2Why do we cut hair ? To remove damaged or split ends To Thin and taper hair to reduce bulkTo reduce the overall lengthTo create new shape/styleTo add texture and interestTo achieve the clients wishesActivity- ask the students to come up with the main purpose of cutting hair
3Health & Safety whilst cutting In groups, make a list of all the different health and safety concerns to consider when cutting.PPESterilised tools and equipmentHair continuously swept upClean work areaIf you cut your client the wound must be cleaned wearing glovesCuts to self to be cleaned and covered with plastersScissors to be used and stored safely out of reachRazor blades to go in the yellow sharps boxTo work in groups of 4 and present answers to group research using handbooks
4Consultations SkillsGood hairdressing is communication and skill. Never shampoo a client without providing a full consultation with open questions using visual aids, being aware of the clients body language, repeat instruction for clarity . The top 3 reasons why people leave their hairdressers are:- 1) They always did what they wanted to do 2) They didn’t listen to me or suggest anything new 3) They did something too drastic.Ask students for any bad/good experiences they may have had when visiting a salon.
5ActivityWork in pairsList all the ways we communicate with each otherWhat is the most important skill you need to communicate with your client ?Tutor to recap G7 communication. Groups to contribute to discussion and write there findings on the white board.Did they identify LISTENING skills as the most important skill ?
6Non-verbal Communication 50%Body language10%Words40%Tone of voiceExplain the importance of good body languageAs you can see from the pie chart, body language is a very important part of communication
7Consultation processList in pairs the information which must be identified during the consultation.Always complete a consultation sheet before you cut anyone’s hair at College.Texture, coarse/medium/fineDensity, sparse/abundantHair conditionHair growth patternsNatural hair fallDegree of curlFace shapeHead shapeHair elasticityDiscuss length, shapefringes and partings, lifestyleUse visual aidsActivity- Tutor to make sure students annotate their notes when giving the answers swap papers for marking
8Hair Growth Patterns can you recognise the following Widow’s peakCowlickDouble crownNape whorlGroup discussion: Tutor to talk through make reference to natural hair fall , leaving length over nape etc:…encourage students to think about hair styles and if they would suit each growth patternDiscuss how you would cut certain styles that may effect the end result due to hair growth patterns
9Profile The proportions, balance and distribution will be a frame for the head and face.Make sure you feel the head shape, especially if youAre taking the hair short.Tutor to recap G7
10Corrective Face Shapes In green= face shapesCorrective style grey/whiteRoundHeartSquareThe oval shapeIs a balanced equal shapeTriangularRectangular/LongDiamond
12Complete the table - Cutting wet or dry Tutor – answers on next slide TechniqueWetDryBecauseClubyesFreehandThinning(Scissors)Could remove too much bulk.Scissor over combNo
13Answers - Cutting wet or dry TechniqueWetDryBecauseClubyesIt reduces lengthFreehandIt blends in the hair better to the natural fallThinning(Scissors)NoYesCould remove too much bulk if wetScissor over combYou can graduate the hair better and reduce steps when dry
14Cutting ShapesThere are 4 basic cutting shapes you will learn on your VRQ level 2 qualification. Once you have gained confidence and are competent on these shapes, you can then build on these to create a variety of different looks. 1) One length 2) Uniform layer 3) Short graduation 4) Long graduation
15AnglesThis section runs vertically ↕. Vertical sections can go from the centre front hair line to the centre back nape. Sometimes they are shorter.This section runs horizontally ↔. Horizontal sections can go across the nape, across the crown or round the back of the head from ear to ear.Here, the horizontal guideline runs across the head just above the ears. The vertical guideline runs from the crown to form a ‘T’.This section runs diagonally Diagonal sections can go from left to right or from right to left . They are usually positioned to follow the shape of the head.
16At what angle is this section of hair held? Uniform Layer AnglesThis section of hairhas been lifted 90°to the head.At what angle is this section of hair held?These sections ofhair have alsobeen lifted 90°to the head.This hair is held down close to the head at a 0° angle.
17Guidelines Why is it important to follow guidelines. How do you cross check a hair cut and why?To determine the finished length and shape of the required haircutTo ensure a methodical progression of the cutTo enable accuracyThe opposite way to the way you cut (vertically or horizontally)Use mirror to determine balanceTo ensure accuracy
18GuidelinesWhich are vertical guidelines? ____________________________________Which are horizontal guidelines? __________________________________Vertical = B, C, EHorizontal = A , D, F
19At what angle to the head is each section of hair held? A = B= C= 45
20Can you label the diagram with the correct angles 180º0ºTutor - Answers on next page
21Answers Angles: A = 90° B = 90° C = 90° D = 180° E = 45° F = 0° G = 0° 180º0º
26Complete the table for the following haircuts One lengthUniformShort graduationLong graduationAsymmetricWeight distributionBalanceDegree of graduationEvenEye levelVariedTutor – answers on next slide
27Answers One length Uniform Asymmetric Weight distribution Balance Short graduationLong graduationAsymmetricWeight distributionBalanceDegree of graduationPerimeterEven90Eye level45 (approx)Weight at neck135 (approx)Heavier one sideUnevenVaried
28Aftercare adviceWhen would you recommend a client to return to the salon?How much does the average hair grow per month?When the style begins to lose shapeWhen they experience difficulties styling the hairAccording to the rate of the hair growth1.25cm or ½ inch per month