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Unit 206 Cutting Women's Hair Tutor – Lisa Collins.

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1 Unit 206 Cutting Women's Hair Tutor – Lisa Collins

2 Why do we cut hair ? To remove damaged or split ends To Thin and taper hair to reduce bulk To reduce the overall length To create new shape/style To add texture and interest To achieve the clients wishes

3 Health & Safety whilst cutting In groups, make a list of all the different health and safety concerns to consider when cutting. PPE Sterilised tools and equipment Hair continuously swept up Clean work area If you cut your client the wound must be cleaned wearing gloves Cuts to self to be cleaned and covered with plasters Scissors to be used and stored safely out of reach Razor blades to go in the yellow sharps box

4 Consultations Skills Good hairdressing is communication and skill. Never shampoo a client without providing a full consultation with open questions using visual aids, being aware of the clients body language, repeat instruction for clarity. The top 3 reasons why people leave their hairdressers are:- 1) They always did what they wanted to do 2) They didn’t listen to me or suggest anything new 3) They did something too drastic.

5 Activity Work in pairs List all the ways we communicate with each other What is the most important skill you need to communicate with your client ?

6 Non-verbal Communication 50% Body language 40% Tone of voice 10% Words As you can see from the pie chart, body language is a very important part of communication

7 Consultation process List in pairs the information which must be identified during the consultation.. Always complete a consultation sheet before you cut anyone’s hair at College. Texture, coarse/medium/fine Density, sparse/abundant Hair condition Hair growth patterns Natural hair fall Degree of curl Face shape Head shape Hair elasticity Discuss length, shape fringes and partings, lifestyle Use visual aids

8 Hair Growth Patterns can you recognise the following Widow’s peak Double crown Cowlick Nape whorl Discuss how you would cut certain styles that may effect the end result due to hair growth patterns

9 Profile The proportions, balance and distribution will be a frame for the head and face. Make sure you feel the head shape, especially if you Are taking the hair short.

10 Corrective Face Shapes The oval shape Is a balanced equal shape RoundHeart Triangular Rectangular/ Long Square Diamond In green= face shapes Corrective style grey/white

11

12 Complete the table - Cutting wet or dry Tutor – answers on next slide TechniqueWetDryBecause Club yes Freehand Thinning (Scissors) Could remove too much bulk. Scissor over comb No

13 Answers - Cutting wet or dry TechniqueWetDryBecause Clubyes It reduces length Freehandyes It blends in the hair better to the natural fall Thinning (Scissors) NoYesCould remove too much bulk if wet Scissor over comb NoYesYou can graduate the hair better and reduce steps when dry

14 Cutting Shapes There are 4 basic cutting shapes you will learn on your VRQ level 2 qualification. Once you have gained confidence and are competent on these shapes, you can then build on these to create a variety of different looks. 1) One length 2) Uniform layer 3) Short graduation 4) Long graduation

15 This section runs vertically ↕. Vertical sections can go from the centre front hair line to the centre back nape. Sometimes they are shorter. This section runs horizontally ↔. Horizontal sections can go across the nape, across the crown or round the back of the head from ear to ear. This section runs diagonally. Diagonal sections can go from left to right or from right to left. They are usually positioned to follow the shape of the head. Here, the horizontal guideline runs across the head just above the ears. The vertical guideline runs from the crown to form a ‘T’. Angles

16 This section of hair has been lifted 90° to the head. These sections of hair have also been lifted 90° to the head. This hair is held down close to the head at a 0° angle. At what angle is this section of hair held? Uniform Layer Angles

17 Guidelines  Why is it important to follow guidelines.  How do you cross check a hair cut and why?  To determine the finished length and shape of the required haircut  To ensure a methodical progression of the cut  To enable accuracy  The opposite way to the way you cut (vertically or horizontally)  Use mirror to determine balance  To ensure accuracy

18 Which are vertical guidelines? ____________________________________ Which are horizontal guidelines? __________________________________ Horizontal = A, D, FVertical = B, C, E Guidelines

19 At what angle to the head is each section of hair held? A = 90 B= 90 C= 45

20 Can you label the diagram with the correct angles 180º 0º Tutor - Answers on next page

21 Answers 180º 0º Angles: A = 90° B = 90° C = 90° D = 180° E = 45° F = 0° G = 0°

22 Long graduation # 1

23 Long graduation # 2

24 Short graduation

25 Uniform layers

26 Complete the table for the following haircuts Weight distribution BalanceDegree of graduation Even Eye level Varied One length Uniform Short graduation Long graduation Asymmetric Tutor – answers on next slide

27 Answers Weight distribution BalanceDegree of graduation PerimeterEven0 90 Eye levelEven45 (approx) Weight at neck Even135 (approx) Heavier one side UnevenVaried One length Uniform Short graduation Long graduation Asymmetric

28 Aftercare advice  When would you recommend a client to return to the salon?  How much does the average hair grow per month?  When the style begins to lose shape  When they experience difficulties styling the hair  According to the rate of the hair growth  1.25cm or ½ inch per month

29 Curly one length hair cut

30 One length above shoulder

31 Short graduation with clipper over comb

32 Uniform layered haircut

33 Long graduation haircut

34 Can you recognise these hair cuts?

35 Re-Cap Test your knowledge! Complete the following hand outs given to you to test your learning: Hair growth patterns Angle Cutting Quiz


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