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May 2014 FERMENTATION.  Fermentation is the process in which microorganisms convert organic compounds into a simpler compounds.  These organisms are.

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Presentation on theme: "May 2014 FERMENTATION.  Fermentation is the process in which microorganisms convert organic compounds into a simpler compounds.  These organisms are."— Presentation transcript:

1 May 2014 FERMENTATION

2  Fermentation is the process in which microorganisms convert organic compounds into a simpler compounds.  These organisms are typically yeast and bacteria which ferment sugar thus creating beer, wine, bread, kimchi, yogurt and other foods.  The by-products of beer/wort fermentation are carbon dioxide, alcohol and various flavor compounds. FERMENTATION DEFINED

3 What Kind of beer do you want to make?  Lager Yeast: (Saccharomyces pastorianus) Bottom fermenting, slower fermentation at a temperature low enough that the yeast cells can sink. Typically 45-55*F  Ale Yeast: (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) Top fermenting, more aggressive fermentation at a temperature high enough to carry the yeast cells to the top of the fermenting liquid. Typically 60-72*F Try experimenting with different yeasts and fermentation temperatures. Some yeasts will accentuate or mute malt and hop character. CHOOSING YOUR YEAST

4  Having enough yeast: Doing a proper starter for the volume/gravity of the beer you are making.  Nutrients: Having enough yeast nutrients and oxygen necessary for healthy fermentation.  Proper temperature control: Every yeast has a sweet spot where they function best. and OPTIMIZING FERMENTATION

5 Glass Carboys  Clarity allows you to gauge the activity of the fermentation.  Two sizes commonly available, a 6 1/2 gallon and 5 gallon  Because they are clear, carboys must be shielded from light Food grade plastic buckets  Less expensive than glass and safer to handle.  Option of having spigots, which makes siphoning unnecessary  Spigots allow for easier bottling.  Easier to add fruit and other adjuncts. FERMENTATION CONTAINERS

6 Buckets: $15 Glass Carboys: $30-40 TYPICAL HOMEBREW FERMENTERS

7  Airlock is appropriate when there is adequate amount of head space.  A blow-off hose is appropriate when fermentation is vigorous and there is less headspace, allows foam and hop remnants to be carried out of the fermenter.  Tinfoil can be used over carboy top AIRLOCK VS. BLOW-OFF TUBE VS. FOIL

8  A place with a stable temperature within the appropriate temperature range for the yeast being used. Ales 60-72*F, Lagers 45-55*F  Closets, basements, or a spare bathroom. Fermentation chamber or refrigerator.  Shield from direct sunlight for two reasons. sunlight will cause a photochemical reaction with the hop compounds and skunk your beer. WHERE TO FERMENT?

9  Active fermentation should start within 12 o 24 hours.  The three important factors for a successful fermentation are 1) pitching enough yeast, 2) good wort nutrients, and 3) maintaining a consistent temperature in the correct range.  It is not uncommon for an ale's primary fermentation to be done 2-3 days. Lagers take longer because of the cooler temperatures, 7-21 days. PRIMARY FERMENTATION

10  Single stage: No transfer to secondary, wait days to condition the beer and allow clearing, then proceed to packaging.  Two stage fermentation: Longer conditioning time, gets beer off majority of yeast, and may aid in clarification. A good place to add fruit or other adjuncts. SECONDARY FERMENTATION

11  Lager yeast produce less fruity esters than ale yeasts but can produce more sulfur compounds during primary fermentation.  Many first time lager brewers are astonished by the rotten egg smell coming from their fermenters, sometimes letting it convince them that the batch is infected and causing them to dump it. Don't do it! Fortunately, these compounds continue to vent during the conditioning (lagering) phase and the chemical precursors of other odious compounds are gradually eaten up by the yeast. A previously rank smelling beer that is properly lagered will be sulfur-free and delicious at bottling TEMPERATURE AND FLAVOR

12 Brew Belt/heater: $30Thermostat $57 TEMPERATURE CONTROL TOOLS

13 HIGH TECH HOME FERMENTATION

14 LOW TECH HOME FERMENTATION


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