Presentation on theme: "MU Aerial Lift Building Training OSHA Training Requirements for Aerial Lifts: As required under the Occupational Health and Safety Act, scissor lift operators."— Presentation transcript:
MU Aerial Lift Building Training OSHA Training Requirements for Aerial Lifts: As required under the Occupational Health and Safety Act, scissor lift operators must be deemed as competent operators. Competent scissor-lift operators must know not only how to operate the particular class of scissor-lift to which they may be operating but also be aware of hazards associated with the work they have been asked to do; they must be able to operate the scissor-lift in a manner that protects both their own safety and the safety of others in the workplace. It is the responsibility of the employer to establish a worker's competence to operate a powered lift truck. This is done through training and effective supervision.
Applicable Regulations: OSHA Regulations (Standards - 29 CFR) general requirements for mobile scaffolds OAR 437, Division 2, (29 CFR 1910, OR-OSHA for aerial lifts While there are no OSHA provisions that specifically address scissor lifts, they do meet the definition of a mobile scaffold, or aerial lift platform. Employers must therefore comply with the other applicable provisions of Subpart L when using scissor lifts. For example, since scissor lifts are mobile, the specific requirements for mobile scaffolds in the scaffold standard (§ (w) - mobile scaffolds) must be met. Or-OSHA provides similar instruction for aerial lift platforms.
Legislative Requirements Lift operators must be qualified according to the following definitions: 1) Competence 1) In this definition, “competent person” means a person who: a)Is qualified because of knowledge, training and experience to organize the work and its performance b) is familiar with the regulations that apply to the work, and c) has knowledge of any potential or actual danger to health or safety in the workplace 2) a lifting device shall be operated (a) only by, a competent person or a worker being trained by a competent person
Effective Supervision Employer’s Duties, Supervisor’s Duties and Workers Duties.
Employer’s Duties 1) An employer shall ensure that a) the equipment, materials and protective devices as prescribed are provided b) the equipment, materials and protective devices provided by the employer are maintained in good condition c) the measures and procedures prescribed are carried out in the workplace d) the equipment, materials and protective devices provided by the employer are used as prescribed
Also, training must be provided in the following workplace-related training topics: Surface conditions including ramps and other sloped surfaces that could affect stability Compositions of loads to be carried and load stability pedestrian traffic in areas of operation Narrow aisles and other restricted or hazardous places of operation Any other unique or potentially hazardous environmental conditions in the workplace that could affect safe operation
Supervisor’s Duties A supervisor shall ensure that a worker, --Works in the manner and with the protective devices, measures and procedures required by the regulations --Uses or wears the equipment, protective devices or clothing that the worker’s employer requires to be used or worn
A supervisor shall: Advise a worker of the existence of any potential or actual danger to the health or safety of the worker Where so prescribed, provide a worker with written instructions as to the measures and procedures to be taken for protection of the worker Take every precaution reasonable in the circumstances for the protection of a worker Supervisors must provide ongoing due diligence with respect to lift truck safety by: Selecting appropriate equipment Performing regular and appropriate maintenance including repair and inspection Performing procedural safety supervision Providing additional training and evaluation on specific workplace equipment
Employee’s Duties Operate lift equipment in a safe manner per prescribed training Take every precaution required by their training Remain safe and competent at all times
Hazard Identification What Causes Accidents? Poor equipment maintenance. Welding and cutting on lifts — when slag or sparks land on batteries. Wheels dropping into holes or slipping off decks — or any other abrupt change in elevation.
Scissor lifts that have a small footprint can tip easily. Most of the narrow scissor lifts can be pulled or pushed over with 150 lbs. of side force when elevated. Using a lift as a crane — attaching a load to the basket. Climbing on or over hand rails. Painting and sandblasting can damage equipment and cover safety decals.
What Causes Fatalities? Human factors that can be directly associated with what the worker other workers or the employer did/failed to do. Getting caught in the pinch point or squeeze point. Inattentive operation of the lift. Dangerous facility layout. Overhead moving/falling objects. Touching power lines. Poor illumination. Bad weather conditions.
Workplace Hazards * People *Equipment *Environment
People People People People People people people people people Are the single most unpredictable hazard Move randomly Have no common destination Understand the least about your lift and work process Must be protected by separating their route of travel from the lift’s route of travel
E Q U I P M E N T Equipment: What furniture, fixtures and equipment play a role in the Memorial Union lift pathways? What must the lift operator do to account for these obstructions to free lift travel? Fact: The vast majority of lift usage in the construction industry occurs in unfinished space. The Memorial Union is fully finished and outfitted with all types of fixed and mobile equipment overhead, along side walls, perhaps laying in the floor after a band concert waiting on the elevator. Route planning before travel is required. This pre-planning functions to alert the operator and spotter to hazards present in the lift path.
E N V I R O N M E N T The Memorial Union is a multi-level, fully finished structure with many architectural elements comprising its environment. Not all of the building areas are safe for lift operation!
Safe Areas for Lift Travel Unsafe Areas for Lift Travel The Main Lounge floor is UNSAFE at all times for the scissor lift. Plywood is no guarantee that the floating floor below will not collapse and cause a tip-over! Do Not Enter! The scissor lift should never be closer than 6 feet to an open stairwell. Travel over raised thresholds causes threshold damage. Thresholds must be protected by shims or ramps for travel. Turning the scissor lift on tiled flooring can cause damage to the tile. Turn and move together when possible. The BallroomThe Concourse Elevator No. 3