Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Physical Examination of Cattle Douglas E. Hostetler DVM, MS.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Physical Examination of Cattle Douglas E. Hostetler DVM, MS."— Presentation transcript:

1 Physical Examination of Cattle Douglas E. Hostetler DVM, MS

2 Indications: When an individual animal requires examination to allow diagnosis and treatment for an illness When an individual animal requires examination to allow diagnosis and treatment for an illness Examination of a representative sample of animals to investigate a herd outbreak of disease Examination of a representative sample of animals to investigate a herd outbreak of disease Evaluation prior to completing health certificates for intrastate or interstate transport Evaluation prior to completing health certificates for intrastate or interstate transport

3 Procedure: Develop a systematic procedure for performing a complete physical examination Develop a systematic procedure for performing a complete physical examination –Personalized –Prevents omission of important information –Enables easier recall of abnormal findings

4 Dr. Hostetler’s Physical Examination Observe 1 st from a distance Observe 1 st from a distance –Demeanor –Level of alertness –Responsiveness –Segregation from herdmates  Not possible in a referral situation

5 Visual Observation: Proprioception Proprioception Strength Strength Lameness Lameness Head and neck position Head and neck position Udder symmetry Udder symmetry BCS BCS

6 Examination: Restraint Restraint –Chute –Halter –Headgate –Ganglock

7 Examination: Collect data most affected by sympathetic tone first Collect data most affected by sympathetic tone first –Urine Sample for Multistick analysis –Rumination Rate –Heart Rate –Respiratory Rate

8 Urine Collection: Gently rub the escutcheon in an upward motion Gently rub the escutcheon in an upward motion –Perineal region from udder to Ventral commissure of the vulva –Do not hold the tail! –Collect sample in a clean container Insert thermometer following urine collection Insert thermometer following urine collection Some Normal Values Some Normal Values –pH 8 –Glucose Neg –Ketone Neg –Protein Neg-trace

9 Start on the Left From the rear forward From the rear forward

10 Rumination Rate Listen, count and record the primary and secondary rumen contractions over two full minutes Listen, count and record the primary and secondary rumen contractions over two full minutes –Mid Left Paralumbar Fossa Normal 1-2 per Minute Normal 1-2 per Minute

11 Direct Heart Rate, Rhythm and Sounds Left side Left side –Intercostal Spaces 3-5 –Behind the elbow –Normal Rate?  Adults  Calves

12 Respiratory Rate and Lung Sounds Rate can be evaluated by observation of chest excursions Rate can be evaluated by observation of chest excursions –Normal Sounds (triangle) Sounds (triangle) –Point of elbow –T13 at Transverse Processes –Caudal to triceps Acoustic Percussion Acoustic Percussion –Dullness Dorsal to the Heart Shadow? SQ Emphysema Dorsally? SQ Emphysema Dorsally? –Reach up and feel for it

13 Peripheral Lymph Nodes Prescapular Prescapular Prefemoral Prefemoral Supramammary Supramammary Parotid Parotid Submandibular Submandibular

14 Superficial Veins Jugular Jugular –Pulses? –Distension Caudal Superficial Epigastric Caudal Superficial Epigastric –Distension? –Swelling?

15 Abdominal Auscultation and Percussion Simultaneous Auscultation and Percussion Simultaneous Auscultation and Percussion –“Pinging” Entire Abdomen Entire Abdomen

16 Abdominal Auscultation and Percussion Simultaneous Auscultation and Percussion Simultaneous Auscultation and Percussion –“Pinging” Entire Abdomen Entire Abdomen

17 Left limbs and Udder Swelling of the limbs? Swelling of the limbs? –Fore and Rear Palpate left quarters of the mammary gland Palpate left quarters of the mammary gland –Heat –Hardness (swelling) –Edema –Teat lesions

18 Proceed to Right Side

19 Heart Sounds Right AV Valve Area Right AV Valve Area –3 rd to 5 th Intercostal Space Murmurs? Murmurs?

20 Respiratory System Mirror Image of Left Thorax Mirror Image of Left Thorax –Crackles –Wheezes –No sounds –Emphysema

21 Peripheral Lymph Nodes Prescapular Prescapular Prefemoral Prefemoral Supramammary Supramammary Parotid Parotid Submandibular Submandibular

22 Superficial Veins Jugular Jugular –Pulses? –Distension Caudal Superficial Epigastric Caudal Superficial Epigastric –Distension? –Swelling?

23 Abdominal Auscultation and Percussion Simultaneous Auscultation and Percussion Simultaneous Auscultation and Percussion –“Pinging” Entire Abdomen Entire Abdomen

24 Abdominal Auscultation and Percussion Simultaneous Auscultation and Percussion Simultaneous Auscultation and Percussion –“Pinging” Entire Abdomen Entire Abdomen

25 Right Limbs and Udder Swelling of the limbs? Swelling of the limbs? –Fore and Rear Palpate left quarters of the mammary gland Palpate left quarters of the mammary gland –Heat –Hardness (swelling) –Edema –Teat lesions

26 Collection of Milk California Mastitis Test California Mastitis Test –Relative concentration of somatic sells in the milk –2 ml Milk from each quarter –Add Reagent –Look for coagulation  Negative  Trace  1  2  3

27 Rectal Examination Reproductive Tract Female Female –Vaginal wall –Cervix –Uterine Body –Uterine Horns  Oviducts –Ovaries  Bursae –Internal iliac lymph nodes –Sublumbar lymph nodes Male Male –Intrapelvic penis –Prostate –Seminal vessicles –Ampullae –Internal inguinal rings –Internal iliac lymph nodes –Sublumbar lymph nodes

28 Rectal Examination Intra-abdominal Urinary System Intra-abdominal Urinary System –Left kidney –Ureters –Bladder

29 Rectal Examination Digestive System Digestive System –Right Cranial  Abomasum –Central  Small intestines –Left  Rumen –Dorsal sac

30 Vaginal Examination If indicated by the rectal examination or history If indicated by the rectal examination or history

31 Examination of the Head Eyes Eyes –Enophthalmus –Exophthalmus –Discharge –Corneal Opacity –Lenticular Opacity –Scleral Injection –Pupillary Light Response –Masses

32 Examination of the Head Nares Nares –Discharge  Unilateral/Bilateral –Plaques –Erosions –Hemorrhage/ Epistaxis –Flaring

33 Examination of the Head Oral Cavity Oral Cavity –Dentition –Erosions –Vesicles –Masses –Blunted Oral Papillae

34 Examination of the Head Cursory Cranial Nerve Examination Cursory Cranial Nerve Examination –1-8 Submandibular Region Submandibular Region –Lymph Nodes –Edema Brisket Brisket –Swelling –Edema

35 Questions?

36


Download ppt "Physical Examination of Cattle Douglas E. Hostetler DVM, MS."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google