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BY: KATELIN MACKEN & SARA SEIDMAN SPORTS RELATED EATING DISORDERS SUFFER IMMUNE SYSTEM.

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Presentation on theme: "BY: KATELIN MACKEN & SARA SEIDMAN SPORTS RELATED EATING DISORDERS SUFFER IMMUNE SYSTEM."— Presentation transcript:

1 BY: KATELIN MACKEN & SARA SEIDMAN SPORTS RELATED EATING DISORDERS SUFFER IMMUNE SYSTEM

2 EATING DISORDERS DEFINED Illness that affects your everyday diet Teens and young adults Eat too little/ Over Eat Distorted Body Image, Depression, Anxiety, Lack of Control Anorexia, Bulimia Nervosa, Binge Eating Disorder, Female Athlete Triad Syndrome Mostly Women struggle 33% male athletes

3 SPORTS RELATED Anorexia Fear of weight gain Amenorrhea Not willing to maintain healthy body weight Extreme restricted dieting Emaciation (extreme thinness) Female Athlete Triad Syndrome Disordered eating, Low bone mass, and Amenorrhea Cross Country, Gymnastics, and Figure Skating Energy deficiency Pressure to be thin in sport

4 AFFECTS Affects on Body Osteoporosis Electrolyte Imbalance (fatigue, kidney damage, cardiac arrest/arrhythmia, death) Cognitive Impairment Severe Abdominal Pain Dangerously low heart beat/ blood pressure

5 BULIMIA NERVOSA Bulimia Multiple episodes of eating unusually large amounts of food and feeling lack of control post episode. Binge-eating follows forced vomiting, use of laxatives/diuretics, fasting, and/or excessive exercise Maintain healthy/normal weight Several times of week/day Physical Affects Inflamed/ sore throat Swollen salivary glands in neck/jaw Decrease in tooth enamel, decaying teeth from stomach acid Gastrointestinal problems Irritation from laxative abuse Severe dehydration from purging Electrolyte Imbalance

6 BINGE-EATING DISORDER Lose control over eating Do not purge, excessive exercise or use laxatives Most overweight/obese Increase Heart disease and hypertension Shame, guilt, embarrassment= more over- eating

7 MALES Wrestling Food restriction Decrease excess Fluid, i.e.- Saunas, Laxatives, Diuretics, Steam Rooms Bodybuilding/ Figure Competing Anorexia (flat muscles, muscle breakdown for energy) Bulimia Very hidden Muscle dysmorphia, “Bigorexia”; Obsession with increasing body size Gymnastics Swimming Rowing

8 FEMALES Cross Country Gymnastics Ballet Figure/Bikini Competing Swimming

9 IMMUNE SYSTEM Purpose Defend body against attack of “foreign invaders” Viruses I.e. Bacteria, Parasites, Fungi Both cause infections if not treated Crippled Immune System Cause disorders, allergic diseases, arthritis, diabetes, etc.

10 IMMUNITY DYSFUNCTION Decrease in white blood cells 1/3 victims =Anemic Deficiency in oxygen carrying component of blood Hold onto fat cells, burn muscle cells Person is vulnerable to infections

11 IMMUNITY DYSFUNCTION Purging decreases nutrition Releases vitamins and minerals person takes in Vitamins and minerals protect Immune system More susceptible to viruses/diseases

12 BEING PROACTIVE Loved one on verge of eating disorder Promote healthy eating, not dieting Don’t forbid certain foods Eat together as a family: Make meal time Pleasant! Praise children/friends for who they are, allowing them to become happy and confident about their appearance Do not pick on family members/friends on appareance

13 FACT 3 Risk Factors for Developing Eating Disorder A mother that diets A sister who diets Friends who diet

14 HELP NEDA (National Eating Disorders Association)

15 SOURCES ml disorders/index.shtml coaches/what-is-the-triad/ overview gateway-to-eating-disorders and-side-effects-from-bulimia-nervosa html


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