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MOBILE BROADBAND POLICY IN INDONESIA: IMPLEMENTATION CHALLENGES Ministry of Communication and Information Technology (Kominfo) Republic of Indonesia Broadband.

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Presentation on theme: "MOBILE BROADBAND POLICY IN INDONESIA: IMPLEMENTATION CHALLENGES Ministry of Communication and Information Technology (Kominfo) Republic of Indonesia Broadband."— Presentation transcript:

1 MOBILE BROADBAND POLICY IN INDONESIA: IMPLEMENTATION CHALLENGES Ministry of Communication and Information Technology (Kominfo) Republic of Indonesia Broadband Workshop Pretoria, South Africa, November 2013

2 Outline  Indonesia ICT Statistics  National Broadband Plan  Target and action plan  Implementation: Spectrum refarming  Cases of 2100 MHz, 700 MHz and 1800 MHz  National Submarine Backbone Project  Conclusions 2

3 Indonesia: A Brief Overview 3 Telephone lines per 100 inhabitants Mobile subscribers per 100 inhabitants Percentage of individuals using Internet Fixe-wired broadband subs. per 100 inhabitants Percentage of household with computer Population (millions) Surface Area (thousand km2) 1,904.51,221.0 GDP (PPP) per capita (USD) 5,18211,525 Human Development Index (HDI) GDP growth (annual %) INDONESIA SOUTH AFRICA Source: ITU statistics (2012) & Wikipedia Population is unevenly distributed, 55% of population lives in Java island (7% of total area).

4 ServicesUnit * 1. Telephone Fixed Line Unit 8,703,2188,423,9738,429,180 Mobile Line Unit 32,009,688190,062,615200,636,587222,853,663 Total Line Unit 40,712,906198,486,588209,065,767307,145,463 Teledensity Per 100 inhabitants 18,8286,0689, Internet Subscriber Person 1.087,4282,000,0002,700,0007,000,000 User Person 11,226,14330,000,00045,000,000130,000, Broadband Subscriber Person 84,9004,520,0007,290,00017,000,000 *) Prediction Source: Mastel, Kominfo dan Bappenas 4 Indonesia will depend on mobile broadband Indonesia ICT Statistics

5 MOBILE BROADBAND COVERAGE (90% BROADBAND) Source: MCIT (Kominfo) Statistics

6 Infrastructure Fixed broadband : 15% households (1Mbps), 30% buildings (100 Mbps), and 5% population; Mobile broadband : 12% population (512 kbps) Infrastructure (minimum) Fixed broadband : 40-75% households (2Mbps), 50%-80% buildings (1 Gbps), dan 25% population; Mobile broadband : 75% population (1 Mbps) 2017 Utilization / Adoption Priority: e-Government; e-learning; e-health; e-logistics, e-procurement NATIONAL BROADBAND PLAN: TARGET

7 Implementation Strategy 7 REGULATIONINFRASTRUCTUREPOLICY  Transitional regulation (short-term)  Market review and analysis – competition, license, tariffs etc.  Regulation on spectrum and backbone  Improving broadband access  Development of backbone, core network dan internasional link  Reduce the dependency on international link.  USO / ICT Fund for ecosystem development  Broadband Plan Review (strategy, target, goals, stakeholders etc.) STRATEGY  Market driven  Community involvement & ownership  Universal access  Affordability  Leadership Principles:

8 Target and Action Plan (Capacity) Speed Fixed H ouseld 1 Mbps 2 Mbps Building100 Mbps200 Mbps 500 Mbps800 Gbps1 Gbps Mobile512 kbps 1 Mbps Ministry of Kominfo Regulation on standards and quality of broadband Ministry of Finance Incentive and capital Telecom Operators To provide networks and quality of services Local government To provide right of way (ROW) Community Quality monitoring Vendor To provide devices and systems Fixed and Mobile Target Source: Indonesia Broadband Plan (2013) 8

9 Fixed45%55%75%85%100% Mobile Broadband 70%80%90%100% Ministry of Kominfo To create regulation for broadband dissemination To encourage operators to expand networks Ministry of Finance Incentive and capital Operator To provide networks Local government To provide right of way (RoW) People -Captive market -Supervisory of Quality of Service -Captive market -Supervisory of Quality of Service -Captive market -Supervisory of Quality of Service -Captive market -Supervisory of Quality of Service -Captive market -Supervisory of Quality of Service Vendor To provide devices and systems Access Target Target and Action Plan (Coverage) Source: Indonesia Broadband Plan (2013) 9

10 Fixed40%50%75%85% 100% (517 district or municipalities) City or regency connected to backbone 75%80%100% Ministry of Kominfo To create regulation for broadband dissemination To encourage operators to develop backbone network to regency level To regulate tariff which encourages community to use broadband services To encourage operator to expand backbone coverage To ensure all city and regencies accessed by optical backbone Ministry of Finance Incentive and capital Operator To provide networks Local government To provide right of way (RoW) People -Captive market -To allow right of way (RoW) and land acquisition/ usages -Captive market -To allow right of way (RoW) and land acquisition/ usages -Captive market -To allow right of way (RoW) and land acquisition/ usages -Captive market -To allow right of way (RoW) and land acquisition/ usages -Captive market -To allow right of way (RoW) and land acquisition/ usages Vendor To provide devices and systems Target and Action Plan (Backbone Access) Backbone Target (City and Regency) Source: Indonesia Broadband Plan (2013) 10

11 11 Implementation Strategy through Spectrum Policy

12 Mobile Broadband: Spectrum Issues  Traffic is growing exponentially (Ipad, Iphone, tablet, android, etc.)  Demand of mobile broadband spectrum:  ITU-R Report M.2078, the world would require 1,280 – 1,700 MHz bandwidth in year 2020  Some countries prioritized to acquire more bandwidth  Band < 1 GHz (best for capacity and coverage)  Band > 1 GHz (best for main business or economic development areas), including WiFi off-loading 12

13 Mobile Broadband: Business Issues  The growth of data has increased rapidly but the voice declined.  Cellular operators around the world has experienced the decrease of revenue growth.  Scissore Effct Scissor Effect  Flexibility of License become a key issue (time to market, regulatory cost): Spectrum Sharing, MVNO, flexible use of spectrum. 13

14 Current IMT-Band in Indonesia (Existing and Future Potential) BandBandwidthCurrent Use 450 – 470 MHz2 x 7.5 MHzMobile Cellular (CDMA) 694 – 820 MHz2 x 45 MHz Analog TV (Potential of Digital Dividend LTE 700 MHz) 825 – 845 dan 870 – 890 MHz 2 x 20 MHzFWA and Mobile Cellular (CDMA) 890 – 915 dan 935 – 960 MHz 2 x 25 MHzMobile Cellular (GSM) 1710 – 1785 dan 1805 – 1880 MHz 2 x 75 MHzMobile Cellular (GSM) – 1910 dan – 1990 MHz 2 x MHzMobile Cellular (PCS-1900/CDMA) 1920 – 1980 dan 2110 – 2170 MHz 2 x 60 MHzMobile Cellular (UMTS) 2300 – 2390 MHz90 MHz Broadband Wireless Access – 2390 MHz licensed issued for 15 Regional Zones (Wimax / LTE TDD) 2500 – 2690 MHz 2 x 15 MHzBWA (TDD) 150 MHz 2520 – 2670 MHz is currently used by Broadcasting Satellite Services 14 Total = MHz

15 Spectrum refarming: Case of Indonesia Service level: - refarming process Fixed Mobile Applications level: P-P links PMP links PMRCellular Technical level (1) : 2G3G 12.5 kHz25 kHzDigitalAnalogue Freq BFreq A Technical level (2) : Change of allocation plan Change of band plan Change of channelling plan 15 Current PMR 400 MHz (analog to digital) Future 800 MHz rearrangement Current 2100 MHz Current BWA 2300 MHz

16 Spectrum Refarming Strategy  Short-term: Refarming 450 MHz, 850 MHz, 900 MHz, 1800 MHz, 2.1 GHz dan 2.3 GHz.  Mid-term: Digital Dividend 700 MHz, extended 850 MHz (Trunking Band), 2.6 GHz, 3.5 GHz, and other bands identified by ITU IMT band  Unlicensed (Class Licensed) Band : 2.4 GHz, 5.1 GHz, 5.8 GHz, 26 GHz, 60 GHz, for traffic off-loading. 16 Criteria: government direction, priority, refarming complexity, business need and international regulation. To reach the targets of national broadband plan:

17 1920MHz (UL) 1980 MHz (DL) HCPT Axis Tsel Isat XL Blank New (Tsel) New (XL) Objectives: Contiguous band and level of competition Benefits: optimal uses of bandwidth with less guard band, lower number of base tranceiver station (BTS). Implementation: 2013 (completed within 6 months), except merger between two operators. Short-term Strategy: 2100 MHz Rearrangement Isat 1920MHz (UL) 1980 MHz (UL) Isat HCPT Tsel XL Blank Axis HCPT 2 6 Axis Isat 7 Tsel XL Axis 1 merger 2110 MHz (DL)2170 MHz (DL) 2110 MHz (DL) 2170 MHz (DL) before after

18 MHz Analog TV Free To Air (FTA) MHz 328 MHz 112 MHz DIGITALIZATION OF BROADCASTING PROCESS TV ANALOG Digital Terestrial TV Free To Air (FTA) Future DTV DIGITAL DIVIDEND MHz TV DIGITAL ERA LTE 700 MHz is beneficial to accelerate Broadband particularly in rural areas with the existing BTS It can be implemented after the completion of digital switchover end of 2017 Mid-term Strategy: Digital Dividend 700 MHz Analog Switch-Off (ASO), 1 Jan 2018

19 Mid-Term Strategy: Refarming GSM 1800 MHz UPLINK DOWNLINK Evolution: GSM/EDGE, UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, LTE LTE is most effective if the Bandwidth is more than 20 MHz 19 Best spectrum for LTE in terms of coverage and ecosystem, the most bands owned by operators are not contiguous. Complexity is high as 70% of handset is GSM 2G.

20 20 National Backbone Project Total undersea cables 35,280 km; Total underground cables 21,807 km First stage: Total installation> 10,000 km; Total cost: USD 300 millions

21 Conclusions  Indonesia has developed national broadband plan but strong commitment and collaboration are needed for the successful implementation.  From year 2013 to 2017, the target for national broadband infrastructure has been set which include strategy, coverage, capacity, and the roles of stakeholders.  In terms of implementation, broadband infrastructure development in Indonesia has currently focused on spectrum refarming of mobile broadband to reach targeted coverage and capacity.  To meet the growing demand of spectrum, government should identify candidate bands for mobile broadband and find the best spectrum policy and strategy to acquire and to refarm the band. 21

22 Nyoman Adhiarna Ministry of ICT, Indonesia Phone: +62 (21)


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