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Survivors learn to adapt – Zufa Cenva Survivors learn to adapt – Zufa Cenva.

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Presentation on theme: "Survivors learn to adapt – Zufa Cenva Survivors learn to adapt – Zufa Cenva."— Presentation transcript:

1 Survivors learn to adapt – Zufa Cenva Survivors learn to adapt – Zufa Cenva

2 Corrosion Most corrosion is electrochemical Galvanic cell is necessary No corrosion if one of these is missing: anode cathode electrolyte electrical connection No corrosion if one of these is missing: anode cathode electrolyte electrical connection anode cathode electrolyte electrical connection

3 Corrosion Most corrosion is electrochemical Galvanic cell is necessary Corrosion at anode Me = Me +n + ne – (metal dissolves) Corrosion at anode Me = Me +n + ne – (metal dissolves) anode cathode electrolyte electrical connection No dissolution at cathode

4 Corrosion What constitutes an anode/cathode pair? Zn Cu electrolyte electrical connection Dissimilar metals Ex: Cu & Zn (Zn corrodes) Ex: Cu & Zn (Zn corrodes) How do we know? Many combos tried experimentally How do we know? Many combos tried experimentally

5 Corrosion Result: the galvanic series Zn Cu electrolyte electrical connection anode cathode electrolyte electrical connection more cathodic more anodic

6 Corrosion What constitutes an anode/cathode pair? Dissimilar metals Different electrolytes 1 2 Ex: 1 contains little dissolved oxygen 2 contains much dissolved oxygen Ex: 1 contains little dissolved oxygen 2 contains much dissolved oxygen

7 Corrosion What constitutes an anode/cathode pair? Dissimilar metals Different electrolytes 1 2 Practical example: crevice corrosion Practical example: crevice corrosion

8 Corrosion What constitutes an anode/cathode pair? Dissimilar metals Different electrolytes 1 2 Deformation ––> non-homogeneous residual stress Deformation ––> non-homogeneous residual stress

9 Corrosion What constitutes an anode/cathode pair? Dissimilar metals Different electrolytes 1 2 Deformation ––> non-homogeneous residual stress Deformation ––> non-homogeneous residual stress Non-passivated vs. passivated metal or alloy

10 Corrosion What constitutes an anode/cathode pair? In summary– Anything that makes two half-cells different gives anode & cathode ––> corrosion In summary– Anything that makes two half-cells different gives anode & cathode ––> corrosion We can call these types macro cells

11 Corrosion Then what about micro cells? anode & cathode within single material operating on a micro scale Then what about micro cells? anode & cathode within single material operating on a micro scale Grain boundary - high energy region…anodic wrt bulk of grain Differently oriented grains - some planes of atoms dissolve faster than others Segregation (coring)

12 Corrosion Then what about micro cells? anode & cathode within single material operating on a micro scale Then what about micro cells? anode & cathode within single material operating on a micro scale Segregation (coring)

13 Assignment: Review today's classnotes a. The Galvanic cell b. Types of macro cells c. Types of microcells Read: pp Assignment: Review today's classnotes a. The Galvanic cell b. Types of macro cells c. Types of microcells Read: pp


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