# Hinge Questions.

## Presentation on theme: "Hinge Questions."— Presentation transcript:

Hinge Questions

Objectives To understand the theory behind hinge questions.
To understand how hinge question improve teaching and learning in Business Studies.

HINGE QUESTIONS A Hinge question is based on the concept that it is critical for pupils to understand key topics before moving on

The idea behind Hinge Questions
As the teacher you become more aware of the progress of individual pupils. Tasks are targeted accurately to their level of understanding As you teach, the students level becomes more apparent and then you can tailor the lesson to their needs Ultimately each student should therefore be challenged because they are given appropriately pitched tasks.

Timing of hinge questions
The question should fall about midway during the lesson. Every student must respond to the question within two minutes. You must be able to collect and interpret the responses from all students in 30 seconds

There are numerous ways to gather responses to your hinge questions White boards ABCD cards Paper Scissor Stone Fingers

In Business Studies Using 6 key topic areas: Ownership (Liability)
Production (Mass, batch, flow) Finance (Breakeven) External Factors (SWOT/PEST) Recruitment & selection (R&S process) Marketing (The 4 P’s)

Objectives Be able to identify the Breakeven point on a graph
To describe the Breakeven point To understand the reason for calculating the breakeven point

Assuming last lessons learning (fixed & variable costs) can be used as the foundations to this lesson The BREAKEVEN point

A - Variable cost, these increase as the firms output increases B - Fixed cost, these don’t vary with output

Consolidating last lessons learning
WAGES –£ 6 per hour £18,000 a year SALARY INSURANCE – for the building and staff PACKAGING FIX OR VARIABLE ? FIX OR VARIABLE ? INTEREST payments on loans/mortgages TRANSPORTING the products

CLUE - The Cake business is not making a PROFIT or a LOSS
Circle the point at which you believe the business has broken EVEN. CLUE - The Cake business is not making a PROFIT or a LOSS

B C A Q. 1 - Either A,B or C is the breakeven point. Two costs are even at the breakeven point. Which circle indicates the breakeven point? Q. 2 – In the exam you need to be able to explain the breakeven point without the use of a diagram. The breakeven point is……………….. (use key terms)

Breakeven Definition – total costs are equal to total revenue
SO WHY! As the manager of this cake factory why should I bother working out the breakeven point? Is it because: (Paper) – it shows me how much profit the business will make (Scissors) – it shows me the difference between fixed and variable costs (Stone) – it shows me the number crates I need to sell to cover my costs

BREAKEVEN EVEN TABLE STONE PAPER & SCISSORS
Q. - What is the breakeven level of sales for this cake factory (figure & mark it on the graph) Q. – Using the breakeven table and the blank graph create a new breakeven graph 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Fixed Costs 3000 Variable Costs 4000 5000 6000 7000 8000 9000 Total Costs 10000 11000 12000 Sales Revenue 2000 14000 BREAKEVEN EVEN TABLE STONE Q – Discuss why the manger of the cake business needs to work out the breakeven point of sales. Think about changing costs, changing price, changing production output, staffing levels Q (Extension) – Why might the cake factory manger be wary of the breakeven point as a performance analysis and decision making tool.

Questioning in English
Where is the verb in this sentence? The dog ran across the road A B C D

Maths What can you say about the means of the following two data sets?
The two sets have the same mean. The two sets have different means. It depends on whether you choose to count the zero. Q Key: B (Mis)conception – added a zero to data set does not impact the mean – A and C variations of each other

Science How could you increase the temperature of boiling water?

MFL - French I will go in French A – J’allerai B – J’irai
C – J’ai allé D – Je vais aller

Questioning in history: discussion
In which year did World War II begin? 1919 1938 1939 1940 1941

Maths Which of the shapes below contains a dotted line that is also a diagonal? Q Key: B, C, D, E (Mis)conception – any line at 45 degree to horizontal. What is missed is also important – C and E could not be diagonals because of what is NOT selected MORE THAN ONE CORRECT ANSWER – not standard number of answer choices Combination of responses is also important – (b) is different from (c) and (d) and (e)

Hinge Questions More Examples are available
Go to the tool kit in the Afl folder - shared area.