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Vigyan Ashram, Pabal

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A simple machine is a mechanical device that changes the direction or magnitude of a force. All big complicated machines are based on the combination of these simple machines. To increase the efficiency of our work, we need to reduce friction. We will also learn about friction and lubrication in this lesson.

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We can put force or pressure with hands at a single spot at a time. But with the help of machine we can put pressure or force at different spots at the same time. Please look at a video in the link given below demonstrating a scissor which explains above principle Please click here for videoclick here

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Bicycle Brake is an example of simple machine With hand, we pull lever by applying some force and the brake cable pulls the brake pad on rim and thus brakes are applied as shown in figure (A) Brake lever operated (B) Brakes are Applied

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Thus the power is transferred from one spot to another easily with the help of machine.

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By changing, place of application of the force, we can increase or decrease the force required We cannot reduce energy required to do the job but we can reduce the force required If more force is applied, we can do the work in smaller time. If force is less then we will need more time to do same amount of work.

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work force x distance Power = ------------- = ----------------------- = force x speed. Time time Power = force X speed Work = force x distance

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