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Paper Clip Game Capitalist Version.

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Presentation on theme: "Paper Clip Game Capitalist Version."— Presentation transcript:

1 Paper Clip Game Capitalist Version

2 Paper Clip Game Communist Version

3 Unit 6: Russian Revolution and 1920s
What will we learn today? Communism as opposed to capitalism How the Russian Revolution affected WWI Disillusionment and the void filled by dictators Causes and consequences of the Russian Revolution Trace Stalin’s rise to power and analyze his regime The rise, aggression, and human costs of totalitarian regimes. Reflect on the rock paper scissor game. What usually happened? Was the communist system more fair? Explain.

4 Assignment: 14.1 Revolutions in Russia

5 Objectives Describe the autocratic methods of Alexander III and the economic changes under Nicholas II. • Explain the crises that paved the way for the March Revolution and the end of czarist rule. • Summarize the Bolshevik Revolution and its outcome. • Explain Lenin’s reforms and Stalin’s rise.

6 Essential Question How did the events of the Russian Revolution both help and hurt Russia?

7 The Big Idea Long-term social unrest in Russia exploded in revolution, and ushered in the first Communist government.

8 Revolution Nicholas soon lost control.
Strikes, revolts and protests led to the March Revolution of 1917.

9 THE MARCH REVOLUTION Women who worked in factories in Petrograd (St. Petersburg) stood in line after a 12 hour shift to purchase insanely priced bread. 10,000 women marched with the slogan “Peace and Bread” The women were joined by other workers creating a general strike. Czar’s solution was to fire upon the crowds but the soldiers joined the movement instead!

10 Czar Abdicates 1917- Czar Nicholas is forced to abdicate his throne
In prison in the Winter Palace No more servants to do their work

11 A year after the Czar abdicated the entire royal family was murdered
Execution of the Romanov’s A year after the Czar abdicated the entire royal family was murdered 11

12 Checking for Understanding He did not want to share power
Why did the Czar get rid of the Duma? He did not want to share power

13 Checking for Understanding He was able to ease Alexis’ symptoms.
Why did the royal family put their trust in Rasputin? He was able to ease Alexis’ symptoms.

14 Checking for Understanding
What does abdicate mean? To give up the throne

15 Rasputin Song There lived a certain man in Russia long ago He was big and strong in his eyes a flaming glow Most people looked at him with terror and with fear But to Moscow chicks he was such a lovely dear He could preach the bible like a preacher, full of ecstasy and fire But he also was the kind of teacher women would desire Ra-Ra-Rasputin Lover of the Russian queen There was a cat that really was gone Ra-Ra-Rasputin Russia's greatest love machine It was a shame how he carried on He ruled the Russian land, and never mind the Czar But the Cossachok he danced really wunderbar All affairs of state, he was the man to please But he was real great when he had a girl to squeeze For the queen he was no wheeling-dealer, though she heard the things he'd done She believed he was a holy healer who would heal her son Ra-Ra-Rasputin Lover of the Russian queen There was a cat that really was gone Ra-Ra-Rasputin Russia's greatest love machine It was a shame how he carried on But when his drinking and lusting, and his hunger for power became known to more and more people, the demands to do something about this outrageous man became louder and louder... Hey, hey, hey, hey, hey, hey, hey, hey, hey, hey, hey, hey, hey, hey, hey, hey, hey, hey, hey, hey, hey, hey, hey, hey, Hey, hey, hey, hey, hey, hey, hey, hey. "This man's just gotta go," declared his enemies, But the ladies begged, "don't you try to do it, please!" No doubt this Rasputin had lots of hidden charms Though he was a brute they just fell into his arms Then one night some men of higher standing Set a trap, they're not to blame "Come to visit us," they kept demanding, and he really came. Ra-Ra-Rasputin Lover of the Russian queen They put some poison into his wine. Ra-Ra-Rasputin Russia's greatest love-machine He drank it all and said: "I feel fine." Ra-Ra-Rasputin Lover of the Russian queen They didn't quit, they wanted his head Ra-Ra-Rasputin Russia's greatest love machine And so they shot him till he was dead. Oh, those Russians!

16 Assignment 2: 14.1 Continued

17 Year later revolutionaries executed Nicholas and his family
March Revolution succeeded in bringing down the Czar yet it failed to set up a strong government to replace it The family was awakened early on July 17th and taken to the basement. Initially told they were being taken for protection from gunshots being fired in the city – they were read an execution order. All eleven people were shot. Jewels hidden in their clothing protected the Grand Duchesses from bullets and they were also bayoneted. Accounts recently surfacing following the end of the Cold War indicate very a very brutal massacre. The bodies were taken by truck to the forest where they were first hidden in a mine shaft. Deciding this wouldn’t work they were exhumed the next day and buried in another grave that was not found until 1991.

18 Czar Nicholas II lost his monarchy for the following reasons
Involvement in WWI Corruption of Rasputin Lack of political leadership Marxist Revolutionaries

19 Provisional Government
Provisional government was established, headed by Alexander Kerensky. Continued fighting WWI BAD idea lost support Stay fighting in the war

20 Angry Peasants Demanded land City workers grew more radical
Soviets were formed local city councils consisting of workers, peasants, and soldiers A political challenge erupted from local “Soviets” Later, this group became stronger and were labeled as “Bolsheviks.”

21 Lenin Returns to Russia
German military leaders shipped Lenin to Russia from Switzerland by rail to “create disorder” within Russia. Germany arranged Lenin’s return to Russia after many years in exile April 1917: Traveled in a sealed railroad boxcar

Lenin revitalized slogans from the mad mother’s march to influence Russians “Peace, Land, Bread” Nov armed workers took control of government offices. Kerensky’s reign had ended .

A COUP WITHOUT BLOODSHED - Lenin takes over the provisional government at the Winter Palace in St. Petersburg on November 6, 1917. Bolsheviks renamed themselves the Communists after Marxist ideas. Lenin had promised peace so he signed the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk which took Russia out of WWI Cheka (secret police)- used terror tactics against enemies of Bolshevism

24 Lenin hoped that the Russian Revolution of 1917 would incite similar socialist rebellions throughout Europe


26 CIVIL WAR: VS Red White 1918 to 1921
Red army was associated with Bolshevik, communism and pro-Lenin White army was associated with Anti-communism, loyal Czarists, and anti-Lenin form of Socialism 1918 to 1921

27 Checking for Understanding
What did the provisional government want to continue that was very unpopular? World War I

28 Checking for Understanding
Who sent Lenin back to Russia? Germany

29 Checking for Understanding
Why did they send him back? They knew he’d try to get Russia out of the war.

30 Checking for Understanding
Why did Czar Nicolas II lose his monarchy?

31 Civil War Ends The fighting and famine that followed killed 15 million Russians Lenin’s Red Army won 1921 Lenin launched a new plan to rebuild the Russian economy called the New Economic Policy Allowed some private ownership Changed the government to the Soviet Union By late1920s economy was back up

32 32

33 Old Flag of Russia

34 Star: Communist Party Hammer: Workers Sickle: Peasants New Soviet Flag

35 Current flag of Russia

36 Checking for Understanding
What was Lenin’s plan for the economy called? New Economic Policy

37 Checking for Understanding It used capitalist ideas
What was odd about the plan? It used capitalist ideas

38 Checking for Understanding The Red Army (Bolshiviks)
Who won the Russia Civil War? The Red Army (Bolshiviks)

39 Checking for Understanding He hoped it would spread throughout Europe.
What was Lenin’s view of Communism spreading? He hoped it would spread throughout Europe.

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