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Diagnosis and Troubleshooting of Automotive Electrical, Electronic, and Computer Systems, Fifth Edition By James D. Halderman © 2010 Pearson Higher Education,

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Presentation on theme: "Diagnosis and Troubleshooting of Automotive Electrical, Electronic, and Computer Systems, Fifth Edition By James D. Halderman © 2010 Pearson Higher Education,"— Presentation transcript:

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2 Diagnosis and Troubleshooting of Automotive Electrical, Electronic, and Computer Systems, Fifth Edition By James D. Halderman © 2010 Pearson Higher Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall - Upper Saddle River, NJ OBJECTIVES After studying Chapter 17, the reader should be able to: 1.Prepare for ASE Electrical/Electronic Systems (A6) certification test content area “B” (Battery Diagnosis and Service). 2.List the precautions necessary when working with batteries. 3.Explain how to safely charge a battery. 4.Discuss how to perform a battery drain test.

3 Diagnosis and Troubleshooting of Automotive Electrical, Electronic, and Computer Systems, Fifth Edition By James D. Halderman © 2010 Pearson Higher Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall - Upper Saddle River, NJ BATTERY SERVICE SAFETY CONSIDERATIONS Batteries contain acid and release explosive gases (hydrogen and oxygen) during normal charging and discharging cycles. To help prevent physical injury or damage to the vehicle, always adhere to the following safety procedures. 1. When working on any electrical component on a vehicle, disconnect the negative battery cable from the battery. When the negative cable is disconnected, all electrical circuits in the vehicle will be open, which will prevent accidental electrical contact between an electrical component and ground.

4 Diagnosis and Troubleshooting of Automotive Electrical, Electronic, and Computer Systems, Fifth Edition By James D. Halderman © 2010 Pearson Higher Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall - Upper Saddle River, NJ BATTERY SERVICE SAFETY CONSIDERATIONS 2. Wear eye protection when working around any battery. 3. Wear protective clothing to avoid skin contact with battery acid. 4. Always adhere to all safety precautions as stated in the service procedures for the equipment used for battery service and testing. 5. Never smoke or use an open flame around any battery.

5 Diagnosis and Troubleshooting of Automotive Electrical, Electronic, and Computer Systems, Fifth Edition By James D. Halderman © 2010 Pearson Higher Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall - Upper Saddle River, NJ WHAT ARE SYMPTOMS OF A WEAK OR DEFECTIVE BATTERY? There are several warning signs to indicate that a battery is near the end of its useful life, including: –Uses water in one or more cells. –This indicates that the plates are sulfated and that during the charging process, the water in the electrolyte is being turned into separate hydrogen and oxygen gases. FIGURE 17-1 A visual inspection of this battery showed that the electrolyte level was below the plates in all cells.

6 Diagnosis and Troubleshooting of Automotive Electrical, Electronic, and Computer Systems, Fifth Edition By James D. Halderman © 2010 Pearson Higher Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall - Upper Saddle River, NJ WHAT ARE SYMPTOMS OF A WEAK OR DEFECTIVE BATTERY? Excessive corrosion on battery cables or connections. Corrosion is more likely to occur if the battery is sulfated, creating hot spots on the plates. When the battery is being charged, the acid fumes are forced out of the vent holes and get onto the battery cables, connections, and even on the battery tray underneath the battery. FIGURE 17-2 Corrosion on a battery cable could be an indication that the battery itself is either being overcharged or is sulfated, creating a lot of gassing of the electrolyte.

7 Diagnosis and Troubleshooting of Automotive Electrical, Electronic, and Computer Systems, Fifth Edition By James D. Halderman © 2010 Pearson Higher Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall - Upper Saddle River, NJ WHAT ARE SYMPTOMS OF A WEAK OR DEFECTIVE BATTERY? Slower than normal engine cranking. When the capacity of the battery is reduced due to damage or age, it is less likely to be able to supply the necessary current for starting the engine, especially during cold weather.

8 Diagnosis and Troubleshooting of Automotive Electrical, Electronic, and Computer Systems, Fifth Edition By James D. Halderman © 2010 Pearson Higher Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall - Upper Saddle River, NJ BATTERY MAINTENANCE Most new-style batteries are of a maintenance-free design that uses lead- calcium instead of lead- antimony plate grid construction. Battery maintenance includes making certain that the battery case is clean and checking and adding clean water, if necessary. FIGURE 17-3 Many maintenance-free batteries can be opened to check the electrolyte level without damaging the battery. Notice the surface dirt, which could cause the battery to self-discharge.

9 Diagnosis and Troubleshooting of Automotive Electrical, Electronic, and Computer Systems, Fifth Edition By James D. Halderman © 2010 Pearson Higher Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall - Upper Saddle River, NJ BATTERY MAINTENANCE Do not overfill a battery, because normal bubbling (gassing) of the electrolyte will cause the electrolyte to escape and start corrosion on the battery terminals, hold-down brackets, and battery tray.

10 Diagnosis and Troubleshooting of Automotive Electrical, Electronic, and Computer Systems, Fifth Edition By James D. Halderman © 2010 Pearson Higher Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall - Upper Saddle River, NJ BATTERY MAINTENANCE Another method is to fill the battery until the water becomes “puckered,” indicating that the electrolyte level is even with the bottom of the filler tube. FIGURE 17-4 The electrolyte level is correct if the liquid looks curved when observed from above. This curve is called the meniscus and is formed when the liquid clings to the surface of the fill tube in each cell (if equipped).

11 Diagnosis and Troubleshooting of Automotive Electrical, Electronic, and Computer Systems, Fifth Edition By James D. Halderman © 2010 Pearson Higher Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall - Upper Saddle River, NJ BATTERY VOLTAGE TEST Testing the battery voltage with a voltmeter is a simple method for determining the state of charge of any battery. FIGURE 17-5 (a) A battery voltage of volts is definitely not fully charged and should be charged before testing. (b) A battery that measures volts or higher after the surface charge has been removed is 100% charged.

12 Diagnosis and Troubleshooting of Automotive Electrical, Electronic, and Computer Systems, Fifth Edition By James D. Halderman © 2010 Pearson Higher Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall - Upper Saddle River, NJ BATTERY LOAD TESTING Many battery manufacturers recommend performing the load test twice, using the first load period to remove the surface charge on the battery and the second test to provide a truer indication of the condition of the battery.

13 Diagnosis and Troubleshooting of Automotive Electrical, Electronic, and Computer Systems, Fifth Edition By James D. Halderman © 2010 Pearson Higher Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall - Upper Saddle River, NJ BATTERY LOAD TESTING FIGURE 17-6 A Sun Electric VAT-40 (volt amp tester— Model 40) connected to a battery for load testing. The technician turns the load knob until the ammeter registers an amperage reading equal to one-half of the battery’s CCA rating. The load is maintained for 15 seconds, and the voltage of the battery should be higher than 9.6 volts at the end of the time period with the load still applied. FIGURE 17-7 A typical battery load tester hookup.

14 Diagnosis and Troubleshooting of Automotive Electrical, Electronic, and Computer Systems, Fifth Edition By James D. Halderman © 2010 Pearson Higher Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall - Upper Saddle River, NJ BATTERY LOAD TESTING FIGURE 17-8 This battery has cold- cranking amperes (CCA) of 550 A, cranking amperes (CA) of 680 A, and load test amperes of 270 A listed right on the top label. Not all batteries have all of this information. FIGURE 17-9 An alternator regulator battery starter tester (ARBST) automatically loads the battery with a fixed load for 15 seconds to remove the surface charge, then removes the load for 30 seconds to allow the battery to recover, and then reapplies the load for another 15 seconds. The results of the test are then displayed.

15 Diagnosis and Troubleshooting of Automotive Electrical, Electronic, and Computer Systems, Fifth Edition By James D. Halderman © 2010 Pearson Higher Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall - Upper Saddle River, NJ BATTERY LOAD TESTING FIGURE The minimum capacity test voltage varies with battery temperature.

16 Diagnosis and Troubleshooting of Automotive Electrical, Electronic, and Computer Systems, Fifth Edition By James D. Halderman © 2010 Pearson Higher Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall - Upper Saddle River, NJ HOW SHOULD YOU TEST A VEHICLE EQUIPPED WITH TWO BATTERIES? Many vehicles equipped with a diesel engine use two batteries. These batteries are usually electrically connected in parallel to provide additional current (amperes) at the same voltage. FIGURE Most light-duty vehicles equipped with two batteries are connected in parallel as shown. Two 500 A,12 volt batteries are capable of supplying 1,000 amperes at 12 volts, which is needed to start many diesel engines.

17 Diagnosis and Troubleshooting of Automotive Electrical, Electronic, and Computer Systems, Fifth Edition By James D. Halderman © 2010 Pearson Higher Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall - Upper Saddle River, NJ HOW SHOULD YOU TEST A VEHICLE EQUIPPED WITH TWO BATTERIES? Some heavy-duty trucks and buses connect two batteries in series to provide about the same current as one battery, but with twice the voltage. FIGURE Many heavy-duty trucks and buses use two 12 volt batteries connected in series to provide 24 volts.

18 Diagnosis and Troubleshooting of Automotive Electrical, Electronic, and Computer Systems, Fifth Edition By James D. Halderman © 2010 Pearson Higher Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall - Upper Saddle River, NJ ELECTRONIC CONDUCTANCE TESTING Conductance is a measure of how well a battery can create current. The unit can determine the CCA, state of charge, (soc) and voltage of the battery and detect all defects, such as shorts and opens. FIGURE The display on an electronic battery tester showing that the battery tested was good. It compares the rated CCA rating with the measured CCA capacity to help determine if the battery is good.

19 Diagnosis and Troubleshooting of Automotive Electrical, Electronic, and Computer Systems, Fifth Edition By James D. Halderman © 2010 Pearson Higher Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall - Upper Saddle River, NJ ELECTRONIC CONDUCTANCE TESTING Connect the unit to the positive and negative terminals of the battery and, after entering the CCA rating (if known), push the arrow keys. The tester determines one of the following: –Good battery. The battery can return to service. –Charge and retest. Fully recharge the battery and return it to service. –Replace the battery. The battery is not serviceable and should be replaced. –Bad cell—replace. The battery is not serviceable and should be replaced

20 Diagnosis and Troubleshooting of Automotive Electrical, Electronic, and Computer Systems, Fifth Edition By James D. Halderman © 2010 Pearson Higher Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall - Upper Saddle River, NJ BATTERY CHARGING If the state of charge of a battery is low, it must be recharged. It is best to slow-charge any battery to prevent possible overheating damage to the battery. FIGURE Battery charging guide. Battery charging times vary according to state of charge, temperature, and charging rate.

21 Diagnosis and Troubleshooting of Automotive Electrical, Electronic, and Computer Systems, Fifth Edition By James D. Halderman © 2010 Pearson Higher Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall - Upper Saddle River, NJ BATTERY CHARGING Remember, it may take eight hours or more to charge a fully discharged battery. FIGURE A typical industrial battery charger. Be sure that the ignition switch is in the off position before connecting any battery charges. Connect the cables of the charger to the battery before plugging the charger into the outlet. This helps prevent a voltage spike that could occur if the charger happened to be accidentally left on. Always follow the battery charger manufacturer’s instruction.

22 Diagnosis and Troubleshooting of Automotive Electrical, Electronic, and Computer Systems, Fifth Edition By James D. Halderman © 2010 Pearson Higher Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall - Upper Saddle River, NJ CHARGING AGM BATTERIES Absorbed glass mat batteries are usually used as auxiliary in hybrid electric vehicles when the battery is located inside the vehicle.

23 Diagnosis and Troubleshooting of Automotive Electrical, Electronic, and Computer Systems, Fifth Edition By James D. Halderman © 2010 Pearson Higher Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall - Upper Saddle River, NJ BATTERY CHARGE TIME The time needed to charge a completely discharged battery can be estimated by using the reserve capacity rating of the battery in minutes divided by the charging rate. Hours needed to charge the battery = Reserve capacity ÷ Charge current

24 Diagnosis and Troubleshooting of Automotive Electrical, Electronic, and Computer Systems, Fifth Edition By James D. Halderman © 2010 Pearson Higher Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall - Upper Saddle River, NJ ALWAYS USE ADAPTERS ON SIDEPOST BATTERIES Side-post batteries require that an adapter be used when charging the battery, if it is removed from the vehicle. An adapter or a bolt with a nut attached is needed to achieve full contact with the battery terminals. FIGURE Adapters should be used on side-terminal batteries when charging.

25 Diagnosis and Troubleshooting of Automotive Electrical, Electronic, and Computer Systems, Fifth Edition By James D. Halderman © 2010 Pearson Higher Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall - Upper Saddle River, NJ JUMP STARTING To jump start another vehicle with a dead battery, connect good-quality copper jumper cables FIGURE Jumper cable usage guide. Notice that the last connection should be the engine block of the disabled vehicle to help prevent the spark that normally occurs from igniting the gases from the battery.

26 Diagnosis and Troubleshooting of Automotive Electrical, Electronic, and Computer Systems, Fifth Edition By James D. Halderman © 2010 Pearson Higher Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall - Upper Saddle River, NJ JUMP STARTING Even if using a battery jump box, the last connection made should always be on the engine block or an engine bracket as far from the battery as possible. FIGURE A typical battery jump box used to jump start vehicles. These hand- portable units have almost made jumper cables obsolete.

27 Diagnosis and Troubleshooting of Automotive Electrical, Electronic, and Computer Systems, Fifth Edition By James D. Halderman © 2010 Pearson Higher Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall - Upper Saddle River, NJ BATTERY DATE CODES All major battery manufacturers stamp codes on the battery case that give the date of manufacture and other information. –A = January –B = February –C = March –D = April –E = May –F = June –G = July –H = August –J = September –K = October –L = November –M = December

28 Diagnosis and Troubleshooting of Automotive Electrical, Electronic, and Computer Systems, Fifth Edition By James D. Halderman © 2010 Pearson Higher Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall - Upper Saddle River, NJ BATTERY DATE CODES The shipping date from the manufacturing plant is usually indicated by a sticker on the end of the battery. Almost every battery manufacturer uses just one letter and one number to indicate the month and year. FIGURE The code on the Delphi battery indicates that it was built in 2005 (5),in February (B), on the 11th (11),during third shift (C), and in the Canadian plant (Z).

29 Diagnosis and Troubleshooting of Automotive Electrical, Electronic, and Computer Systems, Fifth Edition By James D. Halderman © 2010 Pearson Higher Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall - Upper Saddle River, NJ BATTERY ELECTRICAL DRAIN TEST The battery electrical drain test determines if some component or circuit in a vehicle is causing a drain on the battery when everything is off. This test is also called the ignition off draw (IOD) or parasitic load test.

30 Diagnosis and Troubleshooting of Automotive Electrical, Electronic, and Computer Systems, Fifth Edition By James D. Halderman © 2010 Pearson Higher Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall - Upper Saddle River, NJ BATTERY ELECTRICAL DRAIN TEST This test should be performed when one of the following conditions exists. –When a battery is being charged or replaced (a battery drain could have been the cause for charging or replacing the battery) –When the battery is suspected of being drained

31 Diagnosis and Troubleshooting of Automotive Electrical, Electronic, and Computer Systems, Fifth Edition By James D. Halderman © 2010 Pearson Higher Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall - Upper Saddle River, NJ IT COULD HAPPEN TO YOU! Before disconnecting the battery, check to be certain that the owner has the security code for a security-type radio. A “memory saver” may be needed to keep the radio powered up when the battery is being disconnected. FIGURE (a) Memory saver. The part numbers represent components from Radio Shack. (b) A schematic drawing of the same memory saver. Some experts recommend using a 12 volt lantern battery instead of a small 9 volt battery to help ensure that there will be enough voltage in the event that a door is opened while the vehicle battery is disconnected. Interior lights could quickly drain a small 9 volt battery.

32 Diagnosis and Troubleshooting of Automotive Electrical, Electronic, and Computer Systems, Fifth Edition By James D. Halderman © 2010 Pearson Higher Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall - Upper Saddle River, NJ PROCEDURE FOR BATTERY ELECTRICAL DRAIN TEST The fastest and easiest method to measure battery electrical drain is to connect an inductive DC ammeter that is capable of measuring low current (10 mA). FIGURE This mini clamp-on digital multimeter is being used to measure the amount of battery electrical drain that is present. In this case, a reading of 20 mA (displayed on the meter as A) is within the normal range of 20 to 30 mA. Be sure to clamp around all of the positive battery cable or all of the negative battery cable, whichever is easiest to get the clamp around.

33 Diagnosis and Troubleshooting of Automotive Electrical, Electronic, and Computer Systems, Fifth Edition By James D. Halderman © 2010 Pearson Higher Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall - Upper Saddle River, NJ PROCEDURE FOR BATTERY ELECTRICAL DRAIN TEST Following is the procedure for performing the battery electrical drain test using a DMM set to read DC amperes. 1.Make certain that all lights, accessories, and ignition are off. 2.Check all vehicle doors to be certain that the interior courtesy (dome) lights are off. 3.Disconnect the negative (-) battery cable and install a parasitic load tool. FIGURE Parasitic load tool. After connecting the shut-off tool, start the engine and operate all accessories. Stop the engine and turn everything off. Connect the ammeter across the shut-off switch in parallel. Wait 20 minutes. This time allows all electronic circuits to “timeout” or shutdown. Open the switch— all current now will flow through the ammeter. A reading greater than specified (usually greater than 50 milliamperes [0.05 ampere]) indicates a problem that should be corrected.

34 Diagnosis and Troubleshooting of Automotive Electrical, Electronic, and Computer Systems, Fifth Edition By James D. Halderman © 2010 Pearson Higher Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall - Upper Saddle River, NJ PROCEDURE FOR BATTERY ELECTRICAL DRAIN TEST 4.Start the engine and drive the vehicle about 10 minutes, being sure to turn on all the lights and accessories including the radio. 5.Turn the engine and all accessories off including the underhood light. 6.Connect an ammeter across the parasitic load tool switch and wait 10 minutes for all computers and circuits to shut down. 7.Open the switch on the load tool and read the battery electrical drain on the meter display.

35 Diagnosis and Troubleshooting of Automotive Electrical, Electronic, and Computer Systems, Fifth Edition By James D. Halderman © 2010 Pearson Higher Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall - Upper Saddle River, NJ PROCEDURE FOR BATTERY ELECTRICAL DRAIN TEST Be sure to reset the clock and antitheft radio if equipped. FIGURE The battery was replaced in this Acura and the radio displayed “code” when the replacement battery was installed. Thankfully, the owner had the five-digit code required to unlock the radio.

36 Diagnosis and Troubleshooting of Automotive Electrical, Electronic, and Computer Systems, Fifth Edition By James D. Halderman © 2010 Pearson Higher Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall - Upper Saddle River, NJ BATTERY DRAIN AND RESERVE CAPACITY It is normal for a battery to self-discharge even if there is not an electrical load such as computer memory to drain the battery. The calculation used is the reserve capacity of the battery divided by 4; this equals the maximum allowable battery drain.

37 Diagnosis and Troubleshooting of Automotive Electrical, Electronic, and Computer Systems, Fifth Edition By James D. Halderman © 2010 Pearson Higher Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall - Upper Saddle River, NJ FINDING THE SOURCE OF THE DRAIN If there is a drain, check and temporarily disconnect the following components. –Light under the hood (Some lights under the hood are hot all the time and light by means of a mercury switch when the hood is opened.) –Glove compartment light –Trunk light

38 Diagnosis and Troubleshooting of Automotive Electrical, Electronic, and Computer Systems, Fifth Edition By James D. Halderman © 2010 Pearson Higher Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall - Upper Saddle River, NJ WHAT TO DO IF A BATTERY DRAIN STILL EXISTS If all the fuses have been disconnected and the drain still exists, the source of the drain has to be between the battery and the fuse box. –The generator. Disconnect the generator wires and retest. If the ammeter now reads a normal drain, the problem is a defective diode(s) in the generator. –The starter solenoid (relay) or wiring near its components. These are also a common source of battery drain, due to high current flows and heat, which can damage the wire or insulation.

39 Diagnosis and Troubleshooting of Automotive Electrical, Electronic, and Computer Systems, Fifth Edition By James D. Halderman © 2010 Pearson Higher Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall - Upper Saddle River, NJ HIDDEN BATTERIES Many vehicle manufacturers today place the battery under the backseat, under the front fender, or in the trunk. FIGURE Many newer vehicles have batteries that are sometimes difficult to find. Some are located under plastic panels under the hood, under the front fender, or even under the rear seat. The battery in this Lincoln LS was located in the trunk next to the spare tire. The jump start instructions indicate that the spare tire hold-down bolt is to be used as the ground connection if jump starting is necessary.

40 Diagnosis and Troubleshooting of Automotive Electrical, Electronic, and Computer Systems, Fifth Edition By James D. Halderman © 2010 Pearson Higher Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall - Upper Saddle River, NJ BATTERY SYMPTOM GUIDE The following list will assist technicians in troubleshooting batteries.

41 Diagnosis and Troubleshooting of Automotive Electrical, Electronic, and Computer Systems, Fifth Edition By James D. Halderman © 2010 Pearson Higher Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall - Upper Saddle River, NJ BATTERY LOAD TEST Step-by-Step

42 Diagnosis and Troubleshooting of Automotive Electrical, Electronic, and Computer Systems, Fifth Edition By James D. Halderman © 2010 Pearson Higher Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall - Upper Saddle River, NJ BATTERY LOAD TEST Step-by-Step cont

43 Diagnosis and Troubleshooting of Automotive Electrical, Electronic, and Computer Systems, Fifth Edition By James D. Halderman © 2010 Pearson Higher Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall - Upper Saddle River, NJ BATTERY LOAD TEST Step-by-Step cont

44 Diagnosis and Troubleshooting of Automotive Electrical, Electronic, and Computer Systems, Fifth Edition By James D. Halderman © 2010 Pearson Higher Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall - Upper Saddle River, NJ SUMMARY 1.All batteries should be securely attached to the vehicle with hold-down brackets to prevent vibration damage. 2.Batteries can be tested with a voltmeter to determine the state of charge. A battery load test loads the battery to one-half of its CCA rating. A good battery should be able to maintain higher than 9.6 volts for the entire 15-second test period. 3.A battery drain test should be performed if the battery runs down.

45 Diagnosis and Troubleshooting of Automotive Electrical, Electronic, and Computer Systems, Fifth Edition By James D. Halderman © 2010 Pearson Higher Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall - Upper Saddle River, NJ REVIEW QUESTIONS 1.Describe the results of a voltmeter test of a battery and its state of charge. 2.List the steps for performing a battery load test. 3.Explain how to perform a battery drain test.

46 Diagnosis and Troubleshooting of Automotive Electrical, Electronic, and Computer Systems, Fifth Edition By James D. Halderman © 2010 Pearson Higher Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall - Upper Saddle River, NJ CHAPTER QUIZ 1.Technician A says that distilled or clean drinking water should be added to a battery when the electrolyte level is low. Technician B says that fresh electrolyte (solution of acid and water) should be added. Which technician is correct? a)Technician A only b)Technician B only c)Both Technicians A and B d)Neither Technician A nor B

47 Diagnosis and Troubleshooting of Automotive Electrical, Electronic, and Computer Systems, Fifth Edition By James D. Halderman © 2010 Pearson Higher Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall - Upper Saddle River, NJ CHAPTER QUIZ 1.Technician A says that distilled or clean drinking water should be added to a battery when the electrolyte level is low. Technician B says that fresh electrolyte (solution of acid and water) should be added. Which technician is correct? a)Technician A only b)Technician B only c)Both Technicians A and B d)Neither Technician A nor B

48 Diagnosis and Troubleshooting of Automotive Electrical, Electronic, and Computer Systems, Fifth Edition By James D. Halderman © 2010 Pearson Higher Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall - Upper Saddle River, NJ CHAPTER QUIZ 2.All batteries should be in a secure bracket that is bolted to the vehicle to prevent physical damage to the battery. a)True b)False

49 Diagnosis and Troubleshooting of Automotive Electrical, Electronic, and Computer Systems, Fifth Edition By James D. Halderman © 2010 Pearson Higher Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall - Upper Saddle River, NJ CHAPTER QUIZ 2.All batteries should be in a secure bracket that is bolted to the vehicle to prevent physical damage to the battery. a)True b)False

50 Diagnosis and Troubleshooting of Automotive Electrical, Electronic, and Computer Systems, Fifth Edition By James D. Halderman © 2010 Pearson Higher Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall - Upper Saddle River, NJ CHAPTER QUIZ 3.A battery date code sticker indicates D6. What does this mean? a)The date it was shipped from the factory was December b)The date it was shipped from the factory was April c)The battery expires in December d)It was built the second day of the week (Tuesday).

51 Diagnosis and Troubleshooting of Automotive Electrical, Electronic, and Computer Systems, Fifth Edition By James D. Halderman © 2010 Pearson Higher Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall - Upper Saddle River, NJ CHAPTER QUIZ 3.A battery date code sticker indicates D6. What does this mean? a)The date it was shipped from the factory was December b)The date it was shipped from the factory was April c)The battery expires in December d)It was built the second day of the week (Tuesday).

52 Diagnosis and Troubleshooting of Automotive Electrical, Electronic, and Computer Systems, Fifth Edition By James D. Halderman © 2010 Pearson Higher Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall - Upper Saddle River, NJ CHAPTER QUIZ 4.Many vehicle manufacturers recommend that a special electrical connector be installed between the battery and the battery cable when testing for _____. a)Battery drain (parasitic drain) b)Specific gravity c)Battery voltage d)Battery charge rate

53 Diagnosis and Troubleshooting of Automotive Electrical, Electronic, and Computer Systems, Fifth Edition By James D. Halderman © 2010 Pearson Higher Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall - Upper Saddle River, NJ CHAPTER QUIZ 4.Many vehicle manufacturers recommend that a special electrical connector be installed between the battery and the battery cable when testing for _____. a)Battery drain (parasitic drain) b)Specific gravity c)Battery voltage d)Battery charge rate

54 Diagnosis and Troubleshooting of Automotive Electrical, Electronic, and Computer Systems, Fifth Edition By James D. Halderman © 2010 Pearson Higher Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall - Upper Saddle River, NJ CHAPTER QUIZ 5.When load testing a battery, which battery rating is usually used to determine how much load to apply to the battery? a)CA b)RC c)MCA d)CCA

55 Diagnosis and Troubleshooting of Automotive Electrical, Electronic, and Computer Systems, Fifth Edition By James D. Halderman © 2010 Pearson Higher Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall - Upper Saddle River, NJ CHAPTER QUIZ 5.When load testing a battery, which battery rating is usually used to determine how much load to apply to the battery? a)CA b)RC c)MCA d)CCA

56 Diagnosis and Troubleshooting of Automotive Electrical, Electronic, and Computer Systems, Fifth Edition By James D. Halderman © 2010 Pearson Higher Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall - Upper Saddle River, NJ CHAPTER QUIZ 6.When measuring the specific gravity of the electrolyte, the maximum allowable difference between the highest and lowest hydrometer reading is _____. a)0.010 b)0.020 c)0.050 d)0.50

57 Diagnosis and Troubleshooting of Automotive Electrical, Electronic, and Computer Systems, Fifth Edition By James D. Halderman © 2010 Pearson Higher Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall - Upper Saddle River, NJ CHAPTER QUIZ 6.When measuring the specific gravity of the electrolyte, the maximum allowable difference between the highest and lowest hydrometer reading is _____. a)0.010 b)0.020 c)0.050 d)0.50

58 Diagnosis and Troubleshooting of Automotive Electrical, Electronic, and Computer Systems, Fifth Edition By James D. Halderman © 2010 Pearson Higher Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall - Upper Saddle River, NJ CHAPTER QUIZ 7.A battery high-rate discharge (load capacity) test is being performed on a 12 volt battery. Technician A says that a good battery should have a voltage reading of higher than 9.6 volts while under load at the end of the 15 second test. Technician B says that the battery should be discharged (loaded) to twice its CCA rating. Which technician is correct? a)Technician A only b)Technician B only c)Both Technician’s A and B d)Neither Technician A nor B

59 Diagnosis and Troubleshooting of Automotive Electrical, Electronic, and Computer Systems, Fifth Edition By James D. Halderman © 2010 Pearson Higher Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall - Upper Saddle River, NJ CHAPTER QUIZ 7.A battery high-rate discharge (load capacity) test is being performed on a 12 volt battery. Technician A says that a good battery should have a voltage reading of higher than 9.6 volts while under load at the end of the 15 second test. Technician B says that the battery should be discharged (loaded) to twice its CCA rating. Which technician is correct? a)Technician A only b)Technician B only c)Both Technician’s A and B d)Neither Technician A nor B

60 Diagnosis and Troubleshooting of Automotive Electrical, Electronic, and Computer Systems, Fifth Edition By James D. Halderman © 2010 Pearson Higher Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall - Upper Saddle River, NJ CHAPTER QUIZ 8.When charging a maintenance-free (lead-calcium) battery, _____. a)The initial charging rate should be about 35 amperes for 30 minutes b)The battery may not accept a charge for several hours, yet may still be a good (serviceable) battery c)The battery temperature should not exceed 125°F (hot to the touch) d)All of the above are correct

61 Diagnosis and Troubleshooting of Automotive Electrical, Electronic, and Computer Systems, Fifth Edition By James D. Halderman © 2010 Pearson Higher Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall - Upper Saddle River, NJ CHAPTER QUIZ 8.When charging a maintenance-free (lead-calcium) battery, _____. a)The initial charging rate should be about 35 amperes for 30 minutes b)The battery may not accept a charge for several hours, yet may still be a good (serviceable) battery c)The battery temperature should not exceed 125°F (hot to the touch) d)All of the above are correct

62 Diagnosis and Troubleshooting of Automotive Electrical, Electronic, and Computer Systems, Fifth Edition By James D. Halderman © 2010 Pearson Higher Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall - Upper Saddle River, NJ CHAPTER QUIZ 9.Normal battery drain (parasitic drain) with a vehicle with many computer and electronic circuits is _____. a)20 to 30 milliamperes b)2 to 3 amperes c)150 to 300 milliamperes d)None of the above

63 Diagnosis and Troubleshooting of Automotive Electrical, Electronic, and Computer Systems, Fifth Edition By James D. Halderman © 2010 Pearson Higher Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall - Upper Saddle River, NJ CHAPTER QUIZ 9.Normal battery drain (parasitic drain) with a vehicle with many computer and electronic circuits is _____. a)20 to 30 milliamperes b)2 to 3 amperes c)150 to 300 milliamperes d)None of the above

64 Diagnosis and Troubleshooting of Automotive Electrical, Electronic, and Computer Systems, Fifth Edition By James D. Halderman © 2010 Pearson Higher Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall - Upper Saddle River, NJ CHAPTER QUIZ 10.When jump starting, _____. a)The last connection should be the positive post of the dead battery b)The last connection should be the engine block of the dead vehicle c)The generator (alternator) must be disconnected on both vehicles d)Both a and c are correct

65 Diagnosis and Troubleshooting of Automotive Electrical, Electronic, and Computer Systems, Fifth Edition By James D. Halderman © 2010 Pearson Higher Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall - Upper Saddle River, NJ CHAPTER QUIZ 10.When jump starting, _____. a)The last connection should be the positive post of the dead battery b)The last connection should be the engine block of the dead vehicle c)The generator (alternator) must be disconnected on both vehicles d)Both a and c are correct

66 Diagnosis and Troubleshooting of Automotive Electrical, Electronic, and Computer Systems, Fifth Edition By James D. Halderman © 2010 Pearson Higher Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall - Upper Saddle River, NJ END


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