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Fire Fighter Level I Personal Protective Equipment Reference: - IFSTA Essentials 4 th /5 th Edition Lesson 3 – Hazardous Atmospheres.

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Presentation on theme: "Fire Fighter Level I Personal Protective Equipment Reference: - IFSTA Essentials 4 th /5 th Edition Lesson 3 – Hazardous Atmospheres."— Presentation transcript:

1 Fire Fighter Level I Personal Protective Equipment Reference: - IFSTA Essentials 4 th /5 th Edition Lesson 3 – Hazardous Atmospheres

2 Fire Fighter Level I Personal Protective Equipment Common Hazardous Atmospheres Oxygen Deficient Elevated Temperature Smoke Toxic Atmospheres (w/ or w/out Fire) FFI: Personal Protective Equipment – Lesson 3

3 Fire Fighter Level I Personal Protective Equipment Oxygen Deficiency Combustion consumes oxygen Below grade Confined spaces OSHA: < 19.5% FFI: Personal Protective Equipment – Lesson 3

4 Fire Fighter Level I Personal Protective Equipment Oxygen Deficiency Physical Effects 21%Normal Conditions 17%Muscle Impairment Increased Respirations 12%Dizziness Headache Fatigue 9%Loss of consciousness 6%Respiratory Arrest Cardiac Arrest FFI: Personal Protective Equipment – Lesson 3

5 Fire Fighter Level I Personal Protective Equipment Elevated Temperature Increased Respiratory Rate Pulmonary Edema Swelling – Nasal/Oral Pharynx FFI: Personal Protective Equipment – Lesson 3

6 Fire Fighter Level I Personal Protective Equipment Smoke Particles of carbon, dust & tar in heated gas Respiratory irritant Can cause asphyxiation FFI: Personal Protective Equipment – Lesson 3

7 Fire Fighter Level I Personal Protective Equipment Toxic Atmospheres & Gases Lung disease Tissue impairment Carcinogenic Examples COHC CO2NO2 HClCOCl2 FFI: Personal Protective Equipment – Lesson 3

8 Fire Fighter Level I Personal Protective Equipment Carbon Dioxide (CO 2 ) Colorless/odorless Result of free burning Product of COMPLETE combustion Displaces O 2 FFI: Personal Protective Equipment – Lesson 3

9 Fire Fighter Level I Personal Protective Equipment Carbon Monoxide (CO) Colorless/odorless Product of INCOMPLETE combustion Responsible for MOST deaths Binds with red blood cells FFI: Personal Protective Equipment – Lesson 3

10 Fire Fighter Level I Personal Protective Equipment Hydrogen Chloride (HCl) Colorless, sometimes slightly yellow Pungent odor Burning plastics Irritates eyes and respiratory system FFI: Personal Protective Equipment – Lesson 3

11 Fire Fighter Level I Personal Protective Equipment Hydrogen Cyanide (HCN) Colorless Bitter, almond odor Wool, nylon, paper, foam, rubber & polyurethane Chemical asphyxiant Treated with Amyl Nitrate FFI: Personal Protective Equipment – Lesson 3

12 Fire Fighter Level I Personal Protective Equipment Nitrogen Dioxide (NO 2 ) Reddish-brown Pungent odor Silos & grain bins Irritates nose & throat FFI: Personal Protective Equipment – Lesson 3

13 Fire Fighter Level I Personal Protective Equipment Phosgene (COCl 2 ) Colorless / “Musty Hay” odor / Tasteless Refrigerants Forms Hydrochloric Acid in the lungs Deadly FFI: Personal Protective Equipment – Lesson 3


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