3Unit 6: Russian Revolution and 1920s What will we learn today? Communism as opposed to capitalismHow the Russian Revolution affected WWIDisillusionment and the void filled by dictatorsCauses and consequences of the Russian RevolutionTrace Stalin’s rise to power and analyze his regimeThe rise, aggression, and human costs of totalitarian regimes.Reflect on the rock paper scissor game. What usually happened? Was the communist system more fair? Explain.
5ObjectivesDescribe the autocratic methods of Alexander III and the economic changes under Nicholas II.• Explain the crises that paved the way for the March Revolution and the end of czarist rule.• Summarize the Bolshevik Revolution and its outcome.• Explain Lenin’s reforms and Stalin’s rise.
6Essential QuestionHow did the events of the Russian Revolution both help and hurt Russia?
7The Big IdeaLong-term social unrest in Russia exploded in revolution, and ushered in the first Communist government.
8Revolution Nicholas soon lost control. Strikes, revolts and protests led to the March Revolution of 1917.
9THE MARCH REVOLUTIONWomen who worked in factories in Petrograd (St. Petersburg) stood in line after a 12 hour shift to purchase insanely priced bread.10,000 women marched with the slogan “Peace and Bread”The women were joined by other workers creating a general strike.Czar’s solution was to fire upon the crowds but the soldiers joined the movement instead!
10Czar Abdicates 1917- Czar Nicholas is forced to abdicate his throne In prison in the Winter PalaceNo more servants to do their work
11A year after the Czar abdicated the entire royal family was murdered Execution of the Romanov’sA year after the Czar abdicatedthe entire royal family was murdered11
12Checking for Understanding He did not want to share power Why did the Czar get rid of the Duma?He did not want to share power
13Checking for Understanding He was able to ease Alexis’ symptoms. Why did the royal family put their trust in Rasputin?He was able to ease Alexis’ symptoms.
14Checking for Understanding What does abdicate mean?To give up the throne
15Rasputin SongThere lived a certain man in Russia long ago He was big and strong in his eyes a flaming glow Most people looked at him with terror and with fear But to Moscow chicks he was such a lovely dear He could preach the bible like a preacher, full of ecstasy and fire But he also was the kind of teacher women would desire Ra-Ra-Rasputin Lover of the Russian queen There was a cat that really was gone Ra-Ra-Rasputin Russia's greatest love machine It was a shame how he carried on He ruled the Russian land, and never mind the Czar But the Cossachok he danced really wunderbar All affairs of state, he was the man to please But he was real great when he had a girl to squeeze For the queen he was no wheeling-dealer, though she heard the things he'd done She believed he was a holy healer who would heal her son Ra-Ra-Rasputin Lover of the Russian queen There was a cat that really was gone Ra-Ra-Rasputin Russia's greatest love machine It was a shame how he carried on But when his drinking and lusting, and his hunger for power became known to more and more people, the demands to do something about this outrageous man became louder and louder... Hey, hey, hey, hey, hey, hey, hey, hey, hey, hey, hey, hey, hey, hey, hey, hey, hey, hey, hey, hey, hey, hey, hey, hey, Hey, hey, hey, hey, hey, hey, hey, hey. "This man's just gotta go," declared his enemies, But the ladies begged, "don't you try to do it, please!" No doubt this Rasputin had lots of hidden charms Though he was a brute they just fell into his arms Then one night some men of higher standing Set a trap, they're not to blame "Come to visit us," they kept demanding, and he really came. Ra-Ra-Rasputin Lover of the Russian queen They put some poison into his wine. Ra-Ra-Rasputin Russia's greatest love-machine He drank it all and said: "I feel fine." Ra-Ra-Rasputin Lover of the Russian queen They didn't quit, they wanted his head Ra-Ra-Rasputin Russia's greatest love machine And so they shot him till he was dead. Oh, those Russians!
17Year later revolutionaries executed Nicholas and his family March Revolution succeeded in bringing down the Czar yet it failed to set up a strong government to replace itThe family was awakened early on July 17th and taken to the basement.Initially told they were being taken for protection from gunshots being fired in the city – they were read an execution order.All eleven people were shot. Jewels hidden in their clothing protected the Grand Duchesses from bullets and they were also bayoneted.Accounts recently surfacing following the end of the Cold War indicate very a very brutal massacre.The bodies were taken by truck to the forest where they were first hidden in a mine shaft.Deciding this wouldn’t work they were exhumed the next day and buried in another grave that was not found until 1991.
18Czar Nicholas II lost his monarchy for the following reasons Involvement in WWICorruption of RasputinLack of political leadershipMarxist Revolutionaries
19Provisional Government Provisional government was established, headed by Alexander Kerensky.Continued fighting WWIBAD idea lost supportStay fighting in the war
20Angry Peasants Demanded land City workers grew more radical Soviets were formed local city councils consisting of workers, peasants, and soldiersA political challenge erupted from local “Soviets”Later, this group became stronger and were labeled as “Bolsheviks.”
21Lenin Returns to Russia German military leaders shipped Lenin to Russia from Switzerland by rail to “create disorder” within Russia.Germany arranged Lenin’s return to Russia after many years in exileApril 1917: Traveled in a sealed railroad boxcar
22BOLSHEVIKS REFLECT THE PEOPLES’ NEEDS AND DISCONTENT Lenin revitalized slogans from the mad mother’s march to influence Russians“Peace, Land, Bread”Nov armed workers took control of government offices.Kerensky’s reign had ended.
23BOLSHEVIKS SEIZE POWER A COUP WITHOUT BLOODSHED - Lenin takes over the provisional government at the Winter Palace in St. Petersburg onNovember 6, 1917.Bolsheviks renamed themselves the Communists after Marxist ideas.Lenin had promised peace so he signed the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk which took Russia out of WWICheka (secret police)- used terror tactics against enemies of Bolshevism
24Lenin hoped that the Russian Revolution of 1917 would incite similar socialist rebellions throughout Europe
26CIVIL WAR: VS Red White 1918 to 1921 Red army was associated with Bolshevik, communism and pro-LeninWhite army was associated with Anti-communism, loyal Czarists, and anti-Lenin form of Socialism1918 to 1921
27Checking for Understanding What did the provisional government want to continue that was very unpopular?World War I
28Checking for Understanding Who sent Lenin back to Russia?Germany
29Checking for Understanding Why did they send him back?They knew he’d try to get Russia out of the war.
30Checking for Understanding Why did Czar Nicolas II lose his monarchy?
31Civil War EndsThe fighting and famine that followed killed 15 million RussiansLenin’s Red Army won1921 Lenin launched a new plan to rebuild the Russian economy called the New Economic PolicyAllowed some private ownershipChanged the government to the Soviet UnionBy late1920s economy was back up