
The sensorcap is coated with a luminescent polymer. For the measurement the blue LED emits a pulse of light. This passes through the transparent carrier material and transfers part of its radiation energy to this material. Electrons from the luminophore are in this way raised from their initial energy state to a higher energy level. Lange LDO™ Sensor How does it works? Luminescence indicator- molekules Sensor- cap Sensor
The electrons return to the initial state via a number of intermediate levels (within s) The energy difference is emitted as a red radiation. This light is detected by a photo diode. Luminescence indicator- molekules Sensor- cap Sensor Lange LDO™ Sensor How does it works?
Emitted red light LED Photodiode Sensor cap with O 2 - selective fluorescing molecules Oxygen from sample Sensor Membrane Incident blue light The intensity of the residual red light is proportional to oxygen concentration Lange LDO™ Sensor How does it works?
- If oxygen molecules are now in contact with the luminophore, - these are able to absorb the energy of the electrons in higher energy levels - and make it possible for the electrons to return to their initial state without the emission of radiation. - increasing oxygen concentration results in - a reduction of the intensity of the red radiation emitted. - this causes vibrations in the luminophore, result in electrons leaving the higher energy level more quickly -The lifetime of the red radiation emitted is thus shortened. Lange LDO™ Sensor How does it works?
Both aspects are covered by the term quenching. Their effects are shown next page: the pulse of light sent out by the blue LED at time t=0 is incident on the luminophore that then emits red light immediately afterwards. Maximum intensity (I max ) and the decay time for the red radiation are dependent on the surrounding oxygen concentration (the decay time t is defined here are the time between excitation and reduction in the red radiation to 1/e times the maximum intensity). Intensity curve for blue radiation producing excitation and red radiation emitted. To determine the oxygen concentration the life of the red radiation is analysed. In this way the oxygen measurement is reduced to a purely physical measurement of the time. Lange LDO™ Sensor How does it works?
Lange LDO™ Sensor How does it works? Sensor cap LED Photo Diode Sensor LED Exitation puls Emisson profile without O 2 11 with O 2 22 Oxygen Normed Intensity Time [µs] s Luminophor
Lange LDO™ Sensor How does it works? The LDO technology reduces the oxygen measurement to a pure time measuement - the „Lifetime of Luminescense“
A red LED is also present in the sensor The red LED acts as an internal standard (or reference) for a comparison to the red light given off by the luminescent coating. Between flashes of the blue LED a red LED of known intensity is flashed on the sensor element. Sensor cap LED Photo Diode Sensor LED Lange LDO™ Sensor How does it works?
Customer benefits Lange LDO™
No calibration required Stable measurement results Independent from flow rate Reduced cleaning frequency Low maintenance efforts Without interference's No more poisoning of the sensor Short response time No polarisation time Two year warranty on sensor cap Key features of Lange LDO™ Sales arguments for Lange LDO™
Background: No calibration required Sales arguments for Lange LDO™ -Lange LDO™ sensor is very stable as it does not change it’s relevant characteristics ! -No anode to consume and no electrolyte to deplete extremely stable measurements -Adjustment of the whole optics due to an internal standard (red LED) -Each Lange LDO™ sensor cap is factory calibrated With Lange LDO™ the customer has not to calibrate his DO system anymore!
Background: - Lange LDO™ technology means no chemical inter action between the sample and the sensor element - Constant adjustment of all optical parts due to an internal standard (red LED) Stable measurement results Sales arguments for Lange LDO™ With Lange LDO™ the DO measurement results are stable over a longer period of time and thus more reliable
Background: - Electro chemical DO meters consume Oxygen during the measurement Constant need for fresh sample and therefore a min. flow rate required - Lange LDO™ doesn’t consume DO. It requires the presence of a representative DO concentration at the sensor element only No flow rate required Independent from flow rate Sales arguments for Lange LDO™
Reduced cleaning frequency Sales arguments for Lange LDO™ Background: - No DO consumption during the measurement - DO has not to diffuse through a membrane - DO must only be in contact with the luminescent coating on the sensor cap Dirt has not the same negative influence with the optical method as with the conventional DO sensors
Background: Only a sensor cap has to be exchanged once every two years : screw on / screw off Low maintenance efforts Sales arguments for Lange LDO™ -No membrane to replace -No more stretching of Teflon (very old procedure) and worrying about air bubbles -No electrolyte to foul or poison -No H 2 S poisoning of the electrolyte -No more punctured membranes -No more electrolyte depletion -No anode or cathode -No more coating of electrodes -No cleaning of anodes
Background: - The Lange LDO™ principle is selective to oxygen only. No interference with pH swings, waste water chemicals or heavy metals like open galvanic cells Lange LDO™ is superior compared to (self cleaning) open galvanic DO cells as there are no interference’s Without interference's Sales arguments for Lange LDO™
Background: - Lange LDO™ principle is not based on a chemical inter action between the sample and the sensor element - Lange LDO™ has been tested to a broad range of other chemicals. The sensor element is not affected by these (see data sheet) Lange LDO™ can measure reliable even in difficult applications No more poisoning of the sensor Sales arguments for Lange LDO™
Background: - With the optical measuring principle DO only has to be present in front of the sensor element and not to diffuse through a thick (50 µm) Teflon membrane. Short response time can be programmed (t 90 < 30 s) for high dynamic processes Short response time Sales arguments for Lange LDO™
Background: - Lange LDO™ is based on a new, optical technology. This technology does not need any “warm-up”. It is ready for use immediately. Switch the instrument on and start measuring! No polarization time Sales arguments for Lange LDO™