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1 WELCOME TO ALL LET US UNDERSTAND MORE ABOUT GURUKULA SYSTEM.

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1 1 WELCOME TO ALL LET US UNDERSTAND MORE ABOUT GURUKULA SYSTEM

2 2 GURUKULA SYSTEM By DR. S. NARAYANASAMY PROFESSOR DEPARTMENT OF GANDHIAN THOUGHT AND PEACE SCIENCE GANDHIGRAM RURAL INSTITUTE DEEMED UNIVERSITY GANDHIGRAM – MOB:

3 3 MAHATMA GANDHI AND GURUKULA “A Guru is one who guides us to righteousness by his own righteous conduct” – M.K. Gandhi Gopalakrishna Gokhale – A political Guru of Mahatma Gandhi Gopalakrishna Gokhale – A political Guru of Mahatma Gandhi Ramakrihna Paramahamsa – Spiritual guru to for Swami Vivekananda Ramakrihna Paramahamsa – Spiritual guru to for Swami Vivekananda Leo Tolstoy – Guru who taught bread labour Leo Tolstoy – Guru who taught bread labour Kasturiba – wife was like a guru who enriched Satyagraha and removed fear. Kasturiba – wife was like a guru who enriched Satyagraha and removed fear.

4 4 MAHATMA GANDHI AND GOKHALE – GURU AND DISCIPLE M.K. Gandhi received G.K. Gokhale at cape town, South Africa on 22 nd October M.K. Gandhi received G.K. Gokhale at cape town, South Africa on 22 nd October Gokhale – A political Guru, made Gandhi feel completely at home. Gokhale – A political Guru, made Gandhi feel completely at home. He treated him like a younger brother. He treated him like a younger brother. Gandhi got all he needed from Gokhale being Guru Gandhi got all he needed from Gokhale being Guru To see Gokhale at work was as much a joy as an education. To see Gokhale at work was as much a joy as an education. Gokhale never wasted a minute Gokhale never wasted a minute His private relations and friendship were all for public good. His private relations and friendship were all for public good. Gokhale used to say everyone, “You do the thing yourself. Let me do my own work”. What I want is freedom for my country. Gokhale used to say everyone, “You do the thing yourself. Let me do my own work”. What I want is freedom for my country.

5 5 According to University Grants Commission report dated 31 st March According to University Grants Commission report dated 31 st March There 493 Universities in India There 493 Universities in India [42 central, 256 state, 60 state private, 130 Deemed - to - be Universities, 5 institutions established under state legislation] [42 central, 256 state, 60 state private, 130 Deemed - to - be Universities, 5 institutions established under state legislation] More than 31,000 colleges in India. More than 31,000 colleges in India. 12 th five year plan – drafting recommendations are getting ready. 12 th five year plan – drafting recommendations are getting ready. 60% of the institutions in India have not come forward for accreditation by NAAC. – National Assessment and Accreditation Council 60% of the institutions in India have not come forward for accreditation by NAAC. – National Assessment and Accreditation Council GRI – Gandhigram – Five star 2005 – Re-accredited with ‘A’ grade during GRI – Gandhigram – Five star 2005 – Re-accredited with ‘A’ grade during UNIVERSITIES IN INDIA

6 6 GRI HIGHER EDUCATION Education means concentration as Swami Vivekananda said Education means concentration as Swami Vivekananda said By education, I mean drawing out the best from the body, mind and soul – M.K. Gandhi By education, I mean drawing out the best from the body, mind and soul – M.K. Gandhi Meditation helps for concentration Meditation helps for concentration Reading makeith a man –Bacon said Reading makeith a man –Bacon said Training makes a man – Nehru said Training makes a man – Nehru said Writing makes a full man. Writing makes a full man. Reading, writing – a tool for meditation Reading, writing – a tool for meditation GRI provides opportunity for reading, writing and training GRI provides opportunity for reading, writing and training Gurukula system supports for the entire process. Gurukula system supports for the entire process.

7 7 MESSAGE OF GRI GURUS ALL FORMER VICE-CHANCELLORS “ Gandhigram is a child of Gandhian “ Gandhigram is a child of Gandhian Revolution” -Dr. G. Ramachandran, Founder V.C, GRI Revolution” -Dr. G. Ramachandran, Founder V.C, GRI “Don’t be a part of problem; Be a part of “Don’t be a part of problem; Be a part of solution” - Dr. M. Aram, Former V.C, GRI solution” - Dr. M. Aram, Former V.C, GRI “University is like a Universe” “University is like a Universe” - Dr. Devendrakumar, Former V.C, GRI - Dr. Devendrakumar, Former V.C, GRI “Working with village people is a pleasure. Best brains are available in Gandhigram” “Working with village people is a pleasure. Best brains are available in Gandhigram” - D.K. Oza, Former V.C, GRI - D.K. Oza, Former V.C, GRI “We are marching towards computer age. Perhaps, Internet may be your Guru” – T.R. Natesan, Former V.C, GRI “We are marching towards computer age. Perhaps, Internet may be your Guru” – T.R. Natesan, Former V.C, GRI

8 8 “Village is a laboratory. Extension work is the backbone of University” -Dr, N. Markandan, Former V.C, GRI -Dr, N. Markandan, Former V.C, GRI “ Gandhigram is my Guru” - Dr. G. Pankajam, Former VC, GRI - Dr. G. Pankajam, Former VC, GRI “GRI is a guide, Philosopher and guru to the Government, NGOs and villagers” “GRI is a guide, Philosopher and guru to the Government, NGOs and villagers” -Dr. T. Karunakaran, Former V.C, GRI -Dr. T. Karunakaran, Former V.C, GRI “The visibility of Gandhigram is important. Moral education will shape the universities” “The visibility of Gandhigram is important. Moral education will shape the universities” -Dr. S.M. Ramasamy, V.C. GRI -Dr. S.M. Ramasamy, V.C. GRI

9 9 GANDHIGRAM RURAL INSTITUTE DEEMED UNIVERSITY ORIGIN AND NEED FOR GURUKULA SYSTEM  Gurukula system is the foundation for building a value system value system  Health problem of a student  Peer group relationship  Financial problem  Emotional problem  Campus resources – its use  Sports and talents

10 10 ORIGIN AND NEED FOR GURUKULA SYSTEM  Cultural talents  Basic information for every student  Family circumstances – environment  Adolescent problem and parenting problem Guru has to manage Adolescent problem Guru has to manage Adolescent problem Time Management Time Management

11 11 ORIGIN AND NEED FOR GURUKULA SYSTEM Life style management Life style management Stress and strain management Stress and strain management Multi –cultural shock – for Example: Manipur, other states and abroad Multi –cultural shock – for Example: Manipur, other states and abroad Over all behaviour and conduct Over all behaviour and conduct

12 12 QUALITIES OF A GURU GU - MEANS DARKNESS RU – MEANS LIGHT. Model teacher Model teacher Visionary Visionary Friendly Friendly Knowledgeable Knowledgeable Sympathetic - Empathy Sympathetic - Empathy

13 13 QUALITIES OF A GURU Time management - Punctuality Time management - Punctuality Guru as a communicator for a life Guru as a communicator for a life Guru has a multi-dimensional personality Guru has a multi-dimensional personality Nut and cut - Guru has to provide pea-nuts for academic nutrition and also plunged into making various cuts for deviation like a scissor Nut and cut - Guru has to provide pea-nuts for academic nutrition and also plunged into making various cuts for deviation like a scissor

14 14 GURU AND STUDENT Attacking a problem Attacking a problem Partners in a field work Partners in a field work Gurukula Based Field Work Gurukula Based Field Work Phoenix experiment in South Africa - Gandhi as a Teacher Phoenix experiment in South Africa - Gandhi as a Teacher Leprosy patient – parchure Shastiri – Sanskrit scholar – Gandhi as a male nurse Leprosy patient – parchure Shastiri – Sanskrit scholar – Gandhi as a male nurse Teacher and Student relationship in Chitrakoot – Gujarat Vidhya Peeth, GRI, Gandhigram Teacher and Student relationship in Chitrakoot – Gujarat Vidhya Peeth, GRI, Gandhigram Combined Adventure – Joint Adventure Combined Adventure – Joint Adventure “Care for others” under Gurukula System “Care for others” under Gurukula System

15 15 WHY GURUKULA INEFFECTIVE? No time for teacher – lack of time No time for teacher – lack of time Career oriented – academic oriented Career oriented – academic oriented No ideological commitment No ideological commitment “New blood” – “Live up” “or Leave up” “New blood” – “Live up” “or Leave up” - Could not pick up the tradition - Could not pick up the tradition It should become an Affectionate programme It should become an Affectionate programme Monthly – 2 days may be allotted Monthly – 2 days may be allotted

16 16 PROBLEMS ARE COMPLEX Arrack shop – Wine shop, disturbing value Arrack shop – Wine shop, disturbing value No guide book for life Guru No guide book for life Guru A guide book for Guru and student – necessary A guide book for Guru and student – necessary We are not a holistic human being We are not a holistic human being

17 17 PROBLEMS ARE COMPLEX Guru - a holistic concept Guru - a holistic concept Guru – a total guidance for students Guru – a total guidance for students Guru – Career guidance Guru – Career guidance Internet – Guru – [1 crore 75,000 documents] Internet – Guru – [1 crore 75,000 documents] All together could be a “team guru” All together could be a “team guru”

18 18 PROBLEMS ARE COMPLEX Empathize – Guru should have empathy. Empathize – Guru should have empathy. Guru- Should not hurt students Guru- Should not hurt students Guru may understand “tragedies” Guru may understand “tragedies” NGOs like India Trust – Gandhigram Trust and others providing mechanics for Stress management and counseling like Gurukula system NGOs like India Trust – Gandhigram Trust and others providing mechanics for Stress management and counseling like Gurukula system

19 19 CREATIVITY AND INNOVATION OF GURUS Guru may take a vow that “Nobody should fail” not only in exam but also in life. Guru may take a vow that “Nobody should fail” not only in exam but also in life. Guru should be a practitioner. Guru should be a practitioner. Guru should take the best out of students” – Guru can do it. Guru should take the best out of students” – Guru can do it. Men students get degenerated Men students get degenerated

20 20 CREATIVITY AND INNOVATION OF GURUS Life becomes empty. Life becomes empty. Can we bring students to the “track” of successful ladder? – yes, we can. Can we bring students to the “track” of successful ladder? – yes, we can. Men can not sit silent Men can not sit silent

21 21 WHAT EVERY GURU CAN DO? Take time to share love and affection with students Take time to share love and affection with students Make students punctual Make students punctual Academic problem solving – classroom, hostel and family, hostel students and dayscholars. Academic problem solving – classroom, hostel and family, hostel students and dayscholars. Organizational help Organizational help Create a good atmosphere for learning Create a good atmosphere for learning Create a basic atmosphere for sharing worries. Create a basic atmosphere for sharing worries.

22 22 WHAT EVERY GURU CAN DO? OPERATIONAL / REORGANIZATIONAL Regular class work – Gurus are busy Regular class work – Gurus are busy Alternative week – Gurukula Meeting or weekly Alternative week – Gurukula Meeting or weekly Gurukula based field work – village visit Gurukula based field work – village visit Every Department should have a spade [50] for carryingout regular Shramdan work Every Department should have a spade [50] for carryingout regular Shramdan work Gurukula record book Gurukula record book

23 23 WHAT EVERY GURU CAN DO? OPERATIONAL / REORGANIZATIONAL Initiating dialogue with experts / leaders/ management experts / Gandhian thinkers Initiating dialogue with experts / leaders/ management experts / Gandhian thinkers A guide to Guru- Ex: “Poverty” – spiritual force A guide to Guru- Ex: “Poverty” – spiritual force Spiritual desert will bring a Guru Spiritual desert will bring a Guru Providing “Update information” – ghy; epide;J}l;Lk; jha; Providing “Update information” – ghy; epide;J}l;Lk; jha;

24 24 WHAT EVERY GURU CAN DO? OPERATIONAL / REORGANIZATIONAL ‘Sense the need and fill the need’ of the students ‘Sense the need and fill the need’ of the students ‘Load and unload knowledge” ‘Load and unload knowledge” Guru is like a parent Guru is like a parent Gurus may log the problems of students Gurus may log the problems of students Gurus may prioritize the problems of students Gurus may prioritize the problems of students New Method of Teaching to attract students New Method of Teaching to attract students Frequent meetings / interaction with students. Frequent meetings / interaction with students.

25 25 WHAT STUDENTS CAN DO? Understand the life of founders of Gandhigram Dr.G.Ramachandran Mama and Dr.T.S.Soundram Amma. Understand the life of founders of Gandhigram Dr.G.Ramachandran Mama and Dr.T.S.Soundram Amma. Read a book on adventure with my life – Autobiography of Mama Read a book on adventure with my life – Autobiography of Mama A book about Amma – Aram Valartha Amma A book about Amma – Aram Valartha Amma Creating Mama and Amma’s exhibition by all students Creating Mama and Amma’s exhibition by all students Go through the album of Mama and Amma Go through the album of Mama and Amma See the GRI documentary film – 10 minutes See the GRI documentary film – 10 minutes

26 26 WHAT STUDENTS CAN DO? Understand Tagore, Gandhi and any noble leaders whom you like most? Understand Tagore, Gandhi and any noble leaders whom you like most? Read magazines and study materials like GRI newsletter, annual report, student magazine available in the Dr. G. Ramachandran central library. Read magazines and study materials like GRI newsletter, annual report, student magazine available in the Dr. G. Ramachandran central library. Everyday is a reading day; learning day; working day – Read and read as much as you can including daily newspapers. Everyday is a reading day; learning day; working day – Read and read as much as you can including daily newspapers. Read IQAC, UGC and IAU - Newsletters regularly Read IQAC, UGC and IAU - Newsletters regularly Choose a topic for project reports highlighting GRI Gurukula system with the help of the Teacher guide allotted to you Choose a topic for project reports highlighting GRI Gurukula system with the help of the Teacher guide allotted to you Diary writing regularly by all students Diary writing regularly by all students Celebrate Teachers Day being 5 th September as Gurus day – Birthday of Celebrate Teachers Day being 5 th September as Gurus day – Birthday of Dr.S.Radhakrishnan, Philosopher Dr.S.Radhakrishnan, Philosopher Meet Gurus regularly – meeting gurus and energizing everyday should be the basic duty of every student. Meet Gurus regularly – meeting gurus and energizing everyday should be the basic duty of every student.

27 27 WHAT STUDENTS CAN DO? Attend Gurukula meetings every week regularly as per the time table Attend Gurukula meetings every week regularly as per the time table Contact your Gurus frequently; Greet your Gurus daily. Contact your Gurus frequently; Greet your Gurus daily. Share your feelings and emotions with Guru. Share your feelings and emotions with Guru. Everyday is a reading day - Language labs in the campus – village as a laboratory – village as a classroom – Library as knowledge park – Gold mind Everyday is a reading day - Language labs in the campus – village as a laboratory – village as a classroom – Library as knowledge park – Gold mind Take advise from Gurus regularly Take advise from Gurus regularly

28 28 THOUGHTS ON GURUKULA SYSTEM Guru is like a light house Guru is like a light house No Guru today, No guidance tomorrow No Guru today, No guidance tomorrow Diamonds shine brightest in a coal mine. Gurus will shape you like a dimonds. Diamonds shine brightest in a coal mine. Gurus will shape you like a dimonds. No Guru; No future. No Guru; No future. Following the shadow of a Guru is like following the shadow of the almighty Following the shadow of a Guru is like following the shadow of the almighty Ideal Guru and ideal student are the two sides of the same coin of the GRI Ideal Guru and ideal student are the two sides of the same coin of the GRI [Thoughts of Dr. S. Narayanasamy, ] [Thoughts of Dr. S. Narayanasamy, ]

29 29 QUESTION? Five years [5] happiness – As a disciple in GRI today Five years [5] happiness – As a disciple in GRI today 50 years [50] happiness – As a Guru in the future. 50 years [50] happiness – As a Guru in the future.ANSWER Be a sincere and faithful disciple Be a sincere and faithful disciple

30 30 THANK YOU


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