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Chapter 26 - Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance $100 $200 $300 $400 $500 $100$100$100 $200 $300 $400 $500 Body Fluids Water Balance Electrolyte.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 26 - Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance $100 $200 $300 $400 $500 $100$100$100 $200 $300 $400 $500 Body Fluids Water Balance Electrolyte."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 26 - Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance $100 $200 $300 $400 $500 $100$100$100 $200 $300 $400 $500 Body Fluids Water Balance Electrolyte Balance Acid-Base Balance Potluck FINAL ROUND

2 Body Fluids: $100 Question Which of the following is not considered part of the interstitial fluid? a. Lymph b. Plasma c. Cerebrospinal fluid d. Synovial fluid BACK TO GAME ANSWER

3 Body Fluids: $100 Answer Which of the following is not considered part of the interstitial fluid? a. Lymph b. Plasma c. Cerebrospinal fluid d. Synovial fluid BACK TO GAME

4 Body Fluids: $200 Question The main intracellular electrolyte is: a. sodium. b. chloride. c. potassium. d. both sodium and chloride. BACK TO GAME ANSWER

5 Body Fluids: $200 Answer The main intracellular electrolyte is: a. sodium. b. chloride. c. potassium. d. both sodium and chloride. BACK TO GAME

6 Body Fluids: $300 Question Which of the following individuals would have the highest percentage of water in their body mass composition? a. Infants b. Teenagers c. Young male adults d. Young female adults BACK TO GAME ANSWER

7 Body Fluids: $300 Answer Which of the following individuals would have the highest percentage of water in their body mass composition? a. Infants b. Teenagers c. Young male adults d. Young female adults BACK TO GAME

8 Body Fluids: $400 Question All of the following statements about electrolytes are true except: a. they conduct an electrical current. b. they include acids, bases, and salts. c. they possess a greater osmotic power than nonelectrolytes. d. they form mainly covalent bonds. BACK TO GAME ANSWER

9 Body Fluids: $400 Answer All of the following statements about electrolytes are true except: a. they conduct an electrical current. b. they include acids, bases, and salts. c. they possess a greater osmotic power than nonelectrolytes. d. they form mainly covalent bonds. BACK TO GAME

10 Body Fluids: $500 Question A decrease in the osmolarity of the extracellular fluid would cause water to: a. move into the cells. b. move into the interstitial fluid. c. move into the blood. d. move into the lymph. BACK TO GAME ANSWER

11 Body Fluids: $500 Answer A decrease in the osmolarity of the extracellular fluid would cause water to: a. move into the cells. b. move into the interstitial fluid. c. move into the blood. d. move into the lymph. BACK TO GAME

12 Water Balance: $100 Question The area of the brain that plays a major role in water and electrolyte balance is the: a. cerebral cortex. b. medulla. c. thalamus. d. hypothalamus. BACK TO GAME ANSWER

13 Water Balance: $100 Answer The area of the brain that plays a major role in water and electrolyte balance is the: a. cerebral cortex. b. medulla. c. thalamus. d. hypothalamus. BACK TO GAME

14 Water Balance: $200 Question The driving force of water intake is: a. ADH. b. thirst. c. decline in blood volume. d. decrease in plasma osmolarity. BACK TO GAME ANSWER

15 Water Balance: $200 Answer The driving force of water intake is: a. ADH. b. thirst. c. decline in blood volume. d. decrease in plasma osmolarity. BACK TO GAME

16 Water Balance: $300 Question All the following trigger ADH release except: a. fever. b. burns. c. edema. d. vomiting. BACK TO GAME ANSWER

17 Water Balance: $300 Answer All the following trigger ADH release except: a. fever. b. burns. c. edema. d. vomiting. BACK TO GAME

18 Water Balance: $400 Question Which solute plays the biggest role in water reabsorption? a. Sodium ions b. Potassium ions c. Bicarbonate ions d. Calcium ions BACK TO GAME ANSWER

19 Water Balance: $400 Answer Which solute plays the biggest role in water reabsorption? a. Sodium ions b. Potassium ions c. Bicarbonate ions d. Calcium ions BACK TO GAME

20 Water Balance: $500 Question The hallmark symptom of hypotonic hydration is: a. hyponatremia. b. oliguria. c. hypoproteinemia. d. all of the above. BACK TO GAME ANSWER

21 Water Balance: $500 Answer The hallmark symptom of hypotonic hydration is: a. hyponatremia. b. oliguria. c. hypoproteinemia. d. all of the above. BACK TO GAME

22 Electrolyte Balance: $100 Question “Electrolyte balance” usually refers to the balance of: a. acids. b. bases. c. salts. d. pH. BACK TO GAME ANSWER

23 Electrolyte Balance: $100 Answer “Electrolyte balance” usually refers to the balance of: a. acids. b. bases. c. salts. d. pH. BACK TO GAME

24 Electrolyte Balance: $200 Question Aldosterone targets which part of the nephron? a. Glomerulus b. Proximal convoluted tubule c. Distal convoluted tubule d. Loop of Henle BACK TO GAME ANSWER

25 Electrolyte Balance: $200 Answer Aldosterone targets which part of the nephron? a. Glomerulus b. Proximal convoluted tubule c. Distal convoluted tubule d. Loop of Henle BACK TO GAME

26 Electrolyte Balance: $300 Question The only electrolyte that exerts significant osmotic pressure is the: a. chloride ion. b. potassium ion. c. calcium ion. d. sodium ion. BACK TO GAME ANSWER

27 Electrolyte Balance: $300 Answer The only electrolyte that exerts significant osmotic pressure is the: a. chloride ion. b. potassium ion. c. calcium ion. d. sodium ion. BACK TO GAME

28 Electrolyte Balance: $400 Question The JGA will respond to all of the following except: a. dehydration. b. the sympathetic nervous system. c. hypertension. d. a decrease in NaCl concentration. BACK TO GAME ANSWER

29 Electrolyte Balance: $400 Answer The JGA will respond to all of the following except: a. dehydration. b. the sympathetic nervous system. c. hypertension. d. a decrease in NaCl concentration. BACK TO GAME

30 Electrolyte Balance: $500 Question ANP promotes which of the following? a. ADH release b. Aldosterone release c. Vasoconstriction d. Sodium excretion BACK TO GAME ANSWER

31 Electrolyte Balance: $500 Answer ANP promotes which of the following? a. ADH release b. Aldosterone release c. Vasoconstriction d. Sodium excretion BACK TO GAME

32 Acid-Base Balance: $100 Question A normal arterial pH is: a b c d BACK TO GAME ANSWER

33 Acid-Base Balance: $100 Answer A normal arterial pH is: a b c d BACK TO GAME

34 Acid-Base Balance: $200 Question The most important buffer in our plasma is: a. bicarbonate. b. phosphate. c. protein. d. All are equally important. BACK TO GAME ANSWER

35 Acid-Base Balance: $200 Answer The most important buffer in our plasma is: a. bicarbonate. b. phosphate. c. protein. d. All are equally important. BACK TO GAME

36 Acid-Base Balance: $300 Question Hydrogen ions are secreted into the filtrate mainly by the: a. proximal convoluted tubule. b. distal convoluted tubule. c. loop of Henle. d. glomerulus. BACK TO GAME ANSWER

37 Acid-Base Balance: $300 Answer Hydrogen ions are secreted into the filtrate mainly by the: a. proximal convoluted tubule. b. distal convoluted tubule. c. loop of Henle. d. glomerulus. BACK TO GAME

38 Acid-Base Balance: $400 Question The most important urine buffer is: a. bicarbonate. b. phosphate. c. protein. d. urea. BACK TO GAME ANSWER

39 Acid-Base Balance: $400 Answer The most important urine buffer is: a. bicarbonate. b. phosphate. c. protein. d. urea. BACK TO GAME

40 Acid-Base Balance: $500 Question Which ion is reabsorbed when hydrogen ions are secreted? a. Potassium b. Sodium c. Chloride d. Calcium BACK TO GAME ANSWER

41 Acid-Base Balance: $500 Answer Which ion is reabsorbed when hydrogen ions are secreted? a. Potassium b. Sodium c. Chloride d. Calcium BACK TO GAME

42 Potluck: $100 Question Parathormone enhances the reabsorption of _______ ions a. sodium b. potassium c. chloride d. calcium BACK TO GAME ANSWER

43 Potluck: $100 Answer Parathormone enhances the reabsorption of _______ ions a. sodium b. potassium c. chloride d. calcium BACK TO GAME

44 Potluck: $200 Question Hypoproteinemia can lead to a condition called: a. hypertension. b. edema. c. hypotonic hydration. d. acidosis. BACK TO GAME ANSWER

45 Potluck: $200 Answer Hypoproteinemia can lead to a condition called: a. hypertension. b. edema. c. hypotonic hydration. d. acidosis. BACK TO GAME

46 Potluck: $300 Question Which electrolyte is never secreted into the filtrate? a. Chloride b. Potassium c. Calcium d. Sodium BACK TO GAME ANSWER

47 Potluck: $300 Answer Which electrolyte is never secreted into the filtrate? a. Chloride b. Potassium c. Calcium d. Sodium BACK TO GAME

48 Potluck: $400 Question Amphoteric molecules are molecules that can: a. act as either an acid or a base. b. stimulate water conservation. c. stimulate the reabsorption of sodium. d. stimulate the excretion of hydrogen ions. BACK TO GAME ANSWER

49 Potluck: $400 Answer Amphoteric molecules are molecules that can: a. act as either an acid or a base. b. stimulate water conservation. c. stimulate the reabsorption of sodium. d. stimulate the excretion of hydrogen ions. BACK TO GAME

50 Potluck: $500 Question Hyperventilation leads to: a. respiratory acidosis. b. respiratory alkalosis. c. metabolic acidosis. d. respiratory compensation. BACK TO GAME ANSWER

51 Potluck: $500 Answer Hyperventilation leads to: a. respiratory acidosis. b. respiratory alkalosis. c. metabolic acidosis. d. respiratory compensation. BACK TO GAME

52 FINAL ROUND Question A mother brings her 10-year-old daughter in for a clinical consultation because she has observed the daughter eating chalk and corn starch. You recognize the condition as pica and order blood tests. You suspect that the test will show that she is deficient in: a. protein. b. sodium. c. iron. d. potassium. BACK TO GAME ANSWER

53 FINAL ROUND Answer A mother brings her 10-year-old daughter in for a clinical consultation because she has observed the daughter eating chalk and corn starch. You recognize the condition as pica and order blood tests. You suspect that the test will show that she is deficient in: a. protein. b. sodium. c. iron. d. potassium. BACK TO GAME


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