2Objectives To understand the theory behind hinge questions. To understand how hinge question improve teaching and learning in Business Studies.
3HINGE QUESTIONS A Hinge question is based on the concept that it is critical for pupils to understand key topics before moving on
4The idea behind Hinge Questions As the teacher you become more aware of the progress of individual pupils.Tasks are targeted accurately to their level of understandingAs you teach, the students level becomes more apparent and then you can tailor the lesson to their needsUltimately each student should therefore be challenged because they are given appropriately pitched tasks.
5Timing of hinge questions The question should fall about midway during the lesson.Every student must respond to the question within two minutes.You must be able to collect and interpret the responses from all students in 30 seconds
6Answering Hinge Questions There are numerous ways to gather responses to your hinge questionsWhite boardsABCD cardsPaper Scissor StoneFingers
7In Business Studies Using 6 key topic areas: Ownership (Liability) Production (Mass, batch, flow)Finance (Breakeven)External Factors (SWOT/PEST)Recruitment & selection (R&S process)Marketing (The 4 P’s)
8Objectives Be able to identify the Breakeven point on a graph To describe the Breakeven pointTo understand the reason for calculating the breakeven point
9Assuming last lessons learning (fixed & variable costs) can be used as the foundations to this lessonThe BREAKEVEN point
10Business Costs RENT RAW MATERIALS A - Variable cost, these increase as the firms output increasesB - Fixed cost, these don’t vary with output
11Consolidating last lessons learning WAGES –£ 6 per hour£18,000 a year SALARYINSURANCE – for the building and staffPACKAGINGFIX OR VARIABLE ?FIX OR VARIABLE ?INTEREST payments on loans/mortgagesTRANSPORTING the products
12CLUE - The Cake business is not making a PROFIT or a LOSS Circle the point at which you believe the business has broken EVEN.CLUE - The Cake business is not making a PROFIT or a LOSS
13BCAQ. 1 - Either A,B or C is the breakeven point. Two costs are even at the breakeven point. Which circle indicates the breakeven point?Q. 2 – In the exam you need to be able to explain the breakeven point without the use of a diagram. The breakeven point is……………….. (use key terms)
14Breakeven Definition – total costs are equal to total revenue SO WHY! As the manager of this cake factory why should I bother working out the breakeven point? Is it because:(Paper) – it shows me how much profit the business will make(Scissors) – it shows me the difference between fixed and variable costs(Stone) – it shows me the number crates I need to sell to cover my costs
15BREAKEVEN EVEN TABLE STONE PAPER & SCISSORS Q. - What is the breakeven level of sales for this cake factory (figure & mark it on the graph)Q. – Using the breakeven table and the blank graph create a new breakeven graph1234567Fixed Costs3000Variable Costs400050006000700080009000Total Costs100001100012000Sales Revenue200014000BREAKEVEN EVEN TABLESTONEQ – Discuss why the manger of the cake business needs to work out the breakeven point of sales. Think about changing costs, changing price, changing production output, staffing levelsQ (Extension) – Why might the cake factory manger be wary of the breakeven point as a performance analysis and decision making tool.
16Questioning in English Where is the verb in this sentence?The dog ran across the roadABCD
17Maths What can you say about the means of the following two data sets? The two sets have the same mean.The two sets have different means.It depends on whether you choose to count the zero.QKey: B(Mis)conception – added a zero to data set does not impact the mean – A and C variations of each other
18Science How could you increase the temperature of boiling water? Add more heat.Add more water.You can’t increase the temperature of boiling water.Add Salt
19MFL - French I will go in French A – J’allerai B – J’irai C – J’ai alléD – Je vais aller
20Questioning in history: discussion In which year did World War II begin?19191938193919401941
21MathsWhich of the shapes below contains a dotted line that is also a diagonal?QKey: B, C, D, E(Mis)conception – any line at 45 degree to horizontal. What is missed is also important – C and E could not be diagonals because of what is NOT selectedMORE THAN ONE CORRECT ANSWER – not standard number of answer choicesCombination of responses is also important – (b) is different from (c) and (d) and (e)
22Hinge Questions More Examples are available Go to the tool kit in the Afl folder - shared area.