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April 11, 2012 Integrity - Initiative - Accountability - Respect Proven Smart Grid Communication Network Solutions For Advanced Meter Systems and the Intelligent.

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Presentation on theme: "April 11, 2012 Integrity - Initiative - Accountability - Respect Proven Smart Grid Communication Network Solutions For Advanced Meter Systems and the Intelligent."— Presentation transcript:

1 April 11, 2012 Integrity - Initiative - Accountability - Respect Proven Smart Grid Communication Network Solutions For Advanced Meter Systems and the Intelligent Grid Theo Woodard

2 Agenda  CenterPoint Energy Smart Grid Communication Network Overview Technology Decision Solution Architecture  Deployment and Operation Lessons Learned Deployment Considerations Keys to Success  Question and Answer 2

3 CenterPoint Energy, Inc., Houston Little Rock Minneapolis Electric Transmission & Distribution Interstate Gas Pipelines Natural Gas Distribution  Public company traded on the New York Stock Exchange (CNP)  Headquartered in Houston, TX  Operating 6 business segments in six states Electric transmission and distribution Natural gas distribution Interstate pipelines and natural gas gathering  Serving 5.4 million electric & gas customers  $22 billion in assets  $8.5 billion in revenue  8,827 employees  Over 130 years of service to our communities 3

4 5,000 square mile service area Approximately 2.2 million electric meters Houston Electric Delivers 77 Gigawatt hours yearly for about 115 certified Retail Electric Providers Transmission and Distribution System  3,742 miles of transmission lines  48,733 miles of distribution lines  232 substations Houston Electric Division (CEHE) Houston (4th largest city in the US) Houston Metro Area (6th largest in US) Who is CenterPoint Energy – Electric? 4

5 Smart Grid Project Updates  Deployment Milestones 2.0 Million meters deployed and being read remotely 5,200 Meter Data Collector (Cell Relay) and 112 Take-Out-Points deployed Successful systems deployment and upgrades Smart Meter Texas Portal functionally provided to the market place Developed processes and training to support new operational requirements  System Performance 2011 End of Year: 97.4% Service Orders completed electronically and completed approximately 30 minutes after receipt 99.5% register read rate on accepted and approved production meters  Achievements 1.9 Million service orders completed electronically 5,200 pole-mounted cell relays and 112 WiMax tower antenna sites installed. 3,391 HAN devices provisioned over AMS network 200 Intelligent Grid switches installed Reduced billing estimation rate by 88.92% Over 2 billion intervals of usage data are transmitted to the market each week 5

6 CenterPoint Energy Established a Project Management Office Risk / Issue Technology Arch & Security Metering CommunicationsAMS Systems Integrated Services Financial Utility Operations Committee Program Management Office Executive Steering Committee Key Support Areas Legal Corporate Communications Human Resources Safety Customer Service GIS IT Retail Market Production Support Planning, Tracking, Reporting Program Work Streams Risk Oversight Committee Process Change & Benefits Realization Procurement & Logistics 12.5 (4)-2-0 IG Systems Development IG Infrastructure Provides project management expertise and governance to the deployment of Smart Grid systems. 6

7  Provide wireless coverage to CNP’s entire 5,000 sq. mile electric service area:  Estimate 95% GE Radio coverage and 5% GSM coverage (remote rural areas) to the meters  Install approximately 6,000 Itron cell relays / radios and 130 GE tower access points  Provide redundant two-way communications to end points, i.e., meters  Utilize a dual-path architecture scalable both in size and technology to meet Smart Grid communication needs  Provide required data throughput capacity  Perform reliably, i.e., storm conditions  Comply with cyber security standards  Insure scalability to meet Smart Grid needs Purpose:  Architect and build an end-to-end Communications Network to provide service for Advanced Metering System and Intelligent Grid system. Objectives: Smart Grid Communication Deployment 7

8 Technology Decision Considerations  Spectrum Availability No licensed spectrum available from FCC Unlicensed spectrum used heavily in Houston Metro 25 kHz bandwidth licensed spectrum not sufficient for throughput needs  Performance Requirements Throughput speeds greater than 100 kbps required 99.9 % Reliability  Environmental Requirements Ambient Temperature range: -30 to +60 degrees Celsius Relative Humidity: 95% non-condensing Relative  Technical Requirements Ethernet Port Remotely managed  Product Availability Product had to be currently available Product had to be previously deployed 8

9 Evaluation Criteria  Evaluated based on: Technical capabilities of proposed solution Scalability of proposed network Overall, per-site and performance cost basis Longevity and market stability of proposing company Security compliance and capability 9

10 Technology Wireless Cellular Hardline Most Geographic Coverage (typically) No additional infrastructure for backhaul Broadband coverage Rapid deployment Engineer accordingly to requirements Build for the future (higher bandwidth) Potential for synergies within field network Rapid deployment (once in place) Proven technology Able to configure/size accordingly BPL\PLC Utilize existing infrastructure The “Broadband” promise Large “theoretical” geographic coverage Benefits Most deployments rely on multiple technologies to achieve a full coverage cost effective solutions High variable expense cost for data usage Reliance on cellular infrastructure Rapidly changing environment and technologies Infrastructure cost Achieving coverage, i.e., geographies, meter density in certain areas Permitting High fixed expense cost Difficult to manage individual circuits Reliance on carrier infrastructure Long Installation timeframes Frequency interference High price point Limited success in the field trials Challenges Communication Components Considered 10

11 AMS Communication Network Components  Hybrid Backhaul Solution AMS Backhaul (Radio/Wireless) PRIMARY Communication Path  This portion of the communication network connects the “take-out” points to/from the cell relay devices in the field  Bandwidth – 128 Kbps (minimum requirement)  Utilizes a new “purpose-built” WiMAX infrastructure (GE MDS Mercury 3650 Radio System)  Operates in the lower 3.65 GHz Band  WiMax 802.16d Standard  Redundant configuration  Ethernet Interface, 10/100BaseT, RJ-45  Point to Multi-Point Design, Access Point to Remotes  3 Sectors per Tower AMS Backhaul (Cellular) SECONDARY Communications Path  This portion of the communication network connects the cell relays to the data center via the AT&T cellular network  Bandwidth is adequate  Meter Communications Smart meters operate in a Mesh Network The Cell Relay is the Master Meter of the Mesh Network 11

12 Cell Relay with Bridged Interfaces Electric Meter with RFLAN and Zigbee Network Fire Wall HAN – Zigbee devices WiMAX & Network L3 Switch ONS Switch CenterPoint Energy Dual-Path Communication Specified Design Example 12

13  Meters form a mesh network and communicate with Cell Relays (collector) at a designed ratio of approximately 400:1  Primary communication: WiMax tower based Access Points communicate with Cell Relays/ meter data collectors  Secondary Communications (Redundancy): Cell Relays and IG devices can fail over to secondary network in the event of loss of WiMax connectivity or WiMax maintenance. Overview of Dual-Path Smart Grid Communications Network WiMax (Primary) Secondary Network (Cellular, satellite and others) IG with GSM and WiMAX WiMAX Annt. GSM/3G/4G IG with GSM and Satellite IG Switch / Recloser Controller Recloser Satellite Terminal GSM/3G/4G IG Details  Depends on location and criticality, IG device may have different secondary communication solution. 13

14 CenterPoint Energy Dual-Path Communication Architecture for Intelligent Grid – Specified Design Example IT SG Router/SW IT Firewalls ONS Switch SONET MPLS Switches Substation IG Comm. Transport Network and Redundant Networks ECDC Energy Control Field Network Demarcation Network Demarcation Distribution IG Comm. CIS, CIM, MKT. SAP systems Advanced Distribution Management System IPSec Tunn el PTP Microwave MPLS L3 Switch PTP Microwave Lease d and 2/4 wires IG with GSM and WiMAX Satellite Service NOC Site to Site VPN Satellite Provider Network Substation with Mux/modem/Microwa ve /Fiber & Emergency Satellite Comm. WiMAX GSM/3G/4G Providers Network Sub Comm. Sub Control Sub switch Microwave Tower and Hut IG with GSM and Satellite IG Switch / Recloser Controller WiMAX Annt. GSM/3G/4G Recloser /IG Satellite Terminal GSM/3G/4G Front End Comm Processor Operations EMS VPN Gwy. Firewall VPN Gwy. Fire Wall Distrib Servs. EMS Term. Distrib. Term. Dispatchers 1 2 2 IG Communications Network Specified / Logical Diagram 14

15 Agenda  CenterPoint Energy Smart Grid Communication Network Overview Technology Decision Solution Architecture  Deployment and Operation Lessons Learned Deployment Considerations Keys to Success  Question and Answer 15

16 Deployment Considerations….. The communications network deployment must be closely coordinated with the meter deployment. Cell Relay Site Selection Take Out Point Site Selection “Network communications in place 3 months ahead of meter deployment” Design ratio of 400:1 Meter to Cell Relay/ collector Meter Deployment Map 16

17 Deployment Considerations….. Be prepared to utilize creative design and installation solutions to meet aggressive timelines. Cell relay site selection process In the absence of a permanent TOP A temporary TOP was paced on top of a 150’ “Condor” crane at the Dunlavy substation to test signal strength at proposed cell relay sites near Memorial Park. 17

18 Deployment Considerations….. Complete the design up front, integrate components into an overall architecture, analyze/test all materials, complete construction standards, and prove installation procedures via testing/training 18 Proto-type: Test fit, constructability, parts list. Final Construction Standard: DSM approved. Install procedure developed. Installed Cell Relay Site 123 18

19 Deployment Considerations….. Manage materials and multiple service suppliers closely and establish strong field coordination along with detailed construction and performance acceptance / testing processes. Major equipment and long lead items such as cell relays, radios, network electronics, towers and buildings need to be specified, bid and ordered. 19

20 Deployment Considerations….. Analyze, select, implement network management tools early as they are used for both construction and operations. 20

21 Deployment Considerations….. Communication solutions developed ahead of time to address the network coverage needs for remote and low meter density areas.  The last 1% of meter coverage requirement  Tools on the bag – communication solutions RFLAN range extenders - meter collector mesh network extensions 900MHz systems – provide extended coverage areas WiMax Repeaters – provide additional WiMax coverage  Solution and combination of solutions are selected for application based on network availability, environmental and meter density WiMax RFLAN RFLAN Mesh RFLAN Range Extenders Example 21

22 Deployment Considerations….. Leverage a common communications infrastructure. The IG Network is built on the AMS Communications Infrastructure. AMSIG Fiber backhaul Microwave backhaul WiMAX (Primary) GSM (back-up) Satellite (back-up) 22

23 Deployment Considerations….. Consolidate equipment in field. Communications equipment is integrated with distribution electronics into a common enclosure. Communications Equipment 23

24 Some Keys to our success thus far… 1. Apply a proven network architecture method to ensure coverage of network design issues. 2. Develop solid business and technical requirements and ensure agreements with all stakeholders. 3. Strong Governance processes. A strong PMO utilizing proven governance methodology is essential to overall success. 4. Integration and close alignment of all project areas and support functions. Procurement, IT, distribution standards, systems development, communications infrastructure, meter deployment, suppliers, etc., must all work together in a coordinated fashion and not in silos. 5. Material contracts. Managing material contracts closely and maintaining sufficient material inventories is critical. 6. Design & Installation Standards & Procedures. Efficient, safe and cost efficient designs and installation standards need to be in place to meet schedules, minimize costs and provide for on- going required maintenance. 7. Solid Deployment Strategy. The meter deployment strategy and schedule must be in synch with the communications infrastructure build schedule to meet aggressive timelines and performance expectations. 8. Exception Management. Even small percentages of exceptions – like access or design issues can be disruptive if not handled expeditiously. 9. Operational Strategy. Soon after deployment begins and the first device goes into production, a plan must be in place to operate and maintain the equipment and systems. 24

25 Agenda  CenterPoint Energy Smart Grid Communication Network Overview Technology Decision Solution Architecture  Deployment and Operation Lessons Learned Deployment Considerations Keys to Success  Question and Answer 25

26 Per the DOE Grant Agreement,: “If you publish or otherwise make publicly available the results of the work conducted under the award, an acknowledgment of Federal Support and a disclaimer must appear in the publication of any material, whether copyrighted or not, based on or developed under this project, as follows:” Acknowledgment: “This material is based upon work supported by the Department of Energy under Award Number [DE-OE0000210]” Disclaimer: “This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Referenced herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the United States Government or any agency thereof. The views and opinion of authors expressed herein do not necessarily state or reflect those of the United States Government or any agency thereof.” DOE Acknowledgement and Disclaimer Requirement 26

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