Presentation on theme: "Paper Clip Game Capitalist Version Paper Clip Game Communist Version."— Presentation transcript:
Paper Clip Game Capitalist Version
Paper Clip Game Communist Version
3 What will we learn today? What will we learn today? Communism as opposed to capitalism How the Russian Revolution affected WWI Disillusionment and the void filled by dictators Causes and consequences of the Russian Revolution Trace Stalin’s rise to power and analyze his regime The rise, aggression, and human costs of totalitarian regimes. Reflect on the rock paper scissor game. What usually happened? Was the communist system more fair? Explain.
Describe the autocratic methods of Alexander III and the economic changes under Nicholas II. Explain the crises that paved the way for the March Revolution and the end of czarist rule. Summarize the Bolshevik Revolution and its outcome. Explain Lenin’s reforms and Stalin’s rise.
How did the events of the Russian Revolution both help and hurt Russia?How did the events of the Russian Revolution both help and hurt Russia?
Long-term social unrest in Russia exploded in revolution, and ushered in the first Communist government.Long-term social unrest in Russia exploded in revolution, and ushered in the first Communist government.
Nicholas soon lost control. Strikes, revolts and protests led to the March Revolution of 1917.
Women who worked in factories in Petrograd (St. Petersburg) stood in line after a 12 hour shift to purchase insanely priced bread. 10,000 women marched with the slogan “Peace and Bread” The women were joined by other workers creating a general strike. Czar’s solution was to fire upon the crowds but the soldiers joined the movement instead!
1917- Czar Nicholas is forced to abdicate his throne In prison in the Winter Palace No more servants to do their work
Why did the Czar get rid of the Duma? He did not want to share power
Why did the royal family put their trust in Rasputin? He was able to ease Alexis’ symptoms.
What does abdicate mean? To give up the throne
Rasputin Song There lived a certain man in Russia long ago He was big and strong in his eyes a flaming glow Most people looked at him with terror and with fear But to Moscow chicks he was such a lovely dear He could preach the bible like a preacher, full of ecstasy and fire But he also was the kind of teacher women would desire Ra-Ra-Rasputin Lover of the Russian queen There was a cat that really was gone Ra-Ra-Rasputin Russia's greatest love machine It was a shame how he carried on He ruled the Russian land, and never mind the Czar But the Cossachok he danced really wunderbar All affairs of state, he was the man to please But he was real great when he had a girl to squeeze For the queen he was no wheeling-dealer, though she heard the things he'd done She believed he was a holy healer who would heal her son Ra-Ra-Rasputin Lover of the Russian queen There was a cat that really was gone Ra-Ra-Rasputin Russia's greatest love machine It was a shame how he carried on But when his drinking and lusting, and his hunger for power became known to more and more people, the demands to do something about this outrageous man became louder and louder... Hey, hey, hey, hey, hey, hey, hey, hey, hey, hey, hey, hey, hey, hey, hey, hey, hey, hey, hey, hey, hey, hey, hey, hey, Hey, hey, hey, hey, hey, hey, hey, hey. "This man's just gotta go," declared his enemies, But the ladies begged, "don't you try to do it, please!" No doubt this Rasputin had lots of hidden charms Though he was a brute they just fell into his arms Then one night some men of higher standing Set a trap, they're not to blame "Come to visit us," they kept demanding, and he really came. Ra-Ra-Rasputin Lover of the Russian queen They put some poison into his wine. Ra-Ra-Rasputin Russia's greatest love-machine He drank it all and said: "I feel fine." Ra-Ra-Rasputin Lover of the Russian queen They didn't quit, they wanted his head Ra-Ra-Rasputin Russia's greatest love machine And so they shot him till he was dead. Oh, those Russians!
Year later revolutionaries executed Nicholas and his family March Revolution succeeded in bringing down the Czar yet it failed to set up a strong government to replace it
Involvement in WWI Corruption of Rasputin Lack of political leadership Marxist Revolutionaries
Provisional government was established, headed by Alexander Kerensky. –Continued fighting WWI –BAD idea lost support Stay fighting in the war
Demanded land City workers grew more radical Soviets were formed local city councils consisting of workers, peasants, and soldiers A political challenge erupted from local “Soviets” Later, this group became stronger and were labeled as “Bolsheviks.”
German military leaders shipped Lenin to Russia from Switzerland by rail to “create disorder” within Russia. Germany arranged Lenin’s return to Russia after many years in exile –April 1917: Traveled in a sealed railroad boxcar
Lenin revitalized slogans from the mad mother’s march to influence Russians “Peace, Land, Bread” Nov armed workers took control of government offices. Kerensky’s reign had ended.
A COUP WITHOUT BLOODSHED - Lenin takes over the provisional government at the Winter Palace in St. Petersburg on November 6, Bolsheviks renamed themselves the Communists after Marxist ideas. Lenin had promised peace so he signed the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk which took Russia out of WWI Cheka (secret police)- used terror tactics against enemies of Bolshevism
Lenin hoped that the Russian Revolution of 1917 would incite similar socialist rebellions throughout Europe
CIVIL WAR: VS Red army was associated with Bolshevik, communism and pro-Lenin Red army was associated with Bolshevik, communism and pro-Lenin White army was associated with Anti- communism, loyal Czarists, and anti- Lenin form of Socialism White army was associated with Anti- communism, loyal Czarists, and anti- Lenin form of Socialism 1918 to 1921
What did the provisional government want to continue that was very unpopular? World War I
Who sent Lenin back to Russia? Germany
Why did they send him back? They knew he’d try to get Russia out of the war.
Why did Czar Nicolas II lose his monarchy?
The fighting and famine that followed killed 15 million Russians Lenin’s Red Army won 1921 Lenin launched a new plan to rebuild the Russian economy called the New Economic Policy –Allowed some private ownership Changed the government to the Soviet Union By late1920s economy was back up
Hammer: Workers Sickle: Peasants Star: Communist Party
What was Lenin’s plan for the economy called? New Economic Policy
What was odd about the plan? It used capitalist ideas
Who won the Russia Civil War? The Red Army (Bolshiviks)
What was Lenin’s view of Communism spreading? He hoped it would spread throughout Europe.