Presentation on theme: "Luminescence Dissolved Oxygen"— Presentation transcript:
1Luminescence Dissolved Oxygen Lange LDO™ SensorWhat does LDO means?Luminescence Dissolved Oxygenan optical and unique way (patent pending) of measuring Dissolved Oxygeneliminates nearly all disadvantages of traditional electro chemical DO measurement
2Lange LDO™ Sensor How does it look like? Photo diode red LED blue LED Sensor bodySensor capLuminophorblue LEDred LEDPhoto diode
3Lange LDO™ Sensor How does it works? Sensor Sensor- cap Luminescenceindicator-molekulesSensor-capSensorThe sensorcap is coated with a luminescent polymer.For the measurement the blue LED emits a pulse of light.This passes through the transparent carrier material and transfers part of its radiation energy to this material.Electrons from the luminophore are in this way raised from their initial energy state to a higher energy level.
4Lange LDO™ Sensor How does it works? Sensor Sensor- cap Luminescenceindicator-molekulesSensor-capSensorThe electrons return to the initial state via a number of intermediate levels (within ms)The energy difference is emitted as a red radiation.This light is detected by a photo diode.
5Lange LDO™ Sensor How does it works? Incident blue light MembranePhotodiodeLEDIncident blue lightEmitted red lightSensor cap with O2-selective fluorescing moleculesThe intensity of the residual red light is proportional to oxygen concentrationOxygen from sample
6Lange LDO™ Sensor How does it works? If oxygen molecules are now in contact with the luminophore,these are able to absorb the energy of the electrons in higher energy levelsand make it possible for the electrons to return to their initial state without the emission of radiation.increasing oxygen concentration results ina reduction of the intensity of the red radiation emitted.this causes vibrations in the luminophore, result in electrons leaving the higher energy level more quicklyThe lifetime of the red radiation emitted is thus shortened.
7Lange LDO™ Sensor How does it works? Both aspects are covered by the term quenching.Their effects are shown next page: the pulse of light sent out by the blue LED at time t=0 is incident on the luminophore that then emits red light immediately afterwards.Maximum intensity (Imax) and the decay time for the red radiation are dependent on the surrounding oxygen concentration (the decay time t is defined here are the time between excitation and reduction in the red radiation to 1/e times the maximum intensity).Intensity curve for blue radiation producing excitation and red radiation emitted. To determine the oxygen concentration the life t of the red radiation is analysed. In this way the oxygen measurement is reduced to a purely physical measurement of the time.
8Lange LDO™ Sensor t1 t2 How does it works? Sensor cap Luminophor Normed IntensityExitation pulsSensorcapLEDPhoto DiodesEmisson profilewithout O2t1with O2t2Time [µs]OxygenLuminophor
9„Lifetime of Luminescense“ Lange LDO™ SensorHow does it works?The LDO technology reduces the oxygen measurement to a pure time measuement - the„Lifetime of Luminescense“
10Lange LDO™ Sensor How does it works? Sensor cap A red LED is also present in the sensorThe red LED acts as an internal standard (or reference) for a comparison to the red light given off by the luminescent coating.Between flashes of the blue LED a red LED of known intensity is flashed on the sensor element.SensorcapLEDPhoto Diode
12Key features of Lange LDO™ Sales arguments for Lange LDO™No calibration requiredStable measurement resultsIndependent from flow rateReduced cleaning frequencyLow maintenance effortsWithout interference'sNo more poisoning of the sensorShort response timeNo polarisation timeTwo year warranty on sensor cap
13No calibration required Sales arguments for Lange LDO™Lange LDO™ sensor is very stable as it does not change it’s relevant characteristics !No anode to consume and no electrolyte to deplete extremely stable measurementsAdjustment of the whole optics due to an internal standard (red LED)Each Lange LDO™ sensor cap is factory calibratedBackground: With Lange LDO™ the customer has not to calibrate his DO system anymore!
14Stable measurement results Sales arguments for Lange LDO™Background: - Lange LDO™ technology means no chemical inter action between the sample and the sensor element- Constant adjustment of all optical parts due to an internal standard (red LED) With Lange LDO™ the DO measurement results are stable over a longer period of time and thus more reliable
15Independent from flow rate Sales arguments for Lange LDO™Background: - Electro chemical DO meters consume Oxygen during the measurement Constant need for fresh sample and therefore a min. flow rate required- Lange LDO™ doesn’t consume DO. It requires the presence of a representative DO concentration at the sensor element only No flow rate required
16Reduced cleaning frequency Sales arguments for Lange LDO™Background: - No DO consumption during the measurement- DO has not to diffuse through a membrane- DO must only be in contact with the luminescent coating on the sensor cap Dirt has not the same negative influence with the optical method as with the conventional DO sensors
17Low maintenance efforts Sales arguments for Lange LDO™Background: Only a sensor cap has to be exchanged once every two years : screw on / screw offNo membrane to replaceNo more stretching of Teflon (very old procedure) and worrying about air bubblesNo electrolyte to foul or poisonNo H2S poisoning of the electrolyteNo more punctured membranesNo more electrolyte depletionNo anode or cathodeNo more coating of electrodesNo cleaning of anodes
18Without interference's Sales arguments for Lange LDO™Background: - The Lange LDO™ principle is selective to oxygen only. No interference with pH swings, waste waterchemicals or heavy metals like opengalvanic cells Lange LDO™ is superior compared to (self cleaning) open galvanic DO cells as there are no interference’s
19No more poisoning of the sensor Sales arguments for Lange LDO™Background: - Lange LDO™ principle is not based on a chemical inter action between the sample and the sensor element- Lange LDO™ has been tested to a broad range of other chemicals. The sensor element is not affected by these (see data sheet) Lange LDO™ can measure reliable even in difficult applications
20Short response timeSales arguments for Lange LDO™Background: - With the optical measuring principle DO only has to be present in front of the sensor element and not to diffuse through a thick (50 µm) Teflon membrane. Short response time can be programmed (t90 < 30 s) for high dynamic processes
21 Switch the instrument on and start measuring! No polarization timeSales arguments for Lange LDO™Background: - Lange LDO™ is based on a new, opticaltechnology. This technology does not need any “warm-up”. It is ready for use immediately. Switch the instrument on and start measuring!