Presentation on theme: "Also known as Figures of Speech"— Presentation transcript:
1Also known as Figures of Speech Figurative LanguageAlso known as Figures of Speech
2Types of Figurative Language Simile – comparison between two unlike things, using like, as, resembles or thanMetaphor – refers to one thing as if it were another unlike thing without the use of like, as, resembles or thanPersonification – a type of metaphor in which nonhuman things or qualities are referred to as if it were humanSymbol – a person, place or thing that has meaning on its own, as well as standing for something elseHyperbole – extreme exaggeration used for emphasis.
3The Toaster A silver-scaled Dragon with jaws flaming red Sits at my elbow and toasts my bread.I hand him fat slices, and then, one by one,He hands them back when he sees they are done.-- William Jay Smith
4Apartment House A filing cabinet of human lives Where people swarm like bees in tunneled hives,Each to his own cell in the towered comb,Identical and cramped—we call it home.-- Gerald Raftery
5The Base Stealer Poised between going on and back, pulled Both ways taut like a tightrope-walker,Fingertips pointing the opposites,Now bouncing tiptoe like a dropped ballOr a kid skipping rope, come on, come on,Running a scattering of steps sidewise,How he teeters, skitters, tingles, teases,Taunts them, hovers like an ecstatic bird,He’s only flirting, crowd him, crowd him,Delicate, delicate, delicate, delicate – now!-- Robert Francis
6Dreams Hold fast to dreams For if dreams die Life is a broken-winged birdThat cannot fly.For when dreams goLife is a barren fieldFrozen with snow.-- Langston Hughes
7April It’s lemonade, it’s lemonade, it’s daisy. It’s a roller-skating, scissor-grinding day;It’s gingham-waisted, chocolate flavored, lazy,With the children flower-scattered at their play.It’s the sun like watermelon,And the sidewalks overlaidWith a glaze of yellow yellowLike a jar of marmalade.Continue …
8April continued … Then the rich magenta evening Like a sauce upon the walk,And the porches softly swingingWith a hammockful of talk.It’s the hobo at the cornerWith his lilac-sniffing gait,And the shy departing thunderOf the fast departing skate.
9April continued … It’s lemonade, it’s lemonade, it’s April! A water sprinkler, puddle winking time,When a boy who peddles slowly, with a smile remote and holy,Sells you April chocolate for a dime.-- Marcia Masters
10Fireworks Not guns, not thunder, but a flutter of clouded drums That announce a fiesta: abruptly, fiery needlesCircumscribe on the night boundless chrysanthemums.Softly, they break apart, they flake away, whereDarkness, on a svelte hiss, swallows them.Delicate brilliance: a bellflower opens, fades,In a sprinkle of falling stars.Night absorbs themWith the sponge of her silence.-- Babette Deutsch
11Examples of Simile Her lips were soft as rose petals. My love is like a can of tuna. The water sparkled like thousands of diamonds.The dog danced around like loose litter in the wind.
12Examples of Metaphor Her eyes were saucers. Harry, the brightly dressed peacock.The Olympic runner is the wind …Mr. Smith is an encyclopedia of sports trivia.The cup of hot tea was the best medicine for my cold.
13Examples of Personification The light danced on the surface of the water.I could hear the animals laughing as I traveled, lost, in circles, through the forest.The clouds cried …
14Examples of Symbolism Dove – peace Chains – imprisonment Cross – ChristianityFlag – patriotismRed – passion; violence; bloodSpring – new beginnings; birthLamb – gentleness; innocence
15Examples of Hyperbole My shoes are killing me! It’s raining cats and dogs!I died laughing.My mom’s going to explode when she gets my grades!