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Top Ten Health and Safety Standards/Topics Nov. 2003 – Jan 2004.

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Presentation on theme: "Top Ten Health and Safety Standards/Topics Nov. 2003 – Jan 2004."— Presentation transcript:

1 Top Ten Health and Safety Standards/Topics Nov – Jan 2004

2 Top Ten Health – General Industry  Bloodborne Pathogens – 368 questions  Indoor Air Quality – 224  Hazard Communication – 218  Air Contaminants – ( ) – 139  Ergonomics – 136  Respiratory Protection ( ) – 121  Noise ( ) – 59  Hazwoper ( ) – 53  Asbestos ( ) – 35  Access to Medical/Exposure Records - 21

3 Rank by Call Subject  To reduce volume of information we determined it would be best to provide this information in a broad spectrum.  Provided are the generality of questions asked and the applicable resource provided to the caller.

4 #1 and #3– Indoor Air Quality  163 questions – What are the requirements for indoor air temperatures?  43 questions – What are the requirements for indoor exposure to environmental tobacco smoke? Interpretation letter 2/24/03 – Reiteration of Existing OSHA Policy on Indoor Air Quality: Office Temperature/Humidity and Environmental Tobacco Smoke

5 #2 - Ergonomics  51 questions – What is the maximum weight that an employee can manually lift? One maximum weight limit is not set because of other factors; i.e., repetition, lifting distance, bending, twisting, duration of operation.

6 #4 – Bloodborne Pathogens  41 questions – When is an employer covered by the bloodborne pathogens standard (e.g., plumbers, janitors, housekeepers)? Paragraphs (a) & (b) of Section XIII, A & B of CPL Common interpretation letters that may be utilized include:  2/1/93 – Most frequently asked questions concerning the bloodborne pathogens standard (portion on scope).

7 #5 – Bloodborne Pathogens  37 questions – What are the requirements for hepatitis B vaccinations (e.g., Do all employees have to be vaccinated)? Paragraphs (f)(1) & (f)(2) of Section XIII, F of CPL Common interpretations that may be utilized include:  Interpretation letter 2/1/93 – most frequently asked questions concerning the bloodborne pathogens standard. (portion on Hepatitis B Vaccination)

8 #6 – Respiratory Protection  34 questions – What are the requirements for medical evaluations (e.g. Who can evaluate medical questionnaires besides physicians?) Paragraph © of Section VII, F of CPL Questions and Answer Section of Small Entity Compliance Guide for Respiratory Protection (Portion on Medical Evaluation)

9 #7 – Hazard Communication  32 questions – When is an employer covered by the hazard communication standard (e.g,Which chemicals need MSDSs?) Paragraphs (a),(b)&© of of ; Appendix A (definitions) Section XI, A & B of CPL

10 #8 –Hazard Communication  31 questions - What are the requirements for MSDS accessibility (e.g., Can MSDSs be maintained electronically?) Paragraph (g)(8) of Section XI, E of CPL

11 #9 – Bloodborne Pathogens  30 questions - What are the requirements for post-exposure evaluation and follow- up (e.g., Can the source individual be forced to provide blood?) Paragraphs (f)(1) & (f)(3) of Section XIII, F of CPL Common interpretation letters that may be utilized include:  1) Interpretation letter 2/1/93 – “Most frequently asked questions concerning bloodborne pathogens standard.” (portion on post-exposure follow-up)

12 #10 – Bloodborne Pathogens  28 questions – What are the requirements for bloodborne pathogen training (do employees have to receive training for hepatitis C)? Paragraph (g)(2) of Section XIII, G of CPL Common interpretation letters that may be utilized include:  1) Interpretation letter 2/1/93 Most frequently asked questions concerning bloodborne pathogens standard.” (portion on Communication of Hazards to Employees)

13 Top 10 General Industry Safety Standards/Topics  Powered Industrial Trucks – 180  Sanitation ( ) – 165  Medical and First Aid ( ) – 134  General Requirements for Personal Protective Equipment ( ) – 76  Guarding Floor and Wall Openings ( ) - 50

14 Top 10 General Industry Safety Standards/Topics  Permit-Required Confined Spaces ( ) – 39  General Requirements for Electrical ( ) – 35  General Requirements for All Machine Guarding ( ) – 30  Lockout/Tagout ( ) – 29  Flammable and Combustible Liquids ( ) - 26

15 #1 – Powered Industrial Trucks  95 questions - What are the requirements for powered industrial truck training (i.e., how often does a company have to evaluate their forklift operators?) Paragraph (1) of CPL Common interpretation letters –  4/10/00 – “Competency of powered industrial truck trainers; training must be truck and spite specific  10/8/99 – “Powered industrial truck training for employees working at another employer’s worksite”  4/6/99 – “Host employers must assure forklift operators that visiting employers are trained.”  10/29/99 – “Host employers may require site- specific forklift training of visiting workers.”

16 #2 – Sanitation  53 questions - What are the requirements for access to toilet facilities (e.g., Can employers institute restrictions on restroom breaks? Paragraph © of Common interpretation letters:  4/23/03 – “Reasonable access to toilet facilities; citation analysis for failure to allow access to toilet facilities”  4/6/98 – “Interpretation of : Toilet facilities”  7/5/83 – “Reasonable judgment is needed in evaluating the proximity of required sanitary facilities”

17 #3 – Medical and First Aid  52 questions - What are the requirements for first aid kits (i.e., What has to be in a first aid kit and does every workplace have to have one)? Paragraph (b) of Appendix A (First Aid Kits) Common interpretation letters:  4/18/02 – “Clarification of (medical services and first aid”  7/2/91 – “Standard for medical services and first aid”

18 #4 – General Personal Protective Equipment  42 questions - What are the requirements for selecting general PPE (e.g., Do workers in a warehouse have to wear steel-toed boots)? Paragraph (d) of STD

19 #5 – Medical and First Aid  41 questions – What are the requirements for the design/location of eyewashes and body washes (e.g., what is the required flow rate for an eyewash)? Paragraph © of Common interpretation letters:  4/18/02 - “ANSI Z358.1 “Guidance for complying with © citation policy for eyewashes and showers”  11/1/02 – “Additional clarification of using ANSI Z358.1 in complying with ”

20 #6 - Sanitation  31 questions – What are the requirements for access to potable water (e.g., can employers institute restrictions on access to drinking water)? Paragraph (b)(1) of

21 #7 – Medical and First Aid  28 questions - What are the requirements for training employees in First Aid/CPR (e.g., how many employees need to be trained in first aid)? Paragraph (b) of CPL Common interpretations:  4/18/02 – “Clarification of ”  12/11/96 – “Interpretation of First Aid Standard”

22 #8 - Sanitation  17 questions – What are the requirements for the number and design of toilet facilities that must be provided (e.g., can an employer provide one lockable unisex toilet)? Paragraphs (a)(2) & © of

23 #9 – Permit-Required Confined Spaces  14 questions – What are the requirements for permit-required confined space training (e.g., what do attendants have to be trained on)? Paragraphs (g)(h)(i) & (j) of

24 #10 – Powered Industrial Trucks  13 questions –What are the requirements for modifying powered industrial trucks (e.g., what does an employer have to do to be able to modify a fork lift)? Paragraph (a)(4) of Common interpretations:\  4/11/97 – “Powered industrial truck modification and approval”  7/3/02 – “Powered industrial truck addition/modification approval and marking requirements”  10/22/99 – “Forklifts: free rigging requires manufacturer approval”

25 Top 3 Construction Health Standards/Topics  Only three  Asbestos – – 38  Lead – – 12  Benzene –

26 Top 10 Construction Safety Standards/Topics  Duty to have fall protection – – 22  Fall Protection Systems Criteria and Practices – – 17  Cranes and Derricks –  General Requirements for Scaffolding – – 17  Specific Excavation Requirements –

27 Top 10 Construction Safety Standards/Topics  Sanitation – – 9  Material Handling Equipment – – 8  Training Requirements for Scaffolding – – 6  Scope, Application, and Definitions for Excavation – – 6  Electrical – Wiring Methods, Components, and Equipment for General Use - 5

28 #1- Sanitation  8 questions – What are the requirements for toilets at construction sites (e.g., how many toilets must be provided by the employer)? Paragraph © of Common interpretations letters:  6/7/02 – “Mobile crews must have prompt access to nearby toilet facilities”  4/19/93 – “Toilets are not required at construction jobsites if transportation is readily available to nearby facilities”

29 #2 – Duty to Have Fall Protection  8 questions – What are the requirements for fall protection for the roofing industry (e.g., what are the fall protection requirements for doing residential roofing work)? Paragraphs (b)(10), (b)(11), & (b)(13) of Sections XI and XII of STD Common Interpretations:  12/8/03 “Review residential construction scenarios for alternative fall protection procedures”  12/15/03 – “Fall protection requirements for construction workers doing work while on a roof”  2/23/99 – “Use of roof jacks (slide guards) for residential and commercial construction”  7/7/03 – “Requirements for fall protection when ladder jack scaffolds are used for residential and commercial construction”

30 #3 – Training Requirements for Scaffolding  5 questions – What are the requirements for training workers who do scaffolding (e.g., what are the training requirements for workers using an aerial lift)? All of Common interpretation letters:  2/23/00 – “Fall protection, training, inspection and design requirements of aerial lifts and scissor lifts/scaffold”  5/21/99 – “Training qualifications for the competent person inspecting scaffolds”

31 #4 – Duty to have Fall Protection  4 questions – When is fall protection required on a construction site (e.g., at what height do I need fall protection for an unprotected side)? Paragraph (b) of

32 #5 – Fall Protection Systems Criteria and Practices  3 questions – What are the requirements for anchorage points (e.g., how many pounds must the anchorage point be able to support)? Paragraph (d)(15) of Common interpretation letters:  6/8/98 – “Fall protection anchorage points: guardrail systems and cranes”  4/2/98 – “Scaffolds may serve as fall arrest anchorages”

33 #6 – General Requirements for Scaffolding  3 questions – At what height is fall protection required when working on a scaffold? Paragraph (g) of

34 #7 – Specific Excavation Requirements  3 questions – What are the requirements for shoring trenches (e.g., design for a shield system)? Paragraph © of Appendices A,C, & D to Common interpretation letter:  1/16/03 – “Registered professional engineer approval requirements for manufactured trench protective systems deeper than 20 feet”

35 #8 – Wiring Methods, Components, and Equipment for General Use  3 questions – What are the requirements for flexible extension cords (e.g., what are the required ratings/markings for extension cords)? Paragraph (g) of Common interpretation letters:  1/16/03 – “Acceptable uses of flexible temporary cords/cables on construction sites”  5/19/03 – “Repair requirements for the cord plug (attachment plug) of double insulated tools”  12/16/98 – “Using electrical tape to repair minor damage to the outer jacket of an extension cord”

36 #9 – Material Handling Equipment  2 questions – What are the requirements for training forklift operators (e.g., do operators have to be certified to operate rough terrain forklifts)? Paragraph (d) of (References (l) CPL Common interpretation letters:  “Earthmoving equipment is not covered by : skid-steer equipment may be covered”  9/30/99 – “Forklifts in construction: elevating personnel and operator training”

37 #10 – Cranes and Derricks  2 questions – What are the requirements for workers riding the load? Interpretation letter 7/7/76 – “Interpretation of riding the load or hook”

38 Maritime  Organic arsenic – – 2  Powered Industrial Trucks – – 2  Welding, Cutting and Heating in Way of Preservative Coatings – – 1  Scaffolds or Staging – – 1  Scope and Applicability – – 1  Non-sufficient data to develop FAQs


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